Oxy acetylene welding

50 %
50 %
Information about Oxy acetylene welding

Published on March 5, 2014

Author: vicky937

Source: slideshare.net

Oxyacetylene Welding (OAW) • by WAQAS AHMED

Oxyacetylene Welding (OAW) The oxyacetylene welding process uses a combination of oxygen and acetylene gas to provide a high temperature flame.

Oxyacetylene Welding (OAW) • OAW is a manual process in which the welder must personally control the the torch movement and filler rod application • The term oxyfuel gas welding outfit refers to all the equipment needed to weld. • Cylinders contain oxygen and acetylene gas at extremely high pressure.

Typical Oxyacetylene Welding (OAW) Station

Oxygen Cylinders • Oxygen is stored within cylinders of various sizes and pressures ranging from 20002640 PSI. (Pounds Per square inch) • Oxygen cylinders are forged from solid armor plate steel. No part of the cylinder may be less than 1/4” thick. • Cylinders are then tested to over 3,300 PSI using a (NDE) hydrostatic pressure test.

Oxygen Cylinders • Cylinders are regularly re-tested using hydrostatic (NDE) while in service • Cylinders are regularly chemically cleaned and annealed to relieve “jobsite” stresses created by handling .

Oxygen Cylinders • Oxygen cylinders incorporate a thin metal “pressure safety disk” made from stainless steel and are designed to rupture prior to the cylinder becoming damaged by pressure. • The cylinder valve should always be handled carefully

Pressure Regulators for Cylinders • Reduce high storage cylinder pressure to lower working pressure. • Most regulators have a gauge for cylinder pressure and working pressure.

Pressure Regulators for Cylinders • Regulators are shut off when the adjusting screw is turn out completely. • Regulators maintain a constant torch pressure although cylinder pressure may vary • Regulator diaphragms are made of stainless steel

Pressure Regulators Gauges Using a “Bourdon” movement • Gas entering the gauge fills a Bourdon tube • As pressure in the semicircular end increases it causes the free end of the tube to move outward. • This movement is transmitted through to a curved rack which engages a pinion gear on the pointer shaft ultimately showing pressure.

Regulator Hoses • Hoses are are fabricated from rubber • Oxygen hoses are green in color and have right hand thread. • Acetylene hoses are red in color with left hand thread. • Left hand threads can be identified by a grove in the body of the nut and it may have “ACET” stamped on it

Check Valves & Flashback Arrestors • Check valves allow gas flow in one direction only • Flashback arrestors are designed to eliminate the possibility of an explosion at the cylinder. • Combination Check/ Flashback Valves can be placed at the torch or regulator.

Acetylene Gas • Virtually all the acetylene distributed for welding and cutting use is created by allowing calcium carbide (a man made product) to react with water. • The nice thing about the calcium carbide method of producing acetylene is that it can be done on almost any scale desired. Placed in tightly-sealed cans, calcium carbide keeps indefinitely. For years, miners’ lamps produced acetylene by adding water, a drop at a time, to lumps of carbide. • Before acetylene in cylinders became available in almost every community of appreciable size produced their own gas from calcium carbide.

Acetylene Cylinders • Acetylene is stored in cylinders specially designed for this purpose only. • Acetylene is extremely unstable in its pure form at pressure above 15 PSI (Pounds per Square Inch) • Acetone is also present within the cylinder to stabilize the acetylene. • Acetylene cylinders should always be stored in the upright position to prevent the acetone form escaping thus causing the acetylene to become unstable.

Acetylene Cylinders • Cylinders are filled with a very porous substance “monolithic filler” to help prevent large pockets of pure acetylene form forming • Cylinders have safety (Fuse) plugs in the top and bottom designed to melt at 212° F (100 °C)

Acetylene Valves • Acetylene cylinder shut off valves should only be opened 1/4 to 1/2 turn • This will allow the cylinder to be closed quickly in case of fire. • Cylinder valve wrenches should be left in place on cylinders that do not have a hand wheel.

Oxygen and Acetylene Regulator Pressure Settings • Regulator pressure may vary with different torch styles and tip sizes. • PSI (pounds per square inch) is sometimes shown as PSIG (pounds per square inch -gauge) • Common gauge settings for cutting – 1/4” material Oxy 30-35psi Acet 3-9 psi – 1/2” material Oxy 55-85psi Acet 6-12 psi – 1” material Oxy 110-160psi Acet 7-15 psi • Check the torch manufactures data for optimum pressure settings

Types of Flame • There are three distinct types of oxy-acetylene flames, usually termed: – Neutral – Carburizing (or “excess acetylene”) – Oxidizing (or “excess oxygen” ) • The type of flame produced depends upon the ratio of oxygen to acetylene in the gas mixture which leaves the torch tip.

FLAME Settings • Oxygen is turned on, flame immediately changes into a long white inner area (Feather) surrounded by a transparent blue envelope is called Carburizing flame (30000c) • Addition of little more oxygen give a bright whitish cone surrounded by the transparent blue envelope is called Neutral flame (It has a balance of fuel gas and oxygen) (32000c) • Used for welding steels, aluminium, copper and cast iron • If more oxygen is added, the cone becomes darker and more pointed, while the envelope becomes shorter and more fierce is called Oxidizing flame • Has the highest temperature about 34000c • Used for welding brass and brazing operation

Pure Acetylene and Carburizing Flame profiles

Neutral and Oxidizing Flame Profiles

Three basic types of oxyacetylene flames used in oxyfuel-gas welding and cutting operations: (a) neutral flame; (b) oxidizing flame; (c) carburizing, or reducing flame.

•Three basic types of oxyacetylene flames used in oxyfuel-gas welding and cutting operations: • (a) neutral flame; (b) oxidizing flame; (c) carburizing, or reducing flame.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Oxy-fuel welding and cutting - Wikipedia, the free ...

Oxy-fuel welding (commonly called oxyacetylene welding, oxy welding, or gas welding in the U.S.) and oxy-fuel cutting are processes that use fuel gases and ...
Read more

Oxy Acetylene Welding | Gas Welding | Adjusting The Flame ...

http://bit.ly/VAj0py When oxy acetylene welding you must keep two things in mind when adjusting the flame: 1) How much gas is going through the tip.
Read more


THE BEGINNERS GUIDE TO OXY-ACETYLENE WELDING EQUIPMENT ... There are many components that make up the Oxy-Acetylene outfit such as cylinders, ...
Read more

Introduction to Oxy-Acetylene Welding - The Art Institute ...

Instructional Fabrication | 5 Introduction to Oxy-Acetylene Welding Oxy-Acetylene, commonly known as Oxy-fuel, is one of the oldest welding processes ...
Read more

Handbook-Oxy-Acet Cutting & Welding - ESAB North America ...

OXY-ACETYLENE WELDING AND CUTTING. As mentioned in the previous chapter, gas welding, using oxygen and hydrogen, dates back to the 1850’s.
Read more

Oxy Acetylene Welding - Welding Projects and Tutorials For ...

Tips on oxy acetylene welding and why gas welding may be better than MIG and TIG for welding panels or sheet metal.
Read more

Amazon.com: oxy acetylene welding

Product Description... purpose, copper coated oxy-acetylene gas welding rod used for welding ...
Read more

Oxy-Acetylene Welding - Solar Powered Robotic Sculpture ...

Oxy-Acetylene Welding. Oxy-Acetylene (OA) welding is one of the many types of welding supported by the DP Metals Shop. It is extremely versatile and ...
Read more

Quick Oxy-Acetylene Welding Introduction - YouTube

Introduction to Oxy-Fuel welding. ... Harbor Freight oxygen and acetylene welding and cutting torch just as good as my victor torch - Duration ...
Read more

Oxy-acetylene welding process - Advantage Fabricated Metals

Home > Metal Fabricating Tips & Facts > Oxy-acetylene Welding. Oxy-acetylene welding. Advantage Fabricated Metals performs a number of welding ...
Read more