Published on March 14, 2014
‘Oliver Twist’, subtitled ‟The Parish Boy's Progress’, is the second novel by English author Charles Dickens, published by Richard Bentley in 1838. „Oliver Twist’ is notable for Dickens's unromantic portrayal of criminals and their dirty lives. The book exposed the cruel treatment of the many orphans in London during the Dickensian era. Introduction
Oliver means „holly‟ „Pure‟ and also extreme power of tolerance. In French word „Puer aeternus‟(child Hero) and „Senex‟ archetypes which means Old hero. Oliver is symbol of holiness which present in his name.
Oliver Twist was born into a life of poverty and misfortune in a workhouse in an unnamed town. This novel subtitled as The „parish boys progress- Oliver's journey back to his origin.‟ Oliver is meagerly provided for under the terms of the Poor Law, and spends the first nine years of his life at a baby farm in the 'care' of a woman named Mrs. Mann.
"Please, sir, I want some more“ The many symbols Oliver faces are primarily good versus evil, with evil continually trying to corrupt and exploit good, but good winning out in the end. On many levels, Oliver is not a believable character, because although he is raised in corrupt surroundings, his purity and virtue are absolute As the child hero of a melodramatic novel of social protest, Oliver Twist is meant to appeal more to our sentiments than to our literary sensibilities.
In the novel, Dickens uses Oliver‟s character to challenge the Victorian idea that paupers and criminals are already evil at birth, arguing instead that a corrupt environment is the source of vice. Oliver‟s moral principles about the holiness of property seem inborn in him. Even when he is ill-treated and manipulated, Oliver does not become angry or indignant.
Oliver does not present a complex picture of a person torn between good and evil—instead, he is goodness personified. “I Wished to show in little Oliver the principle of good surviving through every adverse circumstance and triumphing at last” -Charles Dickens
An early example of the social novel, the book calls the public's attention to various contemporary evils, including child labour, the employment of children as criminals, and the presence of street children. His dramatic escape from situation we can see that some how someone help him for escaping this shows that he is Devine child.
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