Open Source Community Models for Supporting Educational Practice

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Information about Open Source Community Models for Supporting Educational Practice
Education

Published on January 28, 2009

Author: bohemicus

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A talk given to a JISC symposium on HE in FE.

Open Source Community Models for Supporting Educational Practice Dominik Lukes http://theresearchcentre.co.uk http://dominiklukes.net

The failure of the repository model There are many repositories of resources for practitioners in education NLN, CoLRiC, FENC, ERIC, etc. Grant supported projects almost never have systemic impact The uptake and usage in real life are minimal due to the provider/customer models and unconsidered realities of practitioner life Despite their promise, repositories have failed to transform education at any level in the way that books have a blackboards have

There are many repositories of resources for practitioners in education

NLN, CoLRiC, FENC, ERIC, etc.

Grant supported projects almost never have systemic impact

The uptake and usage in real life are minimal due to the provider/customer models and unconsidered realities of practitioner life

Despite their promise, repositories have failed to transform education at any level in the way that books have a blackboards have

The success of the Open Source community model Open Source software is the true backbone of the internet and has contributed to the transformation of our world The success of Open Source resides in Community approach to development The Open Source philosophy is compatible with the best ideals of progressive education

Open Source software is the true backbone of the internet and has contributed to the transformation of our world

The success of Open Source resides in Community approach to development

The Open Source philosophy is compatible with the best ideals of progressive education

How the community does NOT work! Lots of enthusiastic people each contributing a little bit!

Lots of enthusiastic people each contributing a little bit!

How the successful communities work! Communities have a philosophy Communities have structure Benevolent dictator Topic maintainers Valued members Casual members / lurkers N00bs People in communities play different roles (often one person plays more than one or changes from time to time) Decision makers (merit on amount and quality of work) Primary product workers (primary product, support, …) Contributing users Community knowledge maintainers (historians, philosophers, etc.)

Communities have a philosophy

Communities have structure

Benevolent dictator

Topic maintainers

Valued members

Casual members / lurkers

N00bs

People in communities play different roles (often one person plays more than one or changes from time to time)

Decision makers (merit on amount and quality of work)

Primary product workers (primary product, support, …)

Contributing users

Community knowledge maintainers (historians, philosophers, etc.)

How the successful communities work! (cont.) Communities have financial support Companies sponsor community members to work on the community work Foundations funded by donations, advertising, promotions, fundraising Commercial ventures by community members gives incentive Communities spend time on socialization Communities invest resources into socialization Communities research their practice Communities document their practices to socialize newcomers Communities develop “cultures” and discuss their nature

Communities have financial support

Companies sponsor community members to work on the community work

Foundations funded by donations, advertising, promotions, fundraising

Commercial ventures by community members gives incentive Communities spend time on socialization

Communities invest resources into socialization

Communities research their practice

Communities document their practices to socialize newcomers

Communities develop “cultures” and discuss their nature

How do communities create products? Smaller projects (themes, branches) have maintainers New work is released early and often (providing possibilities for early failures and timely feedback) All members of community can submit “patches” and ideas but maintainers implement them

Smaller projects (themes, branches) have maintainers

New work is released early and often (providing possibilities for early failures and timely feedback)

All members of community can submit “patches” and ideas but maintainers implement them

How/why do people participate in communities? Participation in community is part of the daily workflow of information (email, RSS) Participation in community provides direct links to practice Participation in a community provides personal satisfaction and fulfillment Participation in a community is supported/mandated by other organization

Participation in community is part of the daily workflow of information (email, RSS)

Participation in community provides direct links to practice

Participation in a community provides personal satisfaction and fulfillment

Participation in a community is supported/mandated by other organization

Building realities of practitioner life into community design Staffroom language, behaviour patterns Management obligations Pay dissatisfaction Curricular shortcomings (no way to give feedback) Stress from student interaction Real motivation to help students learn Diverging philosophy of learning Disconnect between the rationalistic and realistic models (e.g. one 20-minute task takes 20-minutes to complete and two 5-minute tasks take 20 minutes to complete)

Staffroom language, behaviour patterns

Management obligations

Pay dissatisfaction

Curricular shortcomings (no way to give feedback)

Stress from student interaction

Real motivation to help students learn

Diverging philosophy of learning

Disconnect between the rationalistic and realistic models (e.g. one 20-minute task takes 20-minutes to complete and two 5-minute tasks take 20 minutes to complete)

Suggested community design Online social space (merit-driven) with regular offline interaction (conferences) JISC/BECTA sponsored leader and topic maintainers Institution-sponsored contributors Institution-supported users (becoming contributors) Intra-institutional ‘user groups’ and community ‘champions’ providing feedback in both directions Versioning and support system for resources Repository of past discussions Connections to other communities Support for community maintenance

Online social space (merit-driven) with regular offline interaction (conferences)

JISC/BECTA sponsored leader and topic maintainers

Institution-sponsored contributors

Institution-supported users (becoming contributors)

Intra-institutional ‘user groups’ and community ‘champions’ providing feedback in both directions

Versioning and support system for resources

Repository of past discussions

Connections to other communities

Support for community maintenance

Where can Open Source community design be applied in education? Technological innovation (application and development) Support for users of technologies Curriculum development Teaching materials development Teaching method development

Technological innovation (application and development)

Support for users of technologies

Curriculum development

Teaching materials development

Teaching method development

Discussion question   “ What features would a successful sustainable community have to have in order to provide an environment in which innovation is fostered?”

  “ What features would a successful sustainable community have to have in order to provide an environment in which innovation is fostered?”

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