Parts of Speech

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Information about Parts of Speech

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: atiejay



Parts of Speech

Jowati Juhary, PhD

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. Nouns Pronouns Verbs Adverbs Adjectives Prepositions Determiners LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 2

• All things are called nouns • Countable Nouns (tables, chairs, books) • Non countable Nouns (sugar, water) • Concrete Nouns (tables, chairs, sugar, water) • Abstract Nouns (love, hate, idea) • Countable Nouns – can add ‘s’ at the end of the word to show plurality (tables, chairs) LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 3

• First, second and third person • First (I, we) • Second (you) • Third (she, he, it, they) • More pronouns /pronouns LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 4

• Action words • In each complete sentence – one main verb • Main Verb 1  Verb-to-be (am, is, are, was, were – root word = be) • Main Verb 2  walk, sleep, eat • Main Verb 3  put, cut (no spelling change regardless of tenses) • Auxiliary Verb  [modal + verb], [to + verb] (will attend, to make) LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 5

• how, when, where, to what extent, how often • Five roles a. To modify a verb He is fast b. To modify an adjective She is very pretty c. To modify another adverb He runs very fast d. To modify prepositional phrase They are studying quietly under the tree e. To describe the whole sentence Honestly, I do not like him LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 6

• Words that describes nouns • Sequence of adjectives in one sentence a. feelings, qualities or opinions b. size, age, temperature or measurement c. colour d. nationality or origin e. substances or materials The handkerchief is made from pretty old white French lace. LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 7

• Short words that usually stand in front of nouns • Prepositions of Time – on, in at • Prepositions of Place (Position & Direction) – by, next, under, below • Other important Prepositions – from, about, off • More information LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 8

• Short words that modify nouns • Quantifiers a. Countable Nouns – many, a few, few, several b. Non countable Nouns – not much, a little, a bit of c. Both – all, most of the, some, plenty of, lack of • Articles • Countable Nouns – a, an (singular), the (singular & plural) • Non countable Nouns – the LEL 1002 Parts of Speech 9

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