Published on March 3, 2014
Outreach Tanzania Achieving Local Food Security through Establishment of an Integrated Agricultural Model with Sisal (Agave sisalensis), Food Crops & Livestock in Tanzania ▪ Climate stress and limited access to extension services form barriers to Tanzanian smallholder farmers accomplishing food security and value added livelihoods ▪ Through a livelihoods approach communities can reduce food insecurity and improve economic stability through the incorporation of sustainable sisal production into current smallholder agricultural models ▪ Sisal intercropped with local food crops and incorporated into smallholder integrated crop-livestock operations provides ▪ Sustainable Systems (ruminant feed , organic fertilizer, biogas production) ▪ Increased Productivity of Food Crops & Livestock ▪ Opens Market Opportunities
Outreach Tanzania Action Plan Initial Goal: Develop a model for incorporating sisal production into small holder agricultural systems Objectives: ▪ Increase capacity of small-holder farmers to enhance yields and improve soil quality ▪ Provide collaborative research based training on crop management to smallholder farmers Outputs: ▪ Enhanced food security and agricultural resilience to climate stress ▪ Trained local smallholder farmers in incorporation of sisal production into agricultural models
Outreach Tanzania Action Plan Long-term Goal: Increase opportunities for economic development and improve food security for rural communities Objectives: Develop a model for value-added post harvest production at the community level Create a protocol for best practices for integrated sisal management and post-harvest utilization of fiber and residues Outputs: Community owned sisal processing facilities Empowered women with access to training and market opportunities
Outreach Tanzania Activities ▪ Phase 1 (June-September 2014 dry season) ▪ Situational analysis & needs assessment with local farmers & pertinent stakeholders ▪ Establish partnerships with local community and women’s groups ▪ Start development of sisal residue protocol with active participation of farmers ▪ Phase 2 (October 2014-May 2015-wet season) ▪ Protocol development through pilot projects and local farm trials ▪ Initiate data collection on impacts of sisal intercropping system on soil quality and plant productivity ▪ Set up micro-financing and training workshops for smallholder farmers and community stakeholders
Outreach Tanzania Business Model Key Partners Key Activities •Outreach Inc. • Training programs •Sokoine University • Demonstration farms and pilot projects Value Proposition Improve food security of smallholder farmers Customer Relationships • Outreach Tanzania extension •Tanzanian Sisal Industry/Processors •UNIDO & Common Fund for Commodities Increase climate resilience of tropical semi-arid agriculture • Donor base Cost Structure Channels • Shallom demonstration farm Key Resources • Demonstration farm Pilot new methods for integrating sisal into agricultural models • Telecommunication services and mobile training programs Revenue Streams • Operation of demonstrations • Operation of training program • Salaries for extension staff www.businessmodelgeneration.com • Business partners • Smallholder farmers in tropical semi-arid environments •Shallom Farm • Networking with community groups Customer Segments Sisal Grants Fiber Public and Private Partnerships
Developing Resilience in Semi-arid Tropical Agricultural Systems: Transitioning Sisal Production From Plantation to Smallholder Integrated Crop & Livestock Systems ▪ Sisal is a tropical drought tolerant plant traditionally used for fiber production and valuable for smallholder integrated crop-livestock production ▪ Fiber from leaves is used in many emerging global markets ▪ Sisal can act as an “insurance crop” when other crops fail in droughts ▪ Residue left from fiber removal can be used as a supplement feed during periods of drought ▪ Large, dense root systems potentially increase soil structure and increase soil water availability ▪ Compared to monocultures intercropping sisal rows may improve plant yield by 40% (Mucheru-Munu 2010) Smallholder sisal value chain Production Smallholder Sisal Producers Processing & Products Local Sisal Processors Markets Sisal Fiber Sisal Residue Regional Markets Local markets Local Markets Consumption International Fiber Buyers Local Skilled Artisans Livestock & Biogas Producers Crop production (Fertilizer)
Sisal Production on Integrated Crop-livestock Smallholder Farms Crop Fertilizer Livestock feed during drought Biogas production Utilization of Sisal Plant Sisal Residue Local Sisal processors Sisal fiber Sale of Sisal Fiber in Local and Global Markets Sisal Intercropped sisal production by smallholder farmers One hectare scale model for smallholder integrated crop-livestock system with intercropped sisal
Business Model for Sisal Production in Smallholder Integrated Crop-livestock Semi-arid Agricultural Systems Key Activities Key Partners • Outreach Tanzania extension staff • Community sisal processers • Planting and harvesting • Processing sisal leaves • Drying and storing sisal residue • Selling or feeding livestock sisal residue • Sisal fiber and residue market Value Proposition Sustainably produced fiber Customer Segments • Local and global fiber • Community skilled markets artisans • Residue processers • Sisal processers • Ruminant livestock producers Channels Key Resources • Sisal cultivars • Labor • Tanzanian Planters • Processing equipment • Residue storage capacity and Agriculture Workers Association • Intercrop inputs Customer Relationships Stored ruminant feed • Community sisal coops and private buyers • Regional fiber markets Revenue Streams Marketing sisal fiber & products Increased crop yields Cost Structure • Sisal decortication • Labor • Sisal bulbils www.businessmodelgeneration.com Sisal residue sales Livestock production
Log Frame Analysis for Outreach Tanzania Incorporating Sisal into Tropical Semi-Arid Agricultural Models Objectives Indicators Means of verification Goal: Reduce food insecurity by improving economic Increase in food secure communities and stability through the incorporation of sustainable regional economic development & sisal production into current small-holder operations diversified farm production Surveys, Interviews, Impact Assessments Objective 1: Increase the capacity of small-holder farmers to enhance yields and improve soil quality Output Multiple Intercropping Systems Improved soil quality Trained local small holder farmers in intercropping production. Activities Divide farm into one hectare test plots and establish crops. Run soil quality tests, collect data, and analyze Develop methodology and training program. Improved soil quality, fertility and production Yield of sisal and intercrop plants Change in soil quality parameters trained small-holder farmers in the Soil Tests, Yield Analysis Inputs/resources Sisal bulbils, seeds for maize, sorghum, chickpeas, and peanuts Soil probes, access to soil testing facility Computers, printers, awareness-raising materials, translators Healthy ruminant production and nutrient access Costs & Sources Use plots at Shallom Farm. Researchers from University will conduct soil testing and data collection. Objective 2: To establish a sisal residue feeding program for ruminant production. Output Appropriate sisal residue feeding protocols determined Determine the digestibility and nutrient content of sisal residue Activities Conduct pilot on 30 yearling cattle and determine growth rate, weight gain, etc Conduct compositional analysis on sisal residue Change in average daily gain Kg gain/ kg feed Available nutrients in sisal residue Data will be collected by partners from Sokoine University Surveys and impact assessments Animal Health Assessment, Forage Quality & Residue Compositional Analysis Data collected by staff from Outreach Tanzania and Sokoine University Inputs/ Resources Costs & sources 30 yearling cattle and scales Purchase local cattle Laboratory, feed specialists & researchers Purchase/ borrow scales Researchers and laboratory from
Objectives Indicators Objective 3: Develop a model for value added post harvest production at the community level Output Community owned and operated sisal processing and sisal residue drying and storage facilities Local market analysis to assess opportunities for local producers. Established women’s groups for rope making and handicraft production Activities Purchase equipment and train community members to construct residue processing facilities Conduct market analysis and promote market access through policy Establish and train local community women’s groups in value added production Capability of community based women’s and farmer’s groups to process sisal leaves Use of the sisal processing and residue drying and storage facilities Sisal marketing opportunities available in the local market Enhanced local capacity utilization Women’s groups trained in value added sisal production (handcrafts) etc. Inputs/Resources Acquire equipment construct drying and storage facilities Partner with local groups to allow access to market information Work with partners and local artisans to train and empower women’s groups Objective 4: Develop a global sustainable sisal model applicable for small-holder farmers & communities in agricultural systems Outputs Provide scenario methodology & innovation platforms concerning incorporation of sisal production into agricultural models for organizations Means of verification Surveys, Field Visits, Market Data Access to training programs, facilitators, and versatility of sisal model Data collected by surveys and field visits Cost-benefit analysis Costs & sources Resource Inputs will be acquired through public and private partnerships. Surveys, Livelihood Assessments, Successful Public-Private Partnerships, and Field Visits Effectiveness of training programs Impact assessments, case studies, Growth of integrated sisal production and pilot projects will be used to Utilization and availability of summarized create manuals sisal production and management data Activities Inputs/Resources Costs/Sources Promote R&D in processing technologies Materials needed for manuals, literature, Partners from US Agricultural Create manuals with production, sustainability, and research collaborators Universities (Nebraska, Iowa State) market information and in country partners will provide researchers, literature, etc.
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