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OralHealthGrade4

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Information about OralHealthGrade4
Education

Published on February 6, 2008

Author: Veronica1

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide 1: Oral HealthIntroduction to Orthodontics Fourth Grade Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Division of Community and Public Health Oral Health Program Orthodontics: Orthodontics Some of you may be involved in orthodontic treatment right now. Many of you may undergo treatment in the next couple of years… What is Orthodontics?: What is Orthodontics? The easiest definition is simply: Having your teeth straightened. An Orthodontist: An Orthodontist Is a dentist who has gone to school two more years after dental school to specialize in straightening teeth. He or she treats malocclusion. What is that? First let’s look at the word occlusion.: First let’s look at the word occlusion. This is the way our teeth come together. When your mouth is closed, your top teeth and bottom teeth are meant to fit together precisely. LifeART The prefix “mal” means incorrect.: The prefix “mal” means incorrect. If your teeth do not come together precisely when you close your mouth, you have malocclusion. Courtesy of Dr. Craig Hollander D.D.S. There are two major causes for malocclusion: Inherited causes Acquired causes Inherited causes: Inherited causes These are things we get from our parents or grand parents that make us look a lot like them. These are also things we have no control over, such as our eye color or hair color. We inherit our jaw size and toothsize, which means we can inheritmalocclusion. Crowding…: Let’s say you inherit large teeth from dad, but small jaws from your mom. You may not have enough room or space for your teeth as they come in, so they begin to crowd together. This is a very common orthodontic problem. Crowding… Spacing…: Spacing… Or…let’s say you inherit large jaws from dad, but small teeth from mom. If this happens, you may have too much room or space between your teeth causing them to move. Missing or Extra teeth: Missing or Extra teeth Some people never form some of their permanent teeth. Missing teeth can cause teeth to move. Some people develop extra teeth. This can cause crowding Courtesy of Craig Hollander D.D.S. Our teeth hold one another in position. :  Our teeth hold one another in position. If you have space between your baby teeth, this space is good. As your permanent teeth come in, they will probably take up the extra room. But, if there is too much space between your permanent teeth, your teeth may shift or move. Early loss of baby teeth can cause malocclusion.: Early loss of baby teeth can cause malocclusion. Often a baby tooth is lost early, possibly from tooth decay or an accident. This creates a space. This space needs to be saved in order for the permanent tooth to come in straight. The dentist can save the space by putting in a space maintainer (spacer). When the permanent tooth is ready to come in, the space maintainer is removed. Mestman, Herman, What To Do For Healthy Teeth Late loss of baby teeth can also cause malocclusion.: Late loss of baby teeth can also causemalocclusion. Sometimes permanent teeth come in before baby teeth come out. This can cause teeth to become crowded and uneven. If the baby tooth does not become loose on its own, the dentist may have to remove it. The permanent teeth are white,the baby teeth are gray. Moss, Growing Up Cavity Free: A Parent's Guide To Prevention, Quintessence Publishing Co., 1993 Slide 14: Malocclusion often affects the shape of the face. It may be more noticeable looking at someone’s profile (side view). An Overbite: An Overbite The upper jaw outgrows the lower jaw. The upper jaw is more forward than the lower jaw. The top front teeth almost cover the bottom front teeth when the mouth is closed. Overjet: Overjet The top front teeth jet out. LifeART An Underbite: An Underbite The lower jaw grows larger than the upper jaw. The bottom front teeth are more forward than the top front teeth. LifeART Compare the profiles (side views), notice the chins and lips.: Compare the profiles (side views), notice the chins and lips. Overjet Normal Bite Underbite LifeART Acquired Causes: Acquired Causes These are things we do or have done to give us malocclusion. These are usually things we have control over. A bad habit or poor dental care causing us to lose teeth can cause us to acquire malocclusion. Let’s look at some habits that can be harmful to our teeth...: Let’s look at some habits that can be harmful to our teeth... Finger or thumb sucking: Finger or thumb sucking Usually moves the top front teeth out. Often the bottom front teeth are pushed back. Mestman, Herman, What To Do For Healthy Teeth Fingernail or Lip Biting and Biting on Objects: Fingernail or Lip Bitingand Biting on Objects Puts pressure on one or more teeth. This pressure, while teeth are developing, can affect the way the teeth come in. This kind of pressure day after day can move the teeth. Mouth Breathing: Mouth Breathing May cause the front teeth to stick out because the top lip isn’t holding the teeth in place. Can affect the shape and growth of your lips. Sometimes caused by tonsils and sinus problems. Your doctor may be called upon to help. Tongue Thrust: Tongue Thrust Caused by tongue placement during swallowing. Special exercises are used to change swallowing habits. Can be helped by an Orthodontist, Dental Hygienist or Speech Pathologist. Should be corrected before malocclusions are corrected. Now, let’s go over some reasons for having a malocclusion corrected or why we would have orthodontic treatment.: Now, let’s go over some reasons for having a malocclusion corrected or why we would have orthodontic treatment. Appearance: Appearance Your teeth are very important to your appearance. They not only make a nice smile, but they also shape your face. Chewing: Chewing Malocclusion can make it difficult to chew food properly. The chewing of food with your teeth is the first step in the digestion of food. If food cannot be chewed properly, it can cause problems with digestion. Talking (speech): Talking (speech) Teeth work with the lips, cheeks and tongue, allowing us to pronounce words. Malocclusion can cause speech problems. Some speech problems cannot be corrected until the malocclusion is corrected. Which mouth would be easier to clean?: Which mouth would be easier to clean? Mestman, Herman, What To Do For Healthy Teeth Crowded and overlapping teeth are difficult to keep clean.: Crowded and overlapping teeth are difficult to keep clean. Some areas may be impossible to reach with a toothbrush and dental floss. This may be a cause for tooth decay and gum problems. When teeth are in proper occlusion, pressure is even across the chewing surfaces.: When teeth are in proper occlusion, pressure is even across the chewing surfaces. Malocclusion can cause:: Malocclusion can cause: Stress on all the teeth, or Pressure on only a few teeth: Causing a toothache. Causing uneven pressure to weaken the gum and bone that supports the teeth. Your dentist will refer you to an Orthodontist if necessary…: Your dentist will refer you to an Orthodontist if necessary… Slide 34: This includes: A dental check-up Teeth cleaned Fluoride treatment Cavities filled …But before you begin orthodontic treatment, all of your dental work should be completed first. When you visit the Orthodontist, several things will probably be done before you get “braces”…: When you visit the Orthodontist, several things will probably be done before you get “braces”… # 1 A visual exam -- a look at your teeth and gums, to study your occlusion.: # 1 A visual exam -- a look at your teeth and gums, to study your occlusion. # 2 X-rays of all your teeth. This will show the roots of the teeth and the bone around them. It will also show any teeth that have not come in yet, and any extra teeth.: # 2X-rays of all your teeth. This will show the roots of the teeth and the bone around them. It will also show any teeth that have not come in yet, and any extra teeth. #3 A skull x-ray to show the relationship between the teeth and jaws. : #3 A skull x-ray to show the relationship between the teeth and jaws. # 4 Study models. These show how the top and bottom teeth fit together. The Orthodontist can then look at your teeth from all angles, even without you there.: # 4 Study models. These show how the top and bottom teeth fit together. The Orthodontist can then look at your teeth from all angles, even without you there. www.crowndentalstudio.com Slide 40: # 5 Sometimes pictures will be taken to show how your face and profile look before treatment. #6 : #6 If there is a lot of crowding --- some permanent teeth may need to be taken out. Now that you are ready to begin orthodontic treatment… Let’s talk about how teeth are straightened!: Now that you are ready to begin orthodontic treatment…Let’s talk about how teeth are straightened! Your Orthodontist may use a variety of things to move your teeth.: Your Orthodontist may use a variety of things to move your teeth. Removable appliances Cemented bands and brackets www.crowndentalstudio.com Courtesy of Dr. Mark A. Kramer, DDS Throughout treatment:: Throughout treatment: Pressure is applied causing the teeth to be moved slowly into position. After the braces are removed:: After the braces are removed: Retainers are worn to keep the teeth in their new position. www.crowndentalstudio.com Successful Orthodontic treatment depends on you!: Successful Orthodontic treatment depends on you! Don’t miss appointments. The Orthodontist has a schedule for completing your treatment. Follow the Orthodontist’s instructions. Keep your mouth clean. Brush after every meal, snack and at bedtime. See your dentist and hygienist regularly. Your teeth can still decay. Have your teeth cleaned to avoid gum problems. When should you brush your teeth?: When should you brush your teeth? After eating At bedtime Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Oral Health Program How do you floss your teeth?: How do you floss your teeth? Use 18” of floss Leave an inch or two to work with Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Oral Health Program How do you floss your teeth?: How do you floss your teeth? Gently follow curves of teeth Slide floss up and down a few times Go below the gumline Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Oral Health Program Some things you should not do!: Some things you should not do! Don’t put foreign objects such as pencils in your mouth. Avoid crunchy and sticky foods: Popcorn, nuts, hard candy, chips. Taffy, caramels, chewing gum. These things can cause bandsand brackets to come loose or break! Thank you for listening and keep brushing!: Thank you for listeningand keep brushing! A recommended resource for more information and activities: The American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) www.braces.org Photos: Microsoft product box shots reprinted with permission from Microsoft Corporation. All photos obtained from office.microsoft.com/clipart unless otherwise noted. This presentation has been adapted and used with permission from theDental Health Program developed by the Clay County Public Health Center.

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