Origins of the War on Terror

50 %
50 %
Information about Origins of the War on Terror

Published on May 30, 2008

Author: dmcdowell

Source: slideshare.net

Origins of the War on Terror From the Cold War to 9/11/01

Background: COLD WAR USSR and US needed Oil for their economies to function US supported Israel and stayed friendly with Saudi Arabia, and Iraq USSR supported other Arab nations such as Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iran

USSR and US needed Oil for their economies to function

US supported Israel and stayed friendly with Saudi Arabia, and Iraq

USSR supported other Arab nations such as Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iran

 

 

A Brief history of Afghanistan Soviets invaded Afghan. in 1979 (communist expansion) and established puppet government The population resisted. Mujahideen opposition forces US and Pakistan sent CIA to train these rebels in terror tactics, and guerrilla warfare. Soviets pulled out in 1988. Guess you one of these Mujahideen fighters was?

Soviets invaded Afghan. in 1979 (communist expansion) and established puppet government

The population resisted. Mujahideen opposition forces

US and Pakistan sent CIA to train these rebels in terror tactics, and guerrilla warfare.

Soviets pulled out in 1988.

Guess you one of these Mujahideen fighters was?

Osama Bin Laden Originally from a rich Saudi Arabian family. Joined the call from Afghanistan to join a religious war against the Soviets He received training from our CIA operatives.

Originally from a rich Saudi Arabian family.

Joined the call from Afghanistan to join a religious war against the Soviets

He received training from our CIA operatives.

Afghanistan after the Soviets left Mujahidin factions started fighting one another for control US pulled out (no interest since the Soviets were defeated) This caused bitter resentment by many, including Bin Laden An Islamic extremist group known as the Taliban, eventually took control by 1996 This government supported any extremist group dedicated to preserving Islam and destroying Western influence in the Middle East.

Mujahidin factions started fighting one another for control

US pulled out (no interest since the Soviets were defeated) This caused bitter resentment by many, including Bin Laden

An Islamic extremist group known as the Taliban, eventually took control by 1996

This government supported any extremist group dedicated to preserving Islam and destroying Western influence in the Middle East.

Al Qaeda Arabic translation “ The Base” Started by Osama during the Soviet Afghan war Al-Qaeda's objectives include the elimination of foreign influence in Muslim countries, eradication of those deemed to be "infidels", elimination of Israel, and the creation of a new pure Islamic state.

Arabic translation

“ The Base”

Started by Osama during the Soviet Afghan war

Al-Qaeda's objectives include the elimination of foreign influence in Muslim countries, eradication of those deemed to be "infidels", elimination of Israel, and the creation of a new pure Islamic state.

Osama and the Taliban He now had a country to base his operations Al Qaeda sets up training facilities for anyone who was willing to fight for their cause The US knew about this but chose to do little as it was not seen as an immediate threat (1996-2001)

He now had a country to base his operations

Al Qaeda sets up training facilities for anyone who was willing to fight for their cause

The US knew about this but chose to do little as it was not seen as an immediate threat (1996-2001)

The Iran-Iraq War

Background: Iran-Iraq War 1979-1980 the Iranians had held American hostages from our embassy. Sept 1980 Iraq invades Iran starting an eight year long war. US and other western nations supported Iraq and Saddam against Iran (which was ruled by a fundamentalist Islamic gov’t AND had close ties with the USSR) US sold Saddam chemical weapons to use against the Iranians. (he later used them in an attempted genocide of Kurds in the north).

1979-1980 the Iranians had held American hostages from our embassy.

Sept 1980 Iraq invades Iran starting an eight year long war.

US and other western nations supported Iraq and Saddam against Iran (which was ruled by a fundamentalist Islamic gov’t AND had close ties with the USSR)

US sold Saddam chemical weapons to use against the Iranians. (he later used them in an attempted genocide of Kurds in the north).

The Gulf War 1990-91

Iraq invades Kuwait Saddam faced a huge $14 billion debt after his failed war with Iran Kuwait was seen as a “quick fix” and he invaded it in 1990. The US had close connections with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia (Oil). Saudi Arabia allowed us to station troops in their country to eventually free Kuwait

Saddam faced a huge $14 billion debt after his failed war with Iran

Kuwait was seen as a “quick fix” and he invaded it in 1990.

The US had close connections with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia (Oil).

Saudi Arabia allowed us to station troops in their country to eventually free Kuwait

Back to Osama Osama offered the Saudi gov’t Islamic fighters to fight against Saddam, who was seen as a western conspirator That is until….. The Saudi government allowed “infidels” (US troops) onto holy ground (Saudi Arabia is where Mecca and Medina are) This infuriated the Al Qaeda leadership

Osama offered the Saudi gov’t Islamic fighters to fight against Saddam, who was seen as a western conspirator

That is until…..

The Saudi government allowed “infidels” (US troops) onto holy ground

(Saudi Arabia is where Mecca and Medina are)

This infuriated the Al Qaeda leadership

Back to the Gulf war US and allied forces take back Kuwait from Iraq in early 1991 with only 6 weeks of fighting. Saddam was allowed to stay in power. The UN decided that the goal was to free Kuwait, NOT oust Saddam

US and allied forces take back Kuwait from Iraq in early 1991 with only 6 weeks of fighting.

Saddam was allowed to stay in power.

The UN decided that the goal was to free Kuwait, NOT oust Saddam

Events leading up to 9/11: Al Qaeda attacks against the US

Aden, Yemen: 1992, three hotels are bombed that housed US troops

Somalia 1993: US helicopter is shot down ( remember “Black Hawk Down?”)

World Trade Center bombing 1993-attempt failed

Embassy bombings Al-Qaeda is believed to have conducted the bombings in August 1998 of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi , Kenya , and Dar es Salaam , Tanzania , killing more than 200 people and injuring more than 5,000 others.

Al-Qaeda is believed to have conducted the bombings in August 1998 of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi , Kenya , and Dar es Salaam , Tanzania , killing more than 200 people and injuring more than 5,000 others.

Oct 2000 The USS Cole is bombed, Aden Yemen

US Finally Responds US sends in Missiles to hit certain terrorist training sites in Afghanistan. (ineffective) Nearly causes an international incident (missiles over other countries)

US sends in Missiles to hit certain terrorist training sites in Afghanistan. (ineffective)

Nearly causes an international incident (missiles over other countries)

Al Qaeda Succeeds in the US: September 11, 2001 4 Commercial planes are hijacked by Al Qaeda sleeper cells 2 hit the World Trade Center in New York -American Airlines Flight 11 -hit North Tower -United Airlines Flight 175 - hit South Tower 2 more planes are hijacked shortly there after -American Airlines Flight 77 hits the Pentagon -Untied Airlines “Hero” Flight 93-passengers rebel and plane crashes in PA. 19 hijackers, 2,973 Americans Killed

4 Commercial planes are hijacked by Al Qaeda sleeper cells

2 hit the World Trade Center in New York

-American Airlines Flight 11 -hit North Tower

-United Airlines Flight 175 - hit South Tower

2 more planes are hijacked shortly there after

-American Airlines Flight 77 hits the Pentagon

-Untied Airlines “Hero” Flight 93-passengers rebel and plane crashes in PA.

19 hijackers, 2,973 Americans Killed

 

Osama and 9/11 There is America, hit by God in one of its softest spots. Its greatest buildings were destroyed, thank God for that. There is America, full of fear from its north to its south, from its west to its east. Thank God for that. What America is tasting now is something insignificant compared to what we have tasted for scores of years. Our nation (the Islamic world) has been tasting this humiliation and this degradation for more than 80 years. Its sons are killed, its blood is shed, its sanctuaries are attacked, and no one hears and no one heeds. To America, I say only a few words to it and its people. I swear by God, who has elevated the skies without pillars, neither America nor the people who live in it will dream of security before we live it in Palestine, and not before all the infidel armies leave the land of Muhammad, peace be upon him.

There is America, hit by God in one of its softest spots. Its greatest buildings were destroyed, thank God for

that. There is America, full of fear from its north to its south, from its west to its east. Thank God for that.

What America is tasting now is something insignificant compared to what we have tasted for scores of years.

Our nation (the Islamic world) has been tasting this humiliation and this degradation for more than 80 years.

Its sons are killed, its blood is shed, its sanctuaries are attacked, and no one hears and no one heeds.

To America, I say only a few words to it and its people. I swear by God, who has elevated the skies without

pillars, neither America nor the people who live in it will dream of security before we live it in Palestine, and

not before all the infidel armies leave the land of Muhammad, peace be upon him.

 

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

The Origins of the US War on Terror eBook by Mattia Toaldo ...

Lesen Sie The Origins of the US War on Terror Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East von Mattia Toaldo mit Kobo.
Read more

The Origins of the Us War on Terror: Lebanon, Libya and ...

Bei Amazon.de erhältlich: The Origins of the Us War on Terror: Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East (Routledge Studies in US ...
Read more

Origins of the US War on Terror - Buchhandel.de - Mattia ...

Origins of the US War on Terror; Origins of the US War on Terror Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East. von Mattia Toaldo.
Read more

The Origins of the Us War on Terror: Lebanon, Libya and ...

The Origins of the Us War on Terror: Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East Routledge Studies in US Foreign Policy Hardcover: Amazon ...
Read more

The Origins of the US War on Terror: Lebanon, Libya and ...

The Origins of the US War on Terror Lebanon, Libya and American Intervention in the Middle East
Read more

the Ideological Origins of the War on Terror | IFTBQP

DisInfoWars with Tom Secker- The Ideological Origins of the War on Terror ...
Read more

War on Terror - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

... The Global War on Terror has seen fewer war deaths than any other decade in the past ... ^ Origins date back to the 1980s. ^ Origins date back to the ...
Read more