Published on February 15, 2014
OpenGL ES EGL Spec & APIs SK플래닛/모바일 개발2팀 남정수 email@example.com
OpenGL ARB and Khronos Group • OpenGL ES – OpenGL ES is a lightweight graphics API which is designed for Embedded System from OpenGL which is designed for Work Station. – OpenGL is maintained by OpenGL ARB(Architecture Review Board), OpenGL ES is maintained Khronos Group.
OpenGL Driver and Implementation • OpenGL Terminology(Link) Name Description ICD Installable Client Driver, contains the entire rendering pipeline of OpenGL. This solution, while providing the highest possible performance, was also daunting to IHVs. The Microsoft ICD kit required considerable effort to turn into a driver. SGI's DDK is also an ICD, but comes with a sample driver (for Virge/GX) as an example. IHV Independent Hardware Vendor, the manufacturers of 3D accelerators. MCD Mini Client Driver, designed as an abstraction of the rasterization layer of the rendering pipeline. The MCD promised to make developing OpenGL drivers for Windows easy for IHVs. Released for Windows/NT, it was promised, then never delivered for Win95. The MCD also gave up considerable performance due to it's design. PFD Pixel Format Descriptor, describes the pixel depth and buffers available.
OpenGL Utility Libraries Prefix Name Functions gl OpenGL API glClear,glDrawArrays,… glu OpenGL Utility Library gluPerspective,gluLookAt glut OpenGL Utility Toolkit glutInitDisplayMode,glutSwapBuffers aux OpenGL Auxiliary Library auxDIBImageLoad,auxInitWindow glew OpenGL Extension Wrangler Library glewInit, glewIsSupported wgl/agl/cgl/glx/egl Native Interface for OpenGL wglCreateContext,wglMakeCurrent,eglCr eateContext,eglMakeCurrent
GLU • OpenGL Utility Library – Matrix support • gluPerspective, gluOrtho, gluLookAt – Modeling support(GLUquadric) • gluDisk, gluPartialDisk, gluSphere, gluCylinder, gluCone
GLAUX • OpenGL Auxiliary Library – which was a part of the GLUT library and is now obsolete. We need to rewrite the program using GLUT.
GLUT • The OpenGL Utility Toolkit – • GLUT (pronounced like the glut in gluttony) is the OpenGL Utility Toolkit, a window system independent toolkit for writing OpenGL programs. It implements a simple windowing application programming interface (API) for OpenGL. GLUT makes it considerably easier to learn about and explore OpenGL programming. GLUT provides a portable API so you can write a single OpenGL program that works across all PC and workstation OS platforms. Usage – Window system support – Modeling support • • • • • glutSolid/WireCube glutSolid/WireSphere glutSolid/WireTorus glutSolid/WireTeapot glutSolid/WireDodecahedron(12면체)
GLEW • The OpenGL Extension Wrangler Library – • http://glew.sourceforge.net/basic.html Usage – – • Initializing Checking extensions How to get WGL extension
WGL • OpenGL Native Interface for Windows – WGL or Wiggle is an API between OpenGL and the windowing system interface of Microsoft Windows. • http://nehe.gamedev.net/tutorial/creating_an_opengl_window_(win32)/13001/ ChoosePixelFormat() SetPixelFormat() wglCreateContext() wglMakeCurrent()
EGL (Native Platform Graphics Interface) Overview • Native Platform Interface – • EGL™ is an interface between Khronos rendering APIs such as OpenGL ES or OpenVG and the underlying native platform window system. It handles graphics context management, surface/buffer binding, and rendering synchronization and enables high-performance, accelerated, mixed-mode 2D and 3D rendering using other Khronos APIs. EGL also provides interop capability between Khronos to enable efficient transfer of data between APIs – for example between a video subsystem running OpenMAX AL and a GPU running OpenGL ES. Portable Layer for Graphics Resource Management – EGL can be implemented on multiple operating systems (such as Android and Linux) and native window systems (such as X and Microsoft Windows). Implementations may also choose to allow rendering into specific types of EGL surfaces via other supported native rendering APIs, such as Xlib or GDI. EGL provides: • • • Mechanisms for creating rendering surfaces (windows, pbuffers, pixmaps) onto which client APIs can draw and share Methods to create and manage graphics contexts for client APIs Ways to synchronize drawing by client APIs as well as native platform rendering APIs.
EGL Features • Specifically EGL is a wrapper over the following subsystems; – WGL – Windows GL – the Windows-OpenGL interface (pronounced wiggle) – CGL – the Mac OS X-OpenGL interface (the AGL layer sits on top of CGL) – GLX – the equivalent X11-OpenGL interface • EGL not only provides a convenient binding between the operating system resources and the OpenGL subsystem, but also provides the hooks to the operating system to inform it when you require something, such as; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Iterating, selecting, and initializing an OpenGL context This can be the OGL API level, software vs. hardware rendering, etc. Requesting a surface or memory resource. The OS services requests for system or video memory Iterating through the available surface formats (to pick an optimal one) You can find out properties of the video card(s) from the OS – the surfaces presented will resides on the video card(s) or software renderer interface. Selecting the desired surface format Informing the OS you are done rendering and it’s time to show the scene. Informing the OS to use a different OpenGL context Informing the OS you are done with the resources.
EGLWindow, EGLDisplay, EGLSurface • EGLDisplay – – – – Abstract display on which graphics are drawn Single physical screen Initialize by querying a default display All EGL objects are associated with an EGLDisplay • EGLContext(Rendering Contexts) – EGLContext is a state machine defined by a client API – EGLContext is associated with EGLSurfaces • EGLSurface(Drawing Surfaces) – Types: windows, pbuffers, pixmaps • Windows, pixmaps: tied to native window system – Created with EGLConfig • Describes depth of color buffer component and types, quantities, and sizes of the ancillary buffers(depth, multisample, stencil buffers) – Ancillary buffers are associated with an EGLSurface • Not EGLContext
EGL Operation • Interaction with native rendering – – – – • Shared State – – • Native rendering will always be supported by pixmap surfaces • Pixmap surfaces have restricted capabilitis and performance relative to window and pbuffer surfaces Native rendering will not be supported by pbuffer surfaces, since the color buffers of pbuffers are allocated internally by EGL and are not accessible through any other means. Native rendering may be supported by window surfaces, but only if the native window system has a compatible rendering model allowing it to share the back color buffer, or if single buffered rendering to the window surface is being done. When both native rendering APIs and client APIs are drawing into the same underlying surface, no guarantees are placed on the relative order of completion of operations in the different rendering streams other than those provided by the synchronization primitives discussed in section 3.8 OpenGL and OpenGL ES Texture Objects • OpenGL and OpenGL ES makes no attempt to synchronize access to texture objects. If a texture object is bound to more than one context, then it is up to the programmer to ensure that the contents of the object are not being changed via one context while another context is using the texture object for rendering. The results of changing a texture object while another context is using it are undefined. OpenGL and OpenGL ES Buffer Objects • hen it is up to the programmer to ensure that the contents of the object are not being changed via one context while another context is using the buffer object for rendering. The results of changing a buffer object while another context is using it are undefined. Multiple Threads – – EGL guarantees sequentiality within a command stream for each of its client APIs , but not between these APIs and native APIs which may also be rendering into the same surface. Client API commands are not guaranteed to be atomic. • Synchronization is in the hands of the client. • It can be maintained at moderate cost with the judicious use of commands such as glFinish, vgFinish, eglWait-Client, and eglWaitNative, as well as (if they exist) synchronization commands present in native rendering APIs.
EGL Operation • Power Management – Power management events can occur synchronously while an application is running. When the system returns from the power management event the EGLContext will be invalidated, and all subsequent client API calls will have no effect (as if no context is bound). – Following a power management event, calls to eglSwapBuffers, eglCopy-Buffers, or eglMakeCurrent will indicate failure by returning EGL_FALSE. The error EGL_CONTEXT_LOST will be returned if a power management event has occurred. • On detection of this error, the application must destroy all contexts (by calling eglDestroyContext for each context). To continue rendering the application must recreate any contexts it requires, and subsequently restore any client API state and objects it wishes to use. • Any EGLSurfaces that the application has created need not be destroyed following a power management event, but their contents will be invalid.
EGL Basic Usage • The basic usage of EGL and similar API are the following; 1. (Android) Obtain the EGL interface. • 2. 3. 4. 5. Obtain a display that’s associated with an app or physical display Initialize the display Configure the display Create surfaces • 6. 7. This holds the “state” for the OpenGL calls Make the context “current” • 10. 11. Front, back, offscreen buffers, etc. Create a context associated with the display • 8. 9. So you can make EGL calls This selects the active state Render with OpenGL (OpenGL not EGL calls, the OpenGL state is held by EGL context) Flush or swap the buffers so EGL tells the OS to display the rendered scene. Repeat rendering till done. Make the context “not current” Clean up the EGL resources
OpenGL Framebuffer(Ancillary buffer) • Framebuffer(Ancillary buffer) – A Framebuffer is a collection of buffers that can be used as the destination for rendering. Functions Parameters glClear GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT,GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT,GL_STENCIL_BUFFER_BIT,GL_ACC UM_BUFFER_BIT glEnable GL_DEPTH_TEST, GL_STENCIL_TEST Name Description Color Buffer Double buffering, stereo buffering glDrawBuffer,glReadBuffer,glClearColor Depth Buffer Shadow map, internal rendering glDepthFunc,glClearDepth Stencil Buffer Shadow volume, color masking, reflection glStencilFunc,glStencilOp,glClearStencil Accum Buffer Motion blur, anti-aliasing glAccum,glClearAccum
API Usage (1/2)
API Usage (2/2)
Initializing Funtion Description EGLDisplay eglGetDisplay(EGLNativeDisplayType display_id); EGL_DEFAULT_DISPLAY EGLBoolean eglInitialize(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLint *major, EGLint *minor); the values of *major and *minor would be 1 and 2, respectively). major and minor are not updated if they are specified as NULL. EGLBoolean eglTerminate(EGLDisplay dpy); const char *eglQueryString(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLint name); EGL_CLIENT_APIS, EGL_EXTENSIONS, EGL_VENDOR, or EGL_ VERSION.
Configuration Funtion Description EGLBoolean eglGetConfigs(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLConfig *configs, EGLint config_size, EGLint *num_config); Get configs EGLBoolean eglChooseConfig(EGLDisplay dpy, const EGLint *attrib_list, EGLConfig *configs, EGLint config_size, EGLint *num_config); Choose configs by attrib_list EGLBoolean eglGetConfigAttrib(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLConfig config, EGLint attribute, EGLint *value); Get config attribs
Surface Funtion Description EGLSurface eglCreateWindowSurface(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLConfig config, EGLNativeWindowType win, const EGLint *attrib_list); Create surface for window rendering EGLSurface eglCreatePbufferSurface(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLConfig config, const EGLint *attrib_list); Create surface for offline rendering EGLSurface eglCreatePbufferFromClientBuffer(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLenum buftype, EGLClientBuffer buffer, EGLConfig config, const EGLint *attrib_list); Create surface for offline rendering from client buffer EGLSurface eglCreatePixmapSurface(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLConfig config, EGLNativePixmapType pixmap, const EGLint *attrib_list); Create surface for pixmap rendering EGLBoolean eglDestroySurface(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface); Destroy a surface EGLBoolean eglSurfaceAttrib(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface, EGLint attribute, EGLint value); Get surface attributes EGLBoolean eglQuerySurface(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface, EGLint attribute, EGLint *value); Get surface attributes
Rendering to Textures Funtion Description EGLBoolean eglBindTexImage(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface, EGLint buffer); Bind OpenGL ES Texture EGLBoolean eglReleaseTexImage(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface, EGLint buffer); Release OpenGL ES Texture
Context Funtion Description EGLBoolean eglBindAPI(EGLenum api); EGL_OPENGL_API, EGL_OPENGL_ES_API, or EGL_OPENVG_API. EGLenum eglQueryAPI(void); The value returned will be one of the valid api parameters to eglBindAPI, or EGL_NONE. EGLContext eglCreateContext(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLConfig config, EGLContext share_context, const EGLint *attrib_list); Create a context EGLBoolean eglDestroyContext(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLContext ctx); Destroy a context EGLBoolean eglMakeCurrent(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface draw, EGLSurface read, EGLContext ctx); Set context to current context EGLContext eglGetCurrentContext(void); Get current context EGLSurface eglGetCurrentSurface(EGLint readdraw); Get current surface EGLDisplay eglGetCurrentDisplay(void); Get current display EGLBoolean eglQueryContext(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLContext ctx, EGLint attribute, EGLint *value); Return attribute list
Syncronization Funtion Description EGLBoolean eglWaitClient(void); The same result can be achieved using client API -specific calls such as glFinish or vgFinish. EGLBoolean eglWaitGL(void); EGLenum api = eglQueryAPI(); eglBindAPI(EGL_OPENGL_ES_API); eglWaitClient(); eglBindAPI(api);
Posting the color buffer Funtion Description EGLBoolean eglSwapBuffers(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface); Posting to a Window When native window resizing, called automatically EGLBoolean eglCopyBuffers(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLSurface surface, EGLNativePixmapType target); Copying to a Native Pixmap EGLBoolean eglSwapInterval(EGLDisplay dpy, EGLint interval); Control swap buffer interval
EGL Extension Funtion Description void (*eglGetProcAddress(const char *procname))(void); eglQueryString(dpy, EGL_EXTENSIONS)
GLSurfaceView • Features – Inherited from SurfaceView – EGL encapsulation • Functions – setRenderer() – setEGLConfigChooser() • Default egl config chooser included – setRenderMode() • RENDERMODE_WHEN_DIRTY • requestRender() – setDebugFlags() • DEBUG_CHECK_GL_ERROR • DEBUG_LOG_GL_CALLS
GLSurfaceView.Renderer • Functions – onSurfaceCreate() • Create window surface – onSurfaceChanged() • Surface size changed – onDrawFrame() • Automatically eglSwapBuffers when non-dirty rendering
Thank you • 감사합니다.
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