Parenting Style

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Information about Parenting Style

Published on October 5, 2010

Author: slubaguio


Adult Role in Developing Coping Strategies : Adult Role in Developing Coping Strategies Parenting Styles Parenting Styles : Parenting Styles During the early 1960s, psychologist Diana Baumrind conducted a study on more than 100 preschool-age children (Baumrind, 1967). Using naturalistic observation, parental interviews and other research methods, she identified four important dimensions of parenting: Four Parenting Styles : Four Parenting Styles 1. Authoritarian Parenting 2. Authoritative Parenting 3. Permissive Parenting 4. Uninvolved Parenting Authoritarian Parenting : Authoritarian Parenting In this style of parenting, children are expected to follow the strict rules established by the parents. Failure to follow such rules usually results in punishment. Authoritarian parents fail to explain the reasoning behind these rules. If asked to explain, the parent might simply reply, "Because I said so." These parents have high demands, but are not responsive to their children. According to Baumrind, these parents "are obedience- and status-oriented, and expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation" . Authoritative Parenting : Authoritative Parenting Like authoritarian parents, those with an authoritative parenting style establish rules and guidelines that their children are expected to follow. However, this parenting style is much more democratic. Authoritative parents are responsive to their children and willing to listen to questions. When children fail to meet the expectations, these parents are more nurturing and forgiving rather than punishing. Authoritative Parenting : Authoritative Parenting Baumrind suggests that these parents "monitor and impart clear standards for their children’s conduct. They are assertive, but not intrusive and restrictive. Their disciplinary methods are supportive, rather than punitive. They want their children to be assertive as well as socially responsible, and self-regulated as well as cooperative Permissive Parenting : Permissive Parenting Permissive parents, sometimes referred to as indulgent parents, have very few demands to make of their children. These parents rarely discipline their children because they have relatively low expectations of maturity and self-control. Permissive parents "are more responsive than they are demanding. They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behavior, allow considerable self-regulation, and avoid confrontation" . Permissive parents are generally nurturing and communicative with their children, often taking on the status of a friend more than that of a parent. Uninvolved Parenting : Uninvolved Parenting An uninvolved parenting style is characterized by few demands, low responsiveness and little communication. While these parents fulfill the child's basic needs, they are generally detached from their child's life. In extreme cases, these parents may even reject or neglect the needs of their children. The Impact of Parenting Styles : The Impact of Parenting Styles Authoritarian parenting styles generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient, but they rank lower in happiness, social competence and self-esteem. Authoritive parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable and successful (Maccoby, 1992). The Impact of Parenting Styles : The Impact of Parenting Styles Permissive parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation. These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school. Uninvolved parenting styles rank lowest across all life domains. These children tend to lack self-control, have low self-esteem and are less competent than their peers. Stress Management : Stress Management What Is Stress? Stress is the emotional and physical strain caused by our response to pressure from the outside world. Common stress reactions include tension, irritability, inability to concentrate, and a variety of physical symptoms that include headache and a fast heartbeat. What Is Stress? : What Is Stress? It's almost impossible to live without some stress. And most of us wouldn't want to, because it gives life some spice and excitement. But if stress gets out of control, it may harm your health, your relationships, and your enjoyment of life. Stress management : Stress management The effects of stress The effects of stress on us are physical, cognitive and behavioral. Stress affects our bodies and thoughts and can eventually debilitate us. It triggers primitive reactions and we cope with it in ways that are often dysfunctional. Conservative Stress Management : Conservative Stress Management Stress occurs in the body, felt as physical muscular tension Physical exercise works by giving the body the workout that it is designed to receive. The body then does the relaxing that it is supposed to do. When muscles are tired, they are forced to let go and relax. Exercise can also be gentler, and combined with meditative techniques, such as Yoga. Conservative Stress Management : Conservative Stress Management Direct relaxation is usually done in conjunction with something that distracts the mind from those things that are causing stress. Thus watching a movie or reading a book whilst sitting in a nice comfortable armchair is a great method for many people NLP Stress Management : NLP Stress Management Simple and powerful tool from the field of Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP )to relieve stress/fear 1. Think of a situation where you feel fear. 2. Dissociate: See yourself in the situation like you would a movie with you in it. 3. Imagine running the memory from the END of the fearful situation, BACKWARDS to the START. Do this very fast in less then 1 second! NLP Stress Management : NLP Stress Management 4. Think of some music that makes you feel the opposite of fear. For example soothing classical music makes you feel relaxed. Perhaps certain rock or dance music makes you feel energized /courageous etc. 5. Now hear the music, nice and loud, inside your mind whilst looking at yourself going through the situation from START to END. NLP Stress Management : NLP Stress Management 6. Break state. Now think of the situation you choose in Step 1 and notice how your fearful feelings have diminished. 7. What will you see or hear just before you want this new feeling to set in? Exercise : Exercise DR.A. ANAND,PhD : DR.A. ANAND,PhD

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