Past Tense And Past Continuous

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Information about Past Tense And Past Continuous

Published on July 20, 2007

Author: nogueherre

Source: slideshare.net

Description

It´s a work for my students to learn grammar in english.

SIMPLE PAST TENSE Affirmative Sentence: She walked to school Question: Did she walk to school? Negative Sentence: She didn’t walk to school.

Affirmative Sentence:

She walked to school

Question: Did she walk to school?

Negative Sentence:

She didn’t walk to school.

We use the past tense to communicate an action or event that happened and concluded in the past.( Usamos el pasado simple para comunicar una acción o hecho que sucedió y concluyó en el pasado) We saw the explosion.

We use the past tense to communicate an action or event that happened and concluded in the past.( Usamos el pasado simple para comunicar una acción o hecho que sucedió y concluyó en el pasado)

We saw the explosion.

We can use the past tense for events that happened during a period of time in the past but are not ocurring now. (podemos usar el pasado simple para hechos que ocurrieron durante un periodo de tiempo pero que ahora ya no ocurren) I lived in Hong Kong for two years.

We can use the past tense for events that happened during a period of time in the past but are not ocurring now. (podemos usar el pasado simple para hechos que ocurrieron durante un periodo de tiempo pero que ahora ya no ocurren)

I lived in Hong Kong for two years.

Complete these sentences with past tense.

Emily Carr, British Columbia's most famous artist,…………… (be) born in 1871. Her parents………… (die) when she was still a teenager. She………….. (study) art in San Francisco and Paris, but when she ……………………(come) back to Victoria, she…………….. (keep) a house called "The House of All Sorts", where she……… (be) the landlady.

answers Emily Carr, British Columbia's most famous artist,…WAS……… born in 1871. Her parents……DIED…… when she was still a teenager. She…STUDIED art in San Francisco and Paris, but when she …CAME back to Victoria, she…KEPT a house called "The House of All Sorts", where she…WAS the landlady.

Emily Carr, British Columbia's most famous artist,…WAS……… born in 1871. Her parents……DIED…… when she was still a teenager. She…STUDIED art in San Francisco and Paris, but when she …CAME back to Victoria, she…KEPT a house called "The House of All Sorts", where she…WAS the landlady.

Many years later, she………… (begin) painting again. To find subjects for her paintings, she …………(take) trips into the forests of British Columbia, and she often ………..(meet) with the First Nations people and ………..(paint) them too. Emily Carr also ……………(write) several books, and she…………… (win) the Governor General's Award for one of them.

Many years later, she………… (begin) painting again. To find subjects for her paintings, she …………(take) trips into the forests of British Columbia, and she often ………..(meet) with the First Nations people and ………..(paint) them too. Emily Carr also ……………(write) several books, and she…………… (win) the Governor General's Award for one of them.

answers Many years later, she…BEGAN painting again. To find subjects for her paintings, she …TOOK trips into the forests of British Columbia, and she often …MET with the First Nations people and painted them too. Emily Carr also WROTE several books, and she……WON the Governor General's Award for one of them.

Many years later, she…BEGAN painting again. To find subjects for her paintings, she …TOOK trips into the forests of British Columbia, and she often …MET with the First Nations people and painted them too. Emily Carr also WROTE several books, and she……WON the Governor General's Award for one of them.

The three most important irregular verbs The three most important irregular verbs are BE, HAVE, and DO.

BE(ser o estar) is the most difficult, because its forms are different depending on the subject:

BE(ser o estar) is the most difficult, because its forms are different depending on the subject:

Pronoun Verb I was(era o estaba) You were (eras o estabas) He / she / it was (él/ella era o estaba) We were (nosotros eramos o estabamos) They were (ellos eran o estaban)

Pronoun Verb

I was(era o estaba)

You were (eras o estabas)

He / she / it was (él/ella era o estaba)

We were (nosotros eramos o

estabamos)

They were (ellos eran o estaban)

HAVE (tener o haber) and DO (hacer) are more simple

HAVE (tener o haber)

and

DO (hacer)

are more simple

Base form Past Tense Have had do did

Base form Past Tense

Have had

do did

Other irregular verbs

Verbs which don't change(verbos que no cambian) cut - cut (cortar) hit - hit (golpear) fit - fit (ajustar)-quedar)

Verbs which don't change(verbos que no cambian)

cut - cut (cortar)

hit - hit (golpear) fit - fit (ajustar)-quedar)

Verbs which change their vowel(verbos que cambian sus vocales) get - got (obtener) sit - sat (sentarse) drink - drank (beber)

Verbs which change their vowel(verbos que cambian sus vocales)

get - got (obtener) sit - sat (sentarse) drink - drank (beber)

Verbs which change completely(verbos que cambian completamente) catch - caught (agarrar-tomar) bring - brought (traer) teach - taught (enseñar)

Verbs which change completely(verbos que cambian completamente)

catch - caught (agarrar-tomar)

bring - brought (traer)

teach - taught (enseñar)

Useful words Yesterday (ayer) Yesterday night/morning/(ayer en la noche/mañana) Last week/month/year/ (la semana pasada, el mes pasado etc.) In 1978/March/the morning ( en 1978,en marzo, en la mañana etc) Ago (se usa para hablar de un punto en el pasado ej: She arrived two years ago(ella llegó hece dos años atrás)

Yesterday (ayer)

Yesterday night/morning/(ayer en la noche/mañana)

Last week/month/year/ (la semana pasada, el mes pasado etc.)

In 1978/March/the morning ( en 1978,en marzo, en la mañana etc)

Ago (se usa para hablar de un punto en el pasado ej: She arrived two years ago(ella llegó hece dos años atrás)

The Past Progressive Tense One of the most typical past progressive situations expresses a past progressive action with reference to an adverb of time . (usamos pasado progresivo en relación a un adverbio de tiempo) I was listening to the radio at seven a.m.

One of the most typical past progressive situations expresses a past progressive action with reference to an adverb of time .

(usamos pasado progresivo en relación a un adverbio de tiempo)

I was listening to the radio at seven a.m.

We can have the situation where an action in the simple past tense interrupts another action in the past progressive tense. This situation consists of a principal clause and an adverb clause .(usamos pasado progresivo para expresar un situación que es interrumpida por un pasado simple) I was watching TV when they arrived. (Principal Clause = I was watching TV ; Adverb Clause = when they arrived )

We can have the situation where an action in the simple past tense interrupts another action in the past progressive tense. This situation consists of a principal clause and an adverb clause .(usamos pasado progresivo para expresar un situación que es interrumpida por un pasado simple)

I was watching TV when they arrived. (Principal Clause = I was watching TV ; Adverb Clause = when they arrived )

We can also have a situation where both of the elements are in the past progressive tense. One element is a principal clause and the other is an adverb clause .(podemos usar pasado progresivo para expresar dos situaciones que ocurren en forma paralela) While Bill was sleeping , Mary was cleaning the house. (Principal Clause = Mary was cleaning the house ; Adverb Clause = while Bill was sleeping )

We can also have a situation where both of the elements are in the past progressive tense. One element is a principal clause and the other is an adverb clause .(podemos usar pasado progresivo para expresar dos situaciones que ocurren en forma paralela)

While Bill was sleeping , Mary was cleaning the house. (Principal Clause = Mary was cleaning the house ; Adverb Clause = while Bill was sleeping )

In a different sense, we can use the past progressive with a question using doing . (usamos pasado progresivo para preguntar lo que estaba haciendo) What was Bill doing yesterday at two o'clock? He was working .

In a different sense, we can use the past progressive with a question using doing .

(usamos pasado progresivo para preguntar lo que estaba haciendo)

What was Bill doing yesterday at two o'clock?

He was working .

Test Write the ing form of the verbs. 1.- live -> ………………… 2.-stay -> ………………… 3.-run -> …………………. 4.-win -> ………………….. 5.-cycle -> ………………….

Write the ing form of the verbs.

1.- live -> …………………

2.-stay -> …………………

3.-run -> ………………….

4.-win -> …………………..

5.-cycle -> ………………….

answers Write the ing form of the verbs. 1.- live -> …LIVING……………… 2.-stay -> …STAYING……………… 3.-run -> ……RUNNING……………. 4.-win -> ……WINNING…………….. 5.-cycle -> …CYCLING……………….

Write the ing form of the verbs.

1.- live -> …LIVING………………

2.-stay -> …STAYING………………

3.-run -> ……RUNNING…………….

4.-win -> ……WINNING……………..

5.-cycle -> …CYCLING……………….

Complete the table in past progressive. Positive negative question 1.-It was raining. ……………………………….. ……………………………………… 2.-…………………….. They were not playing. …………………………………….. 3.-………………………. ………………………………… Was I listening? 4.-…………………….. Caron was not eating. ………………………………………. 5.-You were singing. …………………………………. …………………………………….

Complete the table in past progressive.

Positive negative question

1.-It was raining. ……………………………….. ………………………………………

2.-…………………….. They were not playing. ……………………………………..

3.-………………………. ………………………………… Was I listening?

4.-…………………….. Caron was not eating. ……………………………………….

5.-You were singing. …………………………………. …………………………………….

answers Complete the table in past progressive. Positive negative question 1.-It was raining. It was not raining was it raining? 2 .-they were playing They were not playing. Were they playing? 3.- I was listening I was not listening Was I listening? 4 .-Carol is eating Carol was not eating. Was she eating? 5.-You were singing. You were not singing were you eating?

Complete the table in past progressive.

Positive negative question

1.-It was raining. It was not raining was it raining?

2 .-they were playing They were not playing. Were they playing?

3.- I was listening I was not listening Was I listening?

4 .-Carol is eating Carol was not eating. Was she eating?

5.-You were singing. You were not singing were you eating?

Was or Were? 1.-We ……………….dancing. 2.-The dog ………………barking. 3.-The printer……. printing out a photograph. 4.-The pupils…………… writing a test. 5.-Sue and Gareth ………walking up the hill.

Was or Were?

1.-We ……………….dancing.

2.-The dog ………………barking.

3.-The printer……. printing out a

photograph.

4.-The pupils…………… writing a test.

5.-Sue and Gareth ………walking up the

hill.

answers 1.-We …WERE…………….dancing. 2.-The dog ……WAS…………barking. 3.-The printer…WAS…. printing out a photograph. 4.-The pupils…WERE………… writing a test. 5.-Sue and Gareth …WERE……walking up the hill.

1.-We …WERE…………….dancing.

2.-The dog ……WAS…………barking.

3.-The printer…WAS…. printing out a

photograph.

4.-The pupils…WERE………… writing a test.

5.-Sue and Gareth …WERE……walking up the

hill.

Write sentences in past progressive 1.-he / the car / wash -> 2.-she / home / go -> 3.-they / not / the match / watch -> 4.-you / in the shop / work -> 5.-I / not / a magazine / read ->

1.-he / the car / wash ->

2.-she / home / go ->

3.-they / not / the match / watch ->

4.-you / in the shop / work ->

5.-I / not / a magazine / read ->

ANSWERS 1.-he / the car / wash -> He was washing the car. 2.-she / home / go -> She was going home. 3.-they / not / the match / watch -> They were not watching the match. 4.-you / in the shop / work ->You were working in the shop. 5.-I / not / a magazine / read -> I was reading a magazine.

1.-he / the car / wash -> He was washing the car.

2.-she / home / go -> She was going home.

3.-they / not / the match / watch -> They were not watching the

match.

4.-you / in the shop / work ->You were working in the shop.

5.-I / not / a magazine / read -> I was reading a magazine.

Write questions in past progressive. 1.-she / on a chair / sit -> 2.-you / your bag / pack -> 3.-he/ride/his horse -> 4.-we / tea / drink -> 5.-you / the bike / repair ->

1.-she / on a chair / sit ->

2.-you / your bag / pack ->

3.-he/ride/his horse ->

4.-we / tea / drink ->

5.-you / the bike / repair ->

answers 1.-she / on a chair / sit -> was she sitting on the chair? 2.-you / your bag / pack -> were you packing your bag? 3.-he/ride/his horse-> was he riding his hoirse? 4.-we / tea / drink -> were we drinking tea? 5.-you / the bike / repair ->were you repairing the bike?

1.-she / on a chair / sit -> was she sitting on the chair?

2.-you / your bag / pack -> were you packing your bag?

3.-he/ride/his horse-> was he riding his hoirse?

4.-we / tea / drink -> were we drinking tea?

5.-you / the bike / repair ->were you repairing the bike?

USE WH QUESTION WORDS WHEN (cuándo) WHAT (qué) WHERE (dónde) WHY (Por qué) WHO (quién) WHOM (a quién) WHOSE (cuya/as/os)

WHEN (cuándo)

WHAT (qué)

WHERE (dónde)

WHY (Por qué)

WHO (quién)

WHOM (a quién)

WHOSE (cuya/as/os)

Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence 1.-Jamie was doing a language course in London . -> 2.-Andrew was carrying a heavy box . ->

1.-Jamie was doing a language course in London . ->

2.-Andrew was carrying a heavy box . ->

answers 1.-Jamie was doing a language course in London . -> Where was Jamie doing a languaje course? 2.-Andrew was carrying a heavy box . -> What was Andrew carrying?

1.-Jamie was doing a language course in London . ->

Where was Jamie doing a languaje course?

2.-Andrew was carrying a heavy box . ->

What was Andrew carrying?

3.-The teacher was testing our English. -> 4.-At six o'clock , we were having dinner. -> 5.-Sally was hurrying to school because she was late . ->

3.-The teacher was testing our English. ->

4.-At six o'clock , we were having dinner. ->

5.-Sally was hurrying to school because she was late . ->

answers 3.-The teacher was testing our English. Who was testing our English? 4.-At six o'clock , we were having dinner. -> When were we having dinner? 5.-Sally was hurrying to school because she was late . -> Why was Sally hurrying to school?

3.-The teacher was testing our English.

Who was testing our English?

4.-At six o'clock , we were having dinner. ->

When were we having dinner?

5.-Sally was hurrying to school because she was late . ->

Why was Sally hurrying to school?

Miss Nora Guerra H. English Department .                

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