One dimensional arrays

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Published on March 6, 2014

Author: satyamsoniok

Source: slideshare.net

Description

One dimensional arrays

One-Dimensional Arrays By Satyam soni Array (subscripted variable, indexed variable) An array is a data structure in C++ that consists of a group of like-type data where each element in the array is easily referred to by an index. x[0] x[1] Example: int main() { const int N = 10; //10 elements in the array double x[N],y[N]; //define arrays x and y x[0] = 10; //assign value to x[0] x[1] = 20; y[0] = 33; y[1] = 43; …. x[9] array x array y x y 10 33 20 43 y[0] y[1] y[9] 1 1

Declaring arrays Arrays are declared like other variables, except that the identifier is followed by brackets containing a value specifying the size of the array. Form: type ArrayName[ArraySize]; Array Name – any valid identifier. Array Value – a constant variable, expression, or literal. Examples: const int N = 30; int A[N], B[2*N], C; double Grades[100], Monthly_Sales[12], Total; char Initials[3];

Working with arrays elements Elements in an array are easily referred to using the subscript (or index). The index for the first element is 0. If an array has size N, then the indices run from 0 to N-1. A(2) refers the third element in array A and may be treated as any other variable. Example: const int N = 4; // specify the array size * int A[N]; // declare the array A[0]=10; // assigning a value to A[0] A[1]=20; A[2] = A[0] + A[1]; // array elements used in expressions A[N-1] = A[N-2]; // array indices can be expressions cout << A[2]; // printing one value of the array // *Note: It is good practice to use variables for array sizes

Initializing arrays 1) 2) Elements in array may be initialized in two ways: Explicitly (using an assignment statement for each element) Using a list. A list is denoted using braces, with element in the list separated by a comma. Initializing arrays explicitly Easily accomplished using a for loop. Example: Explicitly initialize all elements in an array to 5.0 const int Asize = 100; int A[Asize]; for (int i = 0; i < Asize; i++) A[i] = 5.0;

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