Palliative Care vs. Hospice Care

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Information about Palliative Care vs. Hospice Care
Health & Medicine

Published on March 13, 2014

Author: crosskeysvillage



Our goal is to cover the wide areas of overlap and similarities between the two disciplines, and to also make the differences between the two clearer for you.

Thursday, February 13, 2014 Palliative Care vs. Hospice Care: What’s the Difference? Cross Keys Village – The Brethren Home Community Visiting Nurse Association of Hanover and Spring Grove

Palliative Care vs. Hospice Care • Our goal this morning is to cover the wide areas of overlap and similarities between the two disciplines, and to also make the differences between the two clearer for you. • VNA is one of the regular hospice providers at Cross Keys Village, and in the greater community. • A small wing of the Health Care Center at Cross Keys Village is usually being used by palliative and hospice patients.

Palliative Care vs. Hospice Care • The core of Palliative care and Hospice care are the same: to provide comfort and pain/symptom management and optimize quality of life. • Hospice patients receive Palliative care, but not every Palliative care patient will enter Hospice. • The goals of Palliative care and Hospice care are different, and depend on what the patient wants to accomplish.

What is Palliative Care? • Palliative care improves the quality of life for patients with serious illnesses by relieving symptoms, pain and stress. • Palliative care can happen at any point during a patient's illness. • Often accompanies other kinds of treatment.

What is Hospice Care? • Hospice is a care program that provides assistance to those individuals who have an incurable disease and have chosen not to pursue any further aggressive treatment. • Hospice considers the patient and family/caregivers as one unit of care – provides support for all. • Hospice care is provided wherever a patient calls “home.”

Why Palliative Care? • Aggressive measures for control of pain and other distressing symptoms • Better quality and often longer life, with neither quality or quantity achieved at the other’s expense • More goal centered • Interdisciplinary team of caregivers, participating in holistic care of patient and family

Why Hospice Care? • Provides physical, emotional and spiritual support to individuals at end of life • Helps patients remain in their home • Offers pain and symptom management • Helps individuals live the best that they can with what they have been given • Focuses on quality of life more than quantity

Who is eligible for Palliative Care? • Patients with life-limiting diseases who may still be seeking curative treatment • Sufferers of chronic conditions which require aggressive pain management and symptom management • May not have a terminal prognosis

Who is eligible for Hospice Care? • An individual who has a life expectancy of six months or less if the terminal illness runs its normal course, as determined by a physician, and… • …is no longer seeking aggressive treatment

Palliative Care Payment • Palliative care is paid like any other medical care, via insurance or Medicare. • The Palliative care physician is usually a general practitioner or a geriatrician with additional certifications.

Hospice Care Payment • Medicare and Medical Assistance – Hospice care is paid per diem (paid a set amount per day, varies from county to county) • Private insurances – Coverage varies, but most offer a hospice benefit

What Hospice Must Provide • As part of per diem payment, hospice is responsible for all items which are related to the palliation and management of the terminal illness and related conditions, including: – Medications – Treatments – Catheter/wound supplies – Blood work – Procedures – Therapy – Hospitalization – Durable medical equipment (DME) – Ambulance transport, as needed

Levels of Hospice Care • Routine Home Care – Regular visits made by Hospice team members; provided in the home setting • Continuous Care (billed hourly) – For patient symptom management only – cannot be used for caregiver breakdown – 51% of the service must be RN/LPN level – Social work/counselor does not count towards the time

Levels of Hospice Care, cont. • Respite – For caregiver relief – A five-day stay at a contracted facility • General Inpatient – Admission to a hospital or inpatient Hospice unit for symptoms that cannot managed at home – Short stay to get patient controlled and home – An actively dying patient does not automatically qualify for this level

Hospice Team Members • Core – Hospice Medical Director/Attending Physician – Hospice Nurse – Hospice Social Worker – Hospice Spiritual Counselor/Bereavement Counselor • Support Service – Hospice Aide/Homemaker – Patient Care Volunteer – Physical, Occupational, or Speech Therapist (as appropriate)

About VNA Hospice • Program started in 1980; one of the oldest in the area • Serves southwestern York County and all of Adams County • Non-profit, community-based • Volunteer Board of Directors • Will accept any patient, regardless of their ability to pay or the severity of their medical need • Staff live within the community they serve; allows for faster response time when it matters most

About CKV Health Care Center • 270 beds, MedA and MA certified • Serves Hanover, Gettysburg, York triangle • Non-profit, faith-based • Large charitable element to Mission (uncompensated care)


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