Open Education Week - Why Open Matters - March 13, 2014

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Information about Open Education Week - Why Open Matters - March 13, 2014

Published on March 13, 2014

Author: mathplourde



Slides used for my presentation during Open Education Week. Hangouts on Air at

Why Open Matters March 13, 2014 Mathieu Plourde

Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate Educational Technologist IT Academic TechnologyServices WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 2

HISTORY LESSON A little WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 3

Traditional software model Credit: somethingstartedcrazy and Rob on Flickr.

Open source software USERS DEVELOPERS

Source: Apple Just Ended the Era of Paid Operating Systems (Wired)

Open encyclopedia

Gratis Libre & (free of charge) (freedom of use)

OPEN EDUCATION WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 9

Open education " the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge." —The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

Open educational resources

Learning materials Collection Learning object

Learning materials Collection Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"

Learning materials Collection Learning object Whole Traditional Fixed Peer-reviewed "Nugget" Innovative Evolving "Wisdom of the crowd"

What makes a resource open? • David Wiley's 4Rs: • Reuse: the right to reuse the content in its unaltered/verbatim form (e.g., make a backup copy of the content) • Revise: the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language) • Remix: the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup) • Redistribute: the right to share copies of the original content, the revisions, or the remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

Copyright licensing • Open educational resources (OER) are powered by Creative Commons. The author sets the acceptable uses from the get-go.

AFFORDABILITY CONCERNS WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 17

Increase in textbook prices and college tuition WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 18

Demand for degrees WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 19McCoy, D., Schiller, S. R., Frank, E., & Schiller, S. (2011, April 4). Textbook Affordability: Emerging Solutions in Ohio. Webinar, . Retrieved from

Low-cost pathways WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 20

Open textbooks in K12 • State of Utah pilot provides a printed copy for $5 per student. • Replaces a 7 year cycle. • Fresh content every year, students keep the book. • Open textbook calculator: • David Wiley,

State of Washington The Open Course Library has saved students $5.5 million in textbook costs to date, including $2.9 million during the 2012-2013 academic year alone.”

Tidewater Community College “For students who pursue the new “textbook-free” degree, the total cost for required textbooks will be zero. Instead, the program will use high quality open textbooks and other open educational resources, known as OER, which are freely accessible, openly licensed materials useful for teaching, learning, assessment and research. It is estimated that a TCC student who completes the degree through the textbook-free initiative might save one-third on the cost of college.”

TEXTBOOKS, (UN)BUNDLED WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 24

Typical textbook cycle WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 25

Adopting an open textbook • Andrea Everard, Associate Professor • Accounting & MIS • MISY427 Information Technology Applications in Management - Fall 2011 • Link to blog post and video testimonial

Costs associated with potential textbooks for MISY427

Source: Ben Britton on Flickr

BARRIERS TO OPEN WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 29

Perception of quality • Outside resources: • “Not mine” • “Not peer-reviewed” • “Not someone I know” • Personal resources: • Copyright confusion • “Not perfect enough to share” WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 30

Startup cost and time • Finding • Vetting • Sequencing • Remixing • Filling up gaps • Assembling in a web format • Missing ancillaries and homework-as-a-service WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 31

OTHER OPENNESSES WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 32

Buy one, get one “The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.” “Director John Holdren has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.” results-federally-funded-research WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 33

Open access research

Open educational practices • http://openteaching.ud-

Personal learning networks Attribution: Alec Couros (courosa) on

Public engagement you.html?_r=0

CONCLUSION WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 38

Learning resources ecosystem WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 39

Curriculum design • Commercial textbook selection • Build from scratch • Learning objectives • Course outline • Explore OER • Identify gaps • Explore commercial options • Remix, repurpose • Build, share, improve WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 40

Course continuous improvement with OER

Open as a competitive advantage • Selling your program as “textbook-free” • Custom course content vetted and adapted yearly by your professors • 21st century scholarship (open and networked) • Faculty development • Public engagement


Explore OER on your own! Explore and submit UD resources List of global resources

Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate Educational Technologist IT Academic TechnologyServices WhyOpenMatters-M.Plourde-March13,2014 45

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