Pakistan RSpresentation

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Information about Pakistan RSpresentation
Travel-Nature

Published on March 30, 2008

Author: Amateur

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  by: Mr. Aizaz Ahmed. PE, PTOE Executive Director NATIONAL ROAD SAFETY SECRETARIAT Ministry of Communications Government Of Pakistan Road Safety In Pakistan at UNESCAP Expert Group Meeting On Improving Road Safety June 21-22, 2007 Bangkok, Thailand Presentation Overview:  Presentation Overview 2 Reported Fatal and Non-Fatal Crashes In Pakistan:  3 Reported Fatal and Non-Fatal Crashes In Pakistan Source: National Police Bureau 3 Asian Highway Network In Pakistan :  Asian Highway Network In Pakistan Length of the Asian Highway Network is 4964km 1.26 causalities per kilometer 0.30 fatalities per kilometer National Trends in Road Crashes based on Health Sector /National Injury Survey data:  National Trends in Road Crashes based on Health Sector /National Injury Survey data 5 5 Distribution of Injuries by Causes in Pakistan:  Distribution of Injuries by Causes in Pakistan Source:- National Injury Survey of Pakistan 6 Vulnerable Road Users:  Vulnerable Road Users Pedestrians Public transportation vehicle users motorcyclists Mostly poor people are involved in road crashes Economic Cost/Spending on Road Safety:  Economic Cost/Spending on Road Safety 8 Vehicle Production in Pakistan :  Vehicle Production in Pakistan Source: Indus Motors Pakistan Motorization:  Motorization ( Cars per 1000 persons ) Main reasons for the poor road safety record:  Main reasons for the poor road safety record 11 Pakistan Road Safety Issues:  Pakistan Road Safety Issues Institutional Road Users Public Transportation Road Infrastructure Vehicle Safety Enforcement Legislation Regulation Hospital/Emergency Response Institutional Issue :  Institutional Issue Lack of coordination, cooperation, collaboration among safety stakeholders. Insufficient allocation of financial and human resources to road safety program. Lack of Institutional capacity in Road Safety and Road Safety Champions within highway agencies. Institutional Issue (Contd):  Institutional Issue (Contd) Unavailability of trained Traffic Operation Engineers and Road Safety Auditors. Lack of training and educational opportunities to road safety professional. Dependency on high cost international Consultants. Most critical of the above is lack of Road Safety Champions within highway agencies. This is the first step in building the institutional capacity for road safety. Road Users Issue:  Road Users Issue Pedestrians prefer J-waking. Most of children walk to school unaccomplished by an adult. Pedestrians walking on road under dark condition do not pay any attention to make them visible. Use of cell phone while driving, walking and even motor-biking is increasing day by day. No rule has yet been made for pedestrian country wide. Public Transportation Issue:  Public Transportation Issue Upto 20 years old public transportation vehicles are plying on our roadway. Shortage of public transportation is causing overloading of Public vehicles. Lack of government run public transportation has resulted into many small transportation companies and those are difficult to regulate. Road Infrastructure Issue :  Road Infrastructure Issue Road side hazards is big issue in Pakistan Work Zones are poorly designed and MPT devices used does not meet the international standards. There is no pay item for MPT in the construction contracts. There is no policy on U-Turns. The illegal U-Turns made by the business owners are causing road crashes. Road Infrastructure Issue (Contd):  Road Infrastructure Issue (Contd) Underpass chocked during rain making them unusable. Parking space is not available in the major cities, leading to congestion and road crashes due to unauthorized parked vehicles. The driver expectancy has been arisen due to better designed and built motorways which creates safety problem on road network other than motorway. There is no QC/QA mechanism in place for road safety design. Vehicle Safety Issue:  Vehicle Safety Issue Illegal fabrication of cargo vehicles/trucks Illegal High intensity lights are being used by the drivers, which are a cause of glare and crashes during night time. Drivers are not aware of proper use of fog lights. Vehicle safety inspection is performed only on public transportation vehicles. Enforcement Issue :  Enforcement Issue Lack of centralized licensing and registration data Lack of basic enforcement equipments Extended shift hours and low salary Legislation Regulation Issue :  Legislation Regulation Issue Highway Ordinance and Motor vehicle Ordinance along with their rules need be consolidated in one document. Safety Ordinance yet have to be adopted by the provincial governments and rules have to be formulated. Generally public is not aware of their legal rights/options in case of a road crash. The third party vehicle insurance is mostly fake. Furthermore, it only covers the passengers inside the vehicle, not even the passengers of other vehicle involved in the crash. Legislation Regulation (Contd):  Legislation Regulation (Contd) There is no legislation for securing cargo container on trailers and to bring those responsible for this criminal act to justice. Current fine structure is not helpful in changing the driver behavior. Fatal Accident Act, 1855 and Motor Vehicle Ordinance, 1965 are outdated. Hospital/Emergency Response :  Hospital/Emergency Response State of the art trauma centers are generally not available in Pakistan. With exception to Lahore City, there is no government or hospital based ambulance service for crash incidents response. Typically no advance information of crash victim is received in hospitals from first responder to the scene. EDHI/ similar services merely provide transportation service as their ambulances are not well equipped and typically staff is not trained to provide basic life support. Action taken by GOP:  Action taken by GOP National Road Safety Secretariat (NRSS) was established as lead road safety agency under the Ministry of Communications (MOC). NRSS is developing Pakistan’s first ever National Road Safety Plan which is expected to be finalized and adopted by fall of this year. NRSS is also plan to form Stakeholder committee to engage private sector in road safety. Action taken by GOP (Contd):  Action taken by GOP (Contd) A Road Safety Plan has been prepared for the rural Sindh by Road Sector Development Directorate (RSDD), Works & Services Department, Government of Sindh. National Highway and Motorway Police has extended its coverage areas to N-25 RCD (Karachi-Chaman) and Costal Highway Punjab Traffic Warden Program has been introduced in five big cities. Model Emergency Rescue Service Medical Service, (Rescue 1122) has been equipped with state of the art equipment for rescue and emergency response. Action taken by GOP (Contd):  Action taken by GOP (Contd) ITP is working to streamline licensing issuance procedure and has developed education program for drivers. Draft National Transportation policy has been prepared by NTRC which also has a section on road safety. Priority targeted areas for Road Safety in Pakistan :  Priority targeted areas for Road Safety in Pakistan Institutional capacity building Development of National Road Safety Databank Motorcycle Safety Pedestrian/Bike safety Roadside design Road safety Audits Pre-hospital care Training and education of commercial drivers Development of National Road Safety Fund Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan :  Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan Sustained political will and ownership at the highest level Multi-sectoral approach Establish National Road Safety fund. Institute Provincial Road Safety bodies with professional and financial support; Effective and functional institutional framework be built to develop and implement polices. Institutions to be restructured and bottlenecks be removed to achieve the road safety targets. 28 Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd):  Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd) NRSS be established on permanent basis to regulate resources and to coordinate road safety efforts at national level. Organizational set-up be extended upto district level to achieve targeted goals, to translate & implement policy and to coordinate activity at grass root level. Source of data provision be identified and its accuracy & consistency for documentation be ensured. RSA be made mandatory for all projects costing RS. 10 Million or more and develop training program for RSA. 29 Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd):  Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd) Establish Traffic Engineering & Safety Directorate within highway agencies. Develop National Policy on Road Safety covering both preventive and post-crash aspects. Road Safety Park should be established in major cities to educate children. Mass Public Transit System such as Light Rail and/or Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) be introduced in major cities. Uniform vehicle inspection centers for the public service vehicles be established around the country. Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd):  Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd) Speed Monitoring device be installed in public transportation buses and concept of self enforcement among private transporter be introduced. Congestion management program be developed in urban areas Separate lane for motorcyclist should be considered in urban arteries Centralized licensing and vehicle registration system should be introduced initially at provincial level. Development of Incident Management Centers Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd):  Agenda for Road Safety In Pakistan (Contd) Establishment of Satellite Resuscitation (Life Support) Center Provision of Spinal Boards to ambulance services Improvement of Hospital based ambulance services Provision of Air transportation option in urban cities Conclusion :  Conclusion Road traffic crashes are predictable and therefore preventable. Road users in Pakistan deserve better and safer road travel. Plan and design roadway considering human factors. 33 Conclusion (Contd):  Conclusion (Contd) Stable and sufficient flow of funds for road safety is essential. Support of Government of Pakistan and International donors/lenders agencies is very vital for the success of Pakistan Road Safety Program. Slide35:  03/28/2008

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