33 %
67 %
Information about Osteoporosis

Published on March 8, 2014

Author: maegha2002

Source: slideshare.net


this is a document related to the bone disease/disorder-Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis Disease- A condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning and is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms. A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES CONTAGEOUS DISEASE NON CONTAGEOUS DISEASE SPREADS FROM ONE PERSON TO ANOTHER GENERALLY INVOLVES THE LOWER SAOCIOECONOMIC GROUP DOESNOT SPREAD FROM ONE PERSON TO THE OTHER INVOLVES GENERALLY AFFLUENT CLASS VEHICLES OF TRANSMISSION AND THE VECTORS PLAY A MAJOR ROLE IN THE SPREAD OF DISEASE. TREATMENT OF THE ETIOLOGICAL AGENT IS THE REMEDY. ACUTE DISEASES REQUIRING ACTIVE MEDICAL CARE. TREATED CONSERVATIVELY DIETARY HABITS, ENVIRONMENT AND LIFESTYLE PLAY A ROLE IN THE CAUSATION OF THESE DISEASES. CHANGING THE DIETARY HABITS, LIFESTYLE AND TRHE ENVIRONMENT IS THE PERMANENT REMEDY. CHRONIC DISEASES NEED LONG LASTING CHRONIC TREATMENT. TREATED CONSERVATIVELY AND SURGICALLY. Osteoporosis-A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury. Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. Preventive measures-The risk of osteoporosis fractures can be reduced with lifestyle changes and in those with previous osteoporosis related fractures medications. Lifestyle change includes diet, exercise, and preventing falls. The utility of calcium and vitamin D is questionable in most. Bisphosphonates are useful in those with previous fractures from osteoporosis but are of minimal benefit in those who have osteoporosis but no previous fractures. Osteoporosis is a component of the frailty syndrome. Because of the absence of outward osteoporosis signs before it reaches the advanced stages, it’s especially important to take steps in the prevention of osteoporosis. Although

the strength of your bones depends mostly on hereditary factors and age, osteoporosis prevention can be achieved through a healthy diet and lifestyle, and regular exercise regime. In addition, bone density scans can help alert your doctor to the first signs of the disease. Getting enough calcium and vitamin D - Many doctors routinely recommend extra calcium; 500 milligrams to 1,000 milligrams daily in the form of calcium carbonate, as in Tums, and in many other inexpensive forms. You may need even more if your diet is particularly low in calcium or if you are breastfeeding. You may also need to take a daily multivitamin that contains vitamin D Long term effectsThe long term effects of osteoporosis vary between patients, but the most common effect is a bone fracture after even a relatively minor accident. Further complications can arise from the healing process, as well as from the loss of mobility that often occurs after a spine or hip fracture. Fractures Depending on where in the body the fracture occurs, the severity of fractures varies: •Wrist fractures: These are likely to be less severe since they only affect the way the arm moves, and not the entire body. Once a fracture has occurred after a minor fall, the patient is at a greater risk of further fractures later on.4 •Hip fractures: These usually require surgery and if the hip fracture is serious it may result in the loss of mobility and independent living, temporarily or in the long term.4 •Vertebral or spinal fractures: Spinal fractures can result in serious consequences, such as deformity in the spine’s curvature, height loss, back pain and mobility loss. Spinal Curvature Even if a fracture does not occur, the spinal bones (vertebrae) may become weak and crush together. As this happens the spine curves, which can result in back pain, height loss, and difficulty breathing since there is less space under the ribs. Loss of mobility Although bones heal in around two months, recovering from a fracture may require help from a physiotherapist in order to help regain mobility. A physiotherapist will typically provide exercises for osteoporosis patients that focus on rebuilding bone strength. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1299105/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteoporosis

http://wwwdiseasesdocgeekay.blogspot.in/ http://www.servier.co.uk/disease-information/osteoporosis/long-term-effects-ofosteoporosis.asp

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Osteoporose – Wikipedia

International Osteoporosis Foundation; Deutsche Rheuma-Liga; Informationen Patientenleitlinie 2010 des ...
Read more

Osteoporosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone. It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the ...
Read more

MedlinePlus: Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women. As many as half of all women ...
Read more

Osteoporose - DocCheck Flexikon

Osteoporosis congenita; Neben direkten Ursachen für die Osteoporose lassen sich auch eine Reihe von Risikofaktoren ausmachen, zu denen neben einem ...
Read more

Osteoporosis Symptoms, Signs, Treatment & Diet

Read about osteoporosis treatment options, medication, causes, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, prevention (diet, weight-bearing exercise), risk factors (family ...
Read more

Osteoporosis - overview: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Osteoporosis is the most common type of bone disease. Osteoporosis increases the risk of breaking a bone. About half of all women over the age of 50 will ...
Read more

What is Osteoporosis and What Causes It? - National ...

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs when the body loses too much bone, makes too little bone, or both. As a result, bones become weak and may break ...
Read more

Osteoporosis - Better Health Channel

A healthy, calcium-rich diet and regular physical activity throughout life can help prevent osteoporosis.
Read more

Osteoporosis - National Library of Medicine - PubMed Health

Evidence reviews Denosumab, Raloxifene, and Zoledronic Acid for the Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: Clinical Effectiveness and Harms [Internet]
Read more

Patient Support - National Osteoporosis Foundation

NOF relies on volunteers across the country to help us provide support to the millions affected by osteoporosis. Whether you’d like to connect with ...
Read more