Oral Health Education and Health Promotion

62 %
38 %
Information about Oral Health Education and Health Promotion

Published on March 9, 2014

Author: ankitmishra190622061502

Source: slideshare.net

INTRODUCTION  The process of imparting information about health in such a way that the recipient is motivated to use that information for the protection or advancement of his own, his family’s or his community’s health.

DEFINITION  “Health education or literacy represents the cognitive and social skills which determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways which promote and maintain good health.” -WHO Health promotion Glossary, 1998

OBJECTIVES Informing people (Cognitive objective) Motivating people (Affective objective) Guiding into action (Behavioral objective) FINAL GOAL

APPROACHES TO ACHIEVE HEALTH 1. Regulatory or legal approach 2. Administrative or service approach 3. Educational approach 4. Primary health care approach

MODELS OF HEALTH EDUCATION  Medical model  Motivation model  Social intervention model

PRINCIPLES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. OF HEALTH EDUCATION Credibility Interest Participation Motivation Comprehension Reinforcement 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Learning by doing Known to unknown Setting an example Good human relations Feedback Community leaders

STAGES IN THE ADOPTION OF NEW IDEAS AND PRACTICES Trial Evaluation Interest Awareness Unawareness

HEALTH  COMMUNICATION “a key strategy to inform the public about health concerns and to maintain important health issues on the public agenda. The use of the mass and multimedia and other technological innovations to disseminate useful health information to the public, increases awareness of specific aspects of individual and collective health as well as importance of health in development.” -WHO Health promotion Glossary, 1998

EDUCATIONAL AIDS USED IN HEALTH EDUCATION  Main constituent of the armamentarium of the health education process.  Auditory aids  Visual aids  A combination of audio-visual aids.


DEFINITION  “the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health”. -Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1st International Conference on Health Promotion, Ottawa, 21-Nov-1986

Five priority action areas for health promotion: 1. Building healthy public policy 2. Creating supporting environments for health 3. Strengthening community action for health 4. Developing personal skills 5. Re-orienting health services

APPROACHES TO HEALTH PROMOTION 1. Preventive 2. Behavior change 3. Educational 4. Empowerment 5. Social change

   Makes use of law made by govt. to protect health of public Examples :  Epidemic Disease Act  Pollution Act  Food Adulteration act  Environmental Act Drawbacks :    Applicable only in limited situations May not alter the behavior of the individual These laws are not democratic since they interfere with an individual’s personal choices --------------------------------------------

  It intends to provide all the heath facilities to the people with the hope that they will use it. Drawbacks: It becomes a failure if the service is not based on the felt needs of the people. --------------------------------------------

Most effective means for achievement of changes in the health practices and life-styles of the community.  Learning new “facts”, “unlearning” wrong information.  Results may be slow, but they are permanent and enduring.  Sufficient time should be allowed.  --------------------------------------------

Involves full participation and active involvement of the people.  Based on the principles of primary health care Community participation  --------------------------------------------

a) b) c) d) e) f)  Megaphones Public addressing systems or microphones Gramophone records and discs Tape recorders Radios Sound amplifiers Can also be used for entertainment and mass communication. --------------------------------------------

b) a) Non-Projected Projected aids: aids:  Films or Cinemas  Blackboard  Film Strips  Pictures, cartoons, photographs  Slides posters  Charts,  Overhead Projectors /or Transparencies  Flip charts, flashboards  Bioscopes  Flannel boards  Video cassettes  Printed materials  Silent films  Model, specimens --------------------------------------------

Creates a better presentation….  They include:  Televisions  Tape and slide combinations  Video cassettes players and recorders  Motion pictures or cinemas  Multimedia computers  Also include traditional media  Folk dances  Folk songs  Puppet shows  Dramas  --------------------------------------------

Advantages:  Can be done in a dentist’s consultation room.  Discussion, argument and persuasion of an individual to change his behavior is possible.  There is opportunity for the individual for asking Disadvantages: questions and clearing doubts.  Only a small no. can benefit  Health education is given only to those who come in contact with the dental surgeon or with public health personnel -------------------------------------------- ----

a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Chalk and talk (lectures) Symposium Group Discussions Panel discussions Workshop Conferences or seminars Role playing/socio dramas Demonstrations --------------------------------------------

a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) Television Radio Newspapers/press Documentary films Posters Health exhibition Health magazines Information booklets Internet --------------------------------------------

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

WHO | Oral health promotion through schools

Oral health promotion through schools Oral ... social workers and members of organised groups who are interested in improving health, education and ...
Read more

National Oral Health Promotion Group (NOHPG)

National Oral Health Promotion Group. The NOHPG (formerly called National Dental Health Education Group) is a forum for all professionals interested in the ...
Read more

Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health ...

... an opportunity for oral health promotion ... Oral health education • Oral health education should form part of all subjects in the school curriculum
Read more

home | Division of Oral Health | CDC

Good oral health is an ... online learning experience for education ... National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion; Email;
Read more

Basic Guide to Oral Health Education and Promotion Basic ...

Simon Felton - Basic Guide to Oral Health Education and Promotion (Basic Guide Dentistry Series) jetzt kaufen. ISBN: 9781118629444, Fremdsprachige Bücher ...
Read more

Oral Health Education | Oral Health | Health & Senior Services

Oral Health Education. ... For more specific information on the impact of oral health on specific diseases and conditions, contact the Oral Health Program.
Read more

Chapter 1: The Meaning of Oral Health

Continuing Education. Practical Oral Care ... Chapter 7 reviews the evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of oral health promotion and ...
Read more

Oral Health Promotion - Dental Health Foundation

Oral Health Promotion. Revised mouthguard poster Sept2016. Issued : September 2016 ... Dental Health Foundation PO Box 12343 Dublin 2 Ireland Tel: +353 1 ...
Read more