Paraphrasing Tips

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Information about Paraphrasing Tips
Education

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: ATCMedia

Source: slideshare.net

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Tips for paraphrasing when writing a research paper

PARAPHRASING TIPS Say it in your own words!

STEPS TO BETTER PARAPHRASING…  Identify the main idea. Understand the meaning of the sentence/paragraph as a whole.  Change the words and the word order.  Change the structure of the sentence/paragraph.  Write about it in a different way.  Look away from the text as you write. Imagine that you are explaining this to someone else who has not read it.

DO NOT… Just substitute synonyms for a few key words. Keep the same sentence or paragraph structure. Keep the same, unique style and word choice.

FOR EXAMPLE… Original: “With his tattoo-splattered physique, piercing deep-set eyes, and shaved head, Tupac Amaru Shakur came across as middle America's worst nightmare, the darkest strain of hip-hop.” Unacceptable paraphrase: With his tattoo-decorated body, stabbing intense eyes, and bald head, Tupac Amaru Shakur came across as mainstream America’s biggest headache, the bad example of hip-hop. Better paraphrase: Many mainstream Americans might have been threatened by the tatted, skinhead hip-hop artist, Tupac Amaru Shakur.

BUT REMEMBER, EVEN IF YOU SUCCESSFULLY PARAPHRASE… You MUST cite the source of your information! Internal citation: Many mainstream Americans might have been threatened by the tatted, skinhead hip-hop artist, Tupac Amaru Shakur ("Tupac Shakur"). Works Cited citation: "Tupac Shakur." UXL Biographies. Detroit: U*X*L, 2003. Student Resources In Context. Web. 10 Sept. 2013.

NOW YOU TRY IT… The twenties were the years when drinking was against the law, and the law was a bad joke because everyone knew of a local bar where liquor could be had. They were the years when organized crime ruled the cities, and the police seemed powerless to do anything against it. Classical music was forgotten while jazz spread throughout the land, and men like Bix Beiderbecke, Louis Armstrong, and Count Basie became the heroes of the young. The flapper was born in the twenties, and with her bobbed hair and short skirts, she symbolized, perhaps more than anyone or anything else, America's break with the past. From Kathleen Yancey, English 102 Supplemental Guide (1989): 25 “Paraphrasing Exercises.” Purdue OWL. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/02/.

POSSIBLE PARAPHRASE ACCORDING TO THE PURDUE ONLINE WRITING LAB… During the twenties lawlessness and social nonconformity prevailed. In cities organized crime flourished without police interference, and in spite of nationwide prohibition of liquor sales, anyone who wished to buy a drink knew where to get one. Musicians like Louis Armstrong become favorites, particularly among young people, as many turned away from highly respectable classical music to jazz. One of the best examples of the anti- traditional trend was the proliferation of young "flappers," women who rebelled against custom by cutting off their hair and shortening their skirts (Yancey 25).

MORE STUFF TO CONFUSE YOU FURTHER…  https://www.dlsweb.rmit.edu.au/lsu/content/4_Writin gSkills/writing_tuts/paraphrase_LL/activity.html  http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/1/  http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/QPA_paraphrase2 .html

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