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Organic farming

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Information about Organic farming

Published on September 14, 2013

Author: rainjitananda

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A presentation on the various items to look for when doing organic farming. Based on the experience of Dada Gananathananda farming in the high desert in California.
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Organic FarmingOrganic Farming by Dada Gananathanandaby Dada Gananathananda

The BasicsThe Basics Soil Water Climate Market

Soil TypeSoil Type Sand Clay Loam PH (N, P, K) Soil test

Water SourceWater Source Rain River Lake, pond Well Aqueduct City water

Weather ConditionWeather Condition Season : raining , dry ; hot , cold Temperature : max. / min. Humidity : high , low Hurricane, Flood Wind, Twister Drought, Forest Fire Frost, Hail

Seed SelectionSeed Selection Heirloom or Hybrid Treated or Untreated Early or late variety Fast or slow growing

Preparing SeedlingPreparing Seedling Germination rate Temperature requirement Soil humidity

Field preparationField preparation Cover crop Plowing Composting Laying T-tapes

TransplantingTransplanting Late Afternoon Early Morning Planting depth Planting distance

IrrigationIrrigation Drip irrigation for crops. Mini sprayers for trees. Water volume and pressure (psi)

FertilizingFertilizing Composting Foliar Feeding – Brix mix Fertigation – Fish meal Compost tea EM Bokashi

Pest ManagementPest Management  Ants – Tanglefoot or Stickem  Rodents – Rodenator, traps, snakes, terrier  Birds – Canon, hanging CDs or reflective ribbons, chicken wire  Flies and small insects – chicken  Deer, rabbits, coyotes, bears and mountain lions – (electric) fence  Rattle snakes – To be respected.

Disease PreventionDisease Prevention Companion plants Crop rotation Neem spray Pruning

Weed ControlWeed Control Weed fabric Mulching Manual weeding Machine Animal grazing

MaintenanceMaintenance Plumbing Electrical & Mechanical

Harvest & StorageHarvest & Storage Hygiene Cooling

Season ExtenderSeason Extender Hoop House Economic, Flexible Not good in high wind area

Post HarvestPost Harvest Pruning Field cleaning Food processing Greenhouse Cover crop

ChallengesChallenges Soil erosion due to wind and rain Nutrients leaching Alternative energy Farming population

NeedsNeeds Vision Careful planning Good timing and proper tools Dirt loving Excellent health Genuine interest Lot of sacrifice Faith

More information:More information: • www.anandadham.org

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