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Published on November 13, 2007

Author: Megane

Source: authorstream.com

The Pacific Theatre of World War II:  The Pacific Theatre of World War II An overview by Matthew Baumann The Pacific Ocean:  Japan USA Canada Australia China SE Asia The Pacific Ocean The Pacific War:  The Pacific War Dates: July 7, 1937 - August 14, 1945 Began with the Second Sino-Japanese war, between China and Japan Concluded with Japan’s surrender to the Allied powers Prelude to War:  Prelude to War Japan seeks to establish “The Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” “a bloc of Asian nations led by the Japanese and free of Western powers” Invasions of Manchuria and Korea follow Three political forces in Japan: Emperor Hirohito Civilian Government Military branches The army informs the civilian gov’t of the Manchuria campaign two months after it begins. Prewar:  Prewar 1932:  1932 1937:  1937 1940:  1940 1941:  1941 Attack on Pearl Harbour:  Attack on Pearl Harbour Dec 7, 1941. “A day that will live in infamy” Pearl Harbour:  Pearl Harbour Fleet Admiral Yamamoto:  Fleet Admiral Yamamoto Fleet Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto “The US fleet is a dagger pointed at our throat and must be destroyed.” “I can run wild for six months,after that, I have no expectation of success.” - Yamamoto, during discussions on the planned Pearl Harbour Attack Japanese Aircraft:  Mitsubishi A6M “Zero” Fighter Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber Aichi D3A dive bomber Japanese Aircraft The Attack:  The Attack The Attack:  The Attack Aftermath:  Aftermath "Being saturated and satiated with emotion and sensation, I went to bed and slept the sleep of the saved and thankful.” - Winston Churchill 1941:  1941 1942:  1942 The Battle Of Midway:  The Battle Of Midway June 4-7 1942 6 months after Pearl Harbour Yamamoto seeks to capture Midway atoll and thus confront and destroy the US Navy’s carrier forces. Midway Order of Battle:  Midway Order of Battle US forces: 3 carriers ~50 support ships 233 carrier aircraft 127 land-based aircraft Japanese forces: 4 carriers 7 battleships ~150 support ships 248 carrier aircraft 16 floatplanes Plan of Attack:  Plan of Attack The Battle of Midway:  The Battle of Midway The first major carrier vs. carrier engagement Decided by cryptanalysis, tactics, radar, pilot skill, weather, and luck. The Battle of Midway:  The Battle of Midway Scouts from the US fleet find the Japanese Fleet first A delayed scout means the Japanese fleet receives a warning of US carriers only minutes before the first US planes attack After losing many planes in ineffective strikes, US dive bombers manage to set three Japanese carriers on fire. A Japanese counterstrike does heavy damage to one US carrier Japanese battleships never see combat The Battle of Midway:  The Battle of Midway US forces: 3 carriers, 1 lost ~50 support ships, 1 destroyer lost 360 aircraft, 98 lost 307 dead Japanese forces: 4 carriers, 4 lost 7 battleships, 0 lost ~150 support ships, 1 cruiser lost 264 aircraft, 228 lost 3058 dead 1943-1944:  1943-1944 Strategic Bombing:  Strategic Bombing B-29 Superfortress bombers Island-Hopping Warfare:  Island-Hopping Warfare American and Australian troops land in Borneo Island-Hopping Warfare:  Island-Hopping Warfare American Troops assaulting Iwo Jima 1944-1945:  1944-1945 The Final Year:  The Final Year The US retakes the Philippines in a long and costly campaign. Borneo, Iwo Jima and the Okinawa fall, with heavy losses on both sides. The military leadership of Japan refuses to give up, in spite of the loss of the bulk of their forces. An edict is issued, ordering civilians on the main Japanese islands to construct bamboo spears and meet the invaders on the beaches. US Bombers produce a firestorm in Tokyo, killing 100,000 people in two days. The US, Britain and China issue the Potsdam Declaration, demanding Japan’s surrender. Nuclear Strikes:  Nuclear Strikes Aug 6, 1945. Uranium bomb “Little Boy” dropped on Hiroshima, killing 140,000 Aug 9, 1945. Plutonium bomb “Fat Man” dropped on Nagasaki, killing 74,000 Japan Surrenders:  Japan Surrenders Representatives of Japan’s Foreign Ministry, Army and Navy appear to sign the surrender aboard USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay The Cost:  The Cost 2,000,000 Japanese Soldiers dead 300,000 Allied Soldiers dead 600,000 - 1,000,000 Japanese civilians dead 11,000 American civilians dead 60,000 Korean civilians dead Mass devastation of Japanese infrastructure Indigenous people of north and western Pacific islands devastated by disease, cultural contamination, collateral damage, and atrocities. The list continues… Image Credits:  Image Credits Slide 1: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:USS_Yorktown_hit-740px.jpg - From Wikipedia Slide 2: Image Captured From Google Earth Slide 3: Flag images from Wikipedia Slide 5+:Map of Japanese Empire: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Japanese_Empire2.png from Wikipedia Slides 10,11,12: Images from Wikipedia Slide 13: Images from Warbird Alley and Wikipedia Slides 14,15,16: Image from Wikipedia and the US National Archives Slide 19: Midway Atoll Photo from Wikipedia Slide 21: Midway Attack Plan Map from www.historychannel.com Slide 26: B-29 Images from the University of San Diego, http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/st/~plewis/ and Wikipedia Slides 27-32: Image from Wikipedia

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