Part2am 2 BobTetrault

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Published on November 23, 2007

Author: Gavril

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Integrated Systems for Agriculture:  Integrated Systems for Agriculture Overview of USDA Foreign Agricultural Service. Mission of the Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division (PECAD) and estimating World Agricultural Production All source methodology and how FAS uses satellite imagery Integrated Systems Solution Information Delivery Daily Land Observations Systematic Vegetation Condition Measurements Rainfall Monitoring using TRMM-MPA Improving Global Water Availability Monitoring Research to Operations Characterization of Earth Observation Satellites/Sensors New Research Benchmarking Slide2:  1 of 2 examples of successful technology transfer from NASA to U.S. Federal Agencies LACIE & AgriStars pioneer programs for monitoring agriculture with satellites NRC, http://www.nap.edu/ssb/rapch2.htm FAS missions performed by Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division (PECAD):  FAS missions performed by Production Estimates and Crop Assessment Division (PECAD) Global Crop Production Information and Analysis core mission World Agriculture Production (WAP) World Agriculture Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) Market and Food Security Reporting FSA Early Warning and Crop Conditions program efficiency Domestic early warning and disaster response USDA Satellite Imagery Archive (SIA) program efficiency USDA space program leadership and centralized acquisition management Global Agriculture Monitoring and Reporting Role:  Monthly Reports Interagency Commodity Estimates Committees World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) RELIABLE OBJECTIVE TIMELY TRANSPARENT GLOBAL ACCURATE U.S. Crop Production (NASS) Foreign Crop Production (PECAD) SUPPLY Food Security Decisions Global Agriculture Monitoring and Reporting Role U.S. Demand (ERS,FSA, AMS) Foreign Demand (FAS, ERS) DEMAND Global Crop Production Information and Analysis:  Global Crop Production Information and Analysis PECAD reports estimates of area, yield and production for 80 countries. (384 country X commodity pairs) Information is updated monthly and can be found at: http://www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/wap.cfm Slide6:  Convergence of Evidence, All-Source Methodology PECAD Models and Expert Analysis How does the Foreign Agricultural Service use satellite imagery?:  How does the Foreign Agricultural Service use satellite imagery? Aids in yield analysis prior to harvest. Aids in crop identification and determining key growth stages. Aids in confirming or denying rumors and discovering unreported events. Why is it useful? Objective Reliable Timely WESTERN AUSTRALIAN SPOT NDVI:  Evaluate similar seasons based on vegetation index data. WESTERN AUSTRALIAN SPOT NDVI How does the Foreign Agricultural Service use satellite imagery?:  How does the Foreign Agricultural Service use satellite imagery? Aids in yield analysis prior to harvest. Aids in crop identification and determining key growth stages. Aids in confirming or denying rumors and discovering unreported events. Why is it useful? Objective Reliable Timely Slide10:  Satellite Data Over Important Agricultural Regions Canola Victoria, Australia Field-Level Time-Series Analysis Using Landsat TM Satellite Crop Stage and Field Activity Coverage: Multi-temporal over 112 days of the 170-day growing season. How does the Foreign Agricultural Service use satellite imagery?:  How does the Foreign Agricultural Service use satellite imagery? Aids in yield analysis prior to harvest. Aids in crop identification and determining key growth stages. Aids in confirming or denying rumors and discovering unreported events. Why is it useful? Objective Reliable Timely Slide12:  Independent information that supports or conflicts with in-country reports Supports – continue to monitor Conflicts – notify country, collect new data and analysis, resolve conflict (if possible) Information on Impacts of Disasters is needed quickly:  Information on Impacts of Disasters is needed quickly Hurricane Mitch Oct. 1998, Aguan Valley, Honduras Before After Tropical Oil Plantations Slide14:  NASA transfers technology to the user community through partnerships and an “integrated systems solution” model. Information Delivery WAP WASDE Crop Explorer Commodity Intelligence Reports Information Delivery:  www.pecad.fas.usda.gov/cropexplorer Crop Explorer: Standard Analysis Product Format for Analysis Information Delivery Assimilating NASA Results into FAS/PECAD:  Assimilating NASA Results into FAS/PECAD NASA-USDA/FAS Cost-Sharing Project Tasks: Daily Land Observations Systematic Vegetation Condition Measurements Rainfall Monitoring using TRMM-MPA Improving Global Water Availability Monitoring Slide17:  Daily Land Observations Slide18:  Daily Land Observations July 7, 2004 July 13, 2004 NASA-MODIS Rapid Response Products: SE Asia Floods (Bangladesh) Daily Land Observations from MODIS:  Daily Land Observations from MODIS Slide20:  Systematic Vegetation Condition Measurements Slide21:  Systematic Global Vegetation Indices Slide22:  Cross-Sensor Comparisons GIMMS @ NASA/GSFC Systematic Vegetation Condition Measurements Slide23:  TRMM Precipitation from NASA GSFC DAAC Coming soon PECAD DSS Integration Rainfall Monitoring Using TRMM-MPA Monitoring Global Water Availability:  Monitoring Global Water Availability Geopositional, Radiometric and Spatial Characterization (Joint Agency Commerical Imagery Evaluation) :  Geopositional, Radiometric and Spatial Characterization (Joint Agency Commerical Imagery Evaluation) Four targets of opportunity near SSC were selected that are 100s of meters across Two gravel pit sand sites Large monoculture fields Cut grass-amateur golf course Specific Target Areas Highlighted Preparing for Future NASA Results:  Preparing for Future NASA Results Transition from Research to Operations: Daily Land Observations Systematic Vegetation Condition Measurements Rainfall Monitoring using TRMM-MPA Improving Global Water Availability Monitoring Prepare for MODIS -> NPP -> NPOESS Landsat Data Continuity [http://ldcm.nasa.gov] Future of Land Imaging [http://landimaging.gov] GEOSS/JACIE [http:usgeo.gov] New Research (SBIR and other funding) Benchmarking Do the new NASA results improve decision making? NASA Earth Observing Systems:  Aqua* Aura CHAMP Cluster (with ESA) FAST GOES-M* Geotail (with Japan) GRACE* ICESat* JASON-1* EO-1* Landsat-7* NOAA-M(POES) Polar QuickSCAT SAGE III (with Russia) SeaWinds* (with Japan) SORCE TERRA* TIMED TRMM* (with Japan) *Land observations NASA Earth Observing Systems AIM Aquarius CALIPSO CloudSat CINDI GOES Series* GPM* LDCM* NPP* NPOESS* OSTM OCO *Land observations Current Planned Contact Information:  Contact Information Bob Tetrault Robert.tetrault@usda.gov 202 690-0130

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