Published on March 5, 2014
Come rispondere ad un evento emergenziale sfruttando dati Open e COSMO-SkyMed Domenico Grandoni Seconda Conferenza OpenGeoData Italia “Istruzioni per il RI-uso” e-GEOS Roma, 27 aprile 2014 Headquarter Contrada Terlecchie 75100 Matera - Italy Commercial Office Via Cannizzaro 71 00156 Roma - Italy All COSMO-SkyMed images are © ASI Material produced within GMES/Copernicus Emergency Management Service - Mapping in RUSH mode - funded by the EC budget (DG ENTR) – Contract N. 257219
e-GEOS Emergency Mapping Service e-GEOS Emergency Mapping Service is the set of – hardware and software resources – human resources (25 engineers on shift) – procedures e-GEOS Emergency Management Center devoted to a rapid and effective response to emergency requests exploiting Optical and SAR satellite information. The Service is available 24/7/365 Emergency Activities: Satellite tasking Image analysis and map production News monitoring to anticipate sat. tasking Procedures review and training e-GEOS Proprietary Maintenance of reference geodatabase 2 Page
Emergency Mapping Service – Products / Events Floods Earthquakes Reference Maps Pre event situation Delivery time: 6 hours after activation Humanitarian crisis Damage Assessment Maps Post event situation Delivery time: 3 hours after EO data avail. Fires Oil spill / Ship detection e-GEOS Proprietary Page 3
Key challenges for Emergency Response • Quick access to available OpenGeoData for pre event situation maps – Catalogues and data harmonization is a key task – Standard symbolysm and data structure • OpenGeoData refinement and gap filling – Well trained staff available on shift 24/7 is a key asset • Quick access to crisis data for post event situation maps: – COSMO-SkyMed: best revisit time and high suitability for flood mapping and change detection – Other satellite data: for selected types of disaster – Open Data (including social data): complementing the crisis mapping from remote sensed data e-GEOS Proprietary Page 4
Operational workflow EVENT Who (User) - What (Event type) - Where (AOI) – When (Event time) 1 Check first available satellite acquisition opportunity and task it 3 2 Download available open data Prepare Reference map Geodata Toolkit SAVOIR 4 Post event basic image processing (geometric / radiometric) ArcGIS 7 Prepare Crisis map ERDAS ENVI + Sarscape 5 ArcGIS Thematic image processing (depending on event type) FLOOD MTC TEMAS 6 Further vector editing / Spatial analysis e-GEOS Proprietary ArcGIS Page 5
e-GEOS Geodata Toolkit It is the proprietary solution that provides a simple single entry point to access harmonized heterogeneous geospatial data resources with local or global coverage to be further used in other applications. e-GEOS Geodata Toolkit can be used to quickly retrieve over a specific AOI: – base vector layers (OSM, Geonames, GADM, GAUL, Wikimapia, …) • Such heterogeneous data are harmonized in the data model to be imemdiately ready to use • Frequently changing sources (e.g. OSM) are regularly updated in the local copy – satellite imagery (MODIS, Landsat, national orthomosaics) • Accessed both as webservices and as physical raster files – elevation data (SRTM90, ASTER, EUDEM) – weather forecasts (OWM) – other data that have a spatial component (CSK catalogue, Flickr,…) e-GEOS Geodata Toolkit is fully open source (Postgres/PostGIS, Python, GDAL) and it is designed to fit distributed access to resources (Master node + Slave nodes). e-GEOS Proprietary Page 6
Very detailed Base maps can be generated in less than 30 minutes using Open Geodata only thanks to: - Single point access to all resources needed - No time wasted in accessing different resources from different entry points - Availability of standard representation rules (symbolysm) e-GEOS Proprietary Page 7
ID Vector datasets (Reference Database) Update freq. Scale Coverag. OSM Openstreetmap, a collaborative global mapping project that provides several base layers worldwide. Find additional details at http://www.openstreetmap.org Daily Up to Global GADM GADM is a global database of administrative areas at aggregated at different levels (country, region, province, …). Current version in v2. Find additional details at http://www.gadm.org/ Several years Up to 1:5000 Global Geonames Geonames is a global database of named locations. It includes toponyms, but also other relevant named locations from a wide variety of different categories (natural elements, ports, airports,…). Find additional details at http://www.geonames.org/ Monthly Up to 1:10000 Global VMAP The Vector Map is a vector-based collection of geo data at various levels of detail. Level 0 (low resolution) coverage is global and entirely in the public domain. Level 1 (global coverage at medium resolution) is only partly in the public domain. Not updated 1:1000000 Global EU CLC Corine Land Cover is a European land cover database, featuring a 3 levels classification generally referenced as a standard in EU mapping activities. Last update: 2006) 1:100000 EU Urban Atlas The Urban Atlas is providing pan-European comparable land use and land cover data for Large Urban Zones with more than 100.000 inhabitants. Find more details at http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/urbanatlas update: 2010) 1:25000 EU UK Open Data OS OpenData is the free distribution of the UK Ordnance Survey geodata over UK. They include all major base layers. More details at http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/oswebsite/products/osopendata.html n.a. 1:10000 UK ES Open Data BCN25 is the distribution of base layers covering the Spanish territory derived from the base topographic maps. Find more details at http://centrodedescargas.cnig.es/CentroDescargas/catalogo.do n.a. 1:25000 ES e-GEOS Geodata Toolkit e-GEOS Proprietary 1:5000 Page 8
ID Raster datasets Access Type Format Scale Coverag. e-GEOS Geodata Toolkit LANDSAT Landsat 200 seamless orthomosaic processed by i-cubed and provided as WMS by NASA World Wind center. If needed, also single Landsat ETM+/TM scenes download is implemented WMS FTP GeoTIFF 1:30000 Global MODIS MODIS (Terra/Aqua) acquisitions covering your Area of interest during the last three days. Natural color and false color combinations are automatically generated. FTP HDF GeoTIFF 1:500000 Global IT Aerial Italian aerial survey 0.2m/0.5m orthomosaic. E-GEOS REALVISTA product WMS GeoTIFF 1:5000 IT SW Aerial Swedish aerial survey 0.5m orthomosaic WMS GeoTIFF 1:5000 SW ES Aerial Spanish aerial survey 0.5m orthomosaic WMS GeoTIFF 1:5000 ES EE Aerial Estonian aerial survey 0.5m orthomosaic WMS GeoTIFF 1:5000 EE PT Aerial Portuguese aerial survey 0.5m orthomosaic WMS GeoTIFF 1:5000 PT DEM SRTM90 Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission DEM, 90m posting. FTP GeoTIFF n.a. -60° < lat < +60° DEM ASTER ASTER based DEM, 30m posting FTP GeoTIFF n.a. Lat > +60° Lat < -60 ° DEM EUDEM European DEM, 20m posting FTP GeoTIFF n.a. EU OWM Current clouds coverage and precipitation form Open Weather Map WMS GeoTIFF 1:1000000 Global e-GEOS Proprietary Page 9
ID Ancillary datasets (Accessed as Webservices) Access Type Format Scale Coverag. OWM 7 7 days weather forecast (3 hours time interval) from the 10 closest stations to your Area of Interest. API Shapefile 1:100000 Global Wikimapia Wikimapia, a collaborative global mapping project that provides polygon features from a wide variety of different categories. API Shapefile 1:25000 Global COSMO-SkyMed catalogue Access the COSMO-SkyMed catalogue and download the COSMO-SkyMed acquisitions covering your Area of Interest in the last year. API Shapefile n.a. Global e-GEOS Proprietary Page 10
Access to vector and raster resources is managed through a simple interface (Quantum, GIS plug in). Once the AOI has been defined, the User can download all the necessary data. Vector data are all stored in a single database, that can be further exported in ESRI format. e-GEOS Proprietary Page 11
Activation – Oklahoma City Tornado Event description: On the afternoon of May 20, a large, violent tornado touched down west of Newcastle, Oklahoma and impacted the town of Moore, causing severe damage to residential areas as well as Plaza Towers and Briarwood Elementary schools. The Oklahoma Office of the Chief Medical Examiner has confirmed several fatalities, at least 200 people injured. Triggering entity: e-GEOS Autoactivation e-GEOS has been proactively acquiring COSMO-SkyMed images befor and after the event, genearting damage assessment maps provided to US Government. e-GEOS has been regularly acquiring also optical data for optical-SAR combined analysis. e-GEOS Proprietary Page 12
Damage assessment – Open data Damage assessment map generated less 24 hours after the event by analyzing and georeferencing information from open data (tweets, video,…) e-GEOS Proprietary Page 13
Damage assessment – Optical Damage assessment map generated based on WorldView-1 image acquired on May 22nd, 2013 e-GEOS Proprietary Page 14
Damage assessment – SAR Damage assessment map generated based the interferometric analysis of a COSMO-SkyMed pair. Red: Amplitude CSK May 17th, 2013 Green: Amplitude CSK May 25th, 2013 Blue: interferometric coherence e-GEOS Proprietary Page 15
Damage assessment – SAR/Optical Combination of SAR based damage assessment with Optical based damage assessment. e-GEOS Proprietary Page 16
Thank you! www.ewww.e-geos.it e-GEOS Proprietary Page 17
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