Paradigm Shifts in Institutional Research

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Published on January 15, 2008

Author: Umberto

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Paradigm Shifts in Institutional Research:  Paradigm Shifts in Institutional Research Dr. Daina Paupe Henry College of William and Mary SAIR 2005 – Charleston, SC Or “Who Moved My Cheese?” By Spencer Johnson, M.D. :  Or “Who Moved My Cheese?” By Spencer Johnson, M.D. “Who moved my cheese?”:  “Who moved my cheese?” “Once, long ago in a land far away, there lived four little characters who ran through a Maze looking for cheese to nourish them and make them happy.” Their names were Sniff, Scurry, Hem and Haw. Where did the cheese go?:  Where did the cheese go? Sniff:  Sniff Scurry:  Scurry Hem:  Hem Haw:  Haw “Who took my cheese?”:  “Who took my cheese?” Haw’s advice to Hem:  Haw’s advice to Hem Having “cheese” makes you happy. The more important your “cheese” is to you, the more you want to hold on to it (or to get it back, when it is missing.) Exercise 1:  Exercise 1 What is your “cheese”? What makes you happy? What would make you happy? What is the best “cheese” in the world? On the paper labeled Exercise 1, make a list of three things that make you happy- something which if taken away you would want to get back? Haw’s clue on adaptation:  Haw’s clue on adaptation If you do not adapt to “new cheese”, you can become extinct. Haw’s advice on fear:  Haw’s advice on fear What would or could you do if you were not afraid? When you stop feeling afraid, you can start to feel good. Haw and cognitive dissonance:  Haw and cognitive dissonance Imagining yourself enjoying your new cheese can lead you to it. Haw’s advice on environmental scanning:  Haw’s advice on environmental scanning Smell the cheese often - so you know when it is getting old. Movement in a new direction helps you find cheese. Haw’s words on getting to your goal:  Haw’s words on getting to your goal The quicker you let go of old cheese, the sooner you find new cheese. It is better to search in the maze, than remain in a cheese-less situation. Courage quotes:  Courage quotes “When I am holding on to the past, I don’t have my hands free to reach the future.” “To cross an ocean, you have to leave sight of land.” Haw puts first things first:  Haw puts first things first Noticing small changes early helps you adapt to the bigger changes that are to come. Haw puts it into perspective:  Haw puts it into perspective Haw started to change as soon as he had learned to laugh at himself and at what he had been doing wrong. “NEW CHEESE!!!”:  “NEW CHEESE!!!” Exercise 2:  Exercise 2 The situation just described happens everyday. On the paper with the mice, think about a business/personal situation you have experienced. Label the cartoons Hem, Haw, Sniff and Scurry with the initials of the people who fit those characteristics. Label the old and new cheese. Dictionary definition of paradigm:  Dictionary definition of paradigm “a philosophical and theoretical framework of a scientific school or discipline within which theories, laws, and generalizations and the experiments performed in support of them are formulated” What is a paradigm?:  What is a paradigm? They are a set of assumptions, beliefs, philosophies, and “ways of doing things”. They are habits and processes. And until they change, we usually don’t notice them. What are paradigm shifts?:  What are paradigm shifts? Paradigm shifts are changes from one way of thinking to another. It is a different view of the same thing. It is a change in perspective. How and when do they happen?:  How and when do they happen? Paradigm shifts happen everyday. New technology. New knowledge. New people. New circumstances. Thomas Kuhn:  Thomas Kuhn “Structure of Scientific Revolutions” Galileo and Einstein Process of change in science. Why are there paradigm shifts?:  Why are there paradigm shifts? Change happens (*&##!!#$% happens). Change is inevitable. Exercise 3:  Exercise 3 On the sheet labeled Exercise 3, list at least 1 but no more than five things that never, ever, ever change, not in the slightest. Compare your list with the person next to you. Be prepared to discuss your answers. “The Handwriting on the Wall”:  “The Handwriting on the Wall” Change happens Anticipate change Monitor change Adapt to the change quickly Change yourself Enjoy change Be ready to change again… Change quotes:  Change quotes “For everything there is a season, there is a time to reap and a time to sow, a time to live, and a time to die.” “We cannot change the wind, but we can adjust the sails.” Exercise 4:  Exercise 4 You have been provided with a copy of the Holmes Rahe Stress Test. Please take 5 minutes to complete the test and grade yourself. What knowledge did you gain from this? Change is inevitable.:  Change is inevitable. The Holmes Rahe Test is a test of stress – most of the items imply a change of some sort to your life. Notice Christmas and vacations are on the list. Break time…:  Break time… Two types of change:  Two types of change There are basically two types of change in life: ones that you can control and ones that you cannot. Serenity Prayer:  Serenity Prayer “God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.” Exercise 5:  Exercise 5 On the sheet labeled Exercise 5, there is a list of changes. For those you have no control over draw an arrow to the left. For those you do have control over draw an arrow to the right. What can you conclude? Two types of change:  Two types of change You cannot control external events. You can control internal ones. And most importantly, you can control YOUR REACTION to external events. Psychology of change:  Psychology of change When situations change two things happen: Assimilation Accomodation Psychology of change:  Psychology of change Kubler Ross 5 stages of grief: Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance Adjusting to change.:  Adjusting to change. Hem never changed his reaction to an external event. Hem never became proactive, never took control. Exercise 6:  Exercise 6 First, on the sheet labeled Exercise 6, what would you change about yourself if you could? Second, what would you change about the world around you? Lastly, how could you change to make the change in number 2 happen? What can we learn from Sniff, Scurry and Haw?:  What can we learn from Sniff, Scurry and Haw? Sniff:  Sniff Scurry:  Scurry Haw:  Haw Change comes from within:  Change comes from within “You can lead a horse to water, but you cannot make it drink.” Covey’s 7 habits and change:  Covey’s 7 habits and change Be proactive – I am in control of my world and its changes. The cheese is gone and what am I going to do about it. Begin with the end in mind.:  Begin with the end in mind. The cheese is gone. I want cheese. I must therefore find new cheese. Visualize what new cheeses you can find. Put first things first.:  Put first things first. Start with the first step. Take a step into the maze. Write on the walls. The first step to change is acceptance:  The first step to change is acceptance “The journey of a thousand miles, begins with the first step.” “Beware the first step outside your door, you never know where it will lead you.” Think Win/Win.:  Think Win/Win. Imagine all the cheese in the world. Haw goes back to try to convince Hem to find new cheese. Sniff and Scurry do not hide the cheese or keep Haw from having some also. Seek to understand, then to be understood.:  Seek to understand, then to be understood. Assess what happened. Try to communicate. Write on the walls. Read the handwriting on the wall. Synergize.:  Synergize. Write on the wall so others can follow. Creative cooperation – Sniff and Scurry worked together. Sharpen the saw.:  Sharpen the saw. As Haw wrote on the wall, “be prepared to change again”. The cheese will move. Adapt to change. Haw laughed at himself as he reflected. Change as the precursor to opportunity:  Change as the precursor to opportunity “When life gives you lemons, make lemonade.” “Bloom where you are planted.” Exercise 7:  Exercise 7 On the sheet of paper, think back on a situation when you were “without cheese”. How did you respond? Change is relative:  Change is relative Sometimes it is slow, sometimes it is fast Sometimes we don’t even know we are changing. Sometimes it is big, and sometimes it is little. We need to put it in perspective. I am sitting still, moving rapidly at a million miles per hour… Even galaxies change…:  Even galaxies change… Henry table of change:  Henry table of change Small change is easier than big change:  Small change is easier than big change E of Is less than E of E=effort, triangle=change. Get ready to shift your paradigm.:  Get ready to shift your paradigm. Any questions? dphenr@wm.edu

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