Operant conditioning chart

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Information about Operant conditioning chart
Education

Published on March 5, 2014

Author: dawndrake

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Operant conditioning explanatory diagram showing positive and negative reinforcement and punishment

Dawn Drake, Ph.D.,3/3/14 Operant Conditioning • • • • Identify a behavior that you want to influence in the subject Most effective: If attempting to weaken, also identify a replacement (preferred) behavior and reinforce it when it occurs Determine what the subject values (likes) and dislikes (wants to avoid/stop) The subject must associate the consequence with the behavior BEHAVIOR OCCURS Weaken? To stop the behavior CONSISTENTLY IGNORING A BEHAVIOR (NO REINFORCEMENT) MAY EXTINGUISH IT PUNISH Something that is not happening now and the subject does not want to experience Strengthen? To increase the behavior REINFORCE Something the subject is experiencing (or expects to experience) and wants to stop or avoid Something the subject does like/value and wants to keep Something the subject does like/ value and wants to have or keep Consequences ADD it Positive Punishment Examples: Add: chores, grounding, physical punishment (not recommended) SUBTRACT it Negative Punishment Examples: Take away toys, video games, car, freedoms, approval SUBTRACT it Negative Reinforcement Examples: Cleaning room stops nagging, using suntan lotion avoids a burn, giving the toy stops the whining ADD it Positive Reinforcement Examples: Give approval, gold stars, money, chocolates!

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