Published on March 12, 2014
Challenges and opportunities in open scholarship Martin Weller By psd http://www.flickr.com/photos/psd/3717444865/
About me • Prof at the Open University • Digital Scholarship book bit.ly/digscholar • OER Research Hub oerresearchhub.org • Blogger edtechie.net • The Battle for Open
“A university is just a group of buildings gathered around a library.” (Shelby Foote)
This talk • Hypothesis: openness is key to future direction of libraries and universities • Social media underlies openness • Look at different aspects of openness • Social media role for each • Why has openness been successful • Some issues & challenges
Open scholarship definition
The victory of openness Sign the CC-BY license!
MOOCs Video courtesy of Alan Levine – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNS9nRQElPQ
Role of social media cMOOCs Learner communities Analytics http://www.flickr.com/photos/rosauraochoa/3939487692/
Role of social media altMetrics Increased views/citations Creates OA pressure
Social-media friendly content
Role of social media Spread & share Bridge to formal ed Shareable content
Open scholarship By Gideon Burton http://www.flickr.com/photos/wakingtiger/3157622458/in/set-72157612021421472/
Role of social media Identity Increased keynotes/colla borations Information filter
Group twitter account Blog Blog schedule Scoop.It Webinars Videos Video playlist Impact map oerresearchhub.org
It’s not just for geeks
Why has openness been successful? • From open source: – Efficient way of working – “Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow”
It matches the role of universities & libraries
Innovation • MOOCs • OA • OER • Open scholarship http://www.flickr.com/photos/masondan/8904114591/
And yet… • That’s not what I meant at all! • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kIzA4ItynY w
But researchers aren’t keen “frequent or intensive use is rare, and some researchers regard blogs, wikis and other novel forms of communication as a waste of time or even dangerous” (Proctor, Williams and Stewart (2010) Carpenter et al describe researchers as ‘risk averse’ and ‘behind the curve in using digital technology’ “The advice given to pre-tenure scholars was consistent across all fields: focus on publishing in the right venues and avoid spending too much time on public engagement, committee work, writing op-ed pieces, developing websites, blogging, and other non- traditional forms of electronic dissemination”
Perils of Open scholarship • Trolls • Job perils • Promotion
Challenges • Open access is key, not always encouraged • Takes investment to reach the pay-off • “It’s not proper scholarship!” • Not much of: stealing ideas, online abuse, conflict with traditional role http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/5893328472/
Tips • Get started! • Find your voice/tool • Give a bit of you • Be a good networker • Use a mix • Don’t overplan • Be open http://www.flickr.com/photos/kamranmeyer/9399451939/
Role of social media MOOCs Open Access Open Scholarship OERs Social media
http://www.flickr.com/photos/_ellie_/11972589724/ Openness and social media blur boundaries between formal/informal, personal/professional, book/course, institution/general public
Complementary process link links promotes automatic publish comments subscribes discusses retweets
The role of the networked librarian • To be the best node in the network? • To act as a useful filter • Community building • Bringing relevant material to debates • Having an appreciation of openness & social media are key
To discuss… • Do you agree with the notion that open education is significant direction? • Has openness won? • Does social media underlie openness? • Thoughts on the networked librarian?
Gold route OA
OER Uptake http://chaos.open.ac.uk/
Innovation is the important element of openness • Open is not just ‘zero cost’ • Openness can allow: – New business models – New entrants – Reputation enhancement – Democratisation of learning – Outreach – Increased access • Open allows experimentation
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