Office of the Director of National Intelligence

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Information about Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Published on August 10, 2007

Author: roycekitts

Source: slideshare.net

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Office of the Director of National Intelligence Organizational Study Daniel Ireton Eric Hutchinson Emme Lopez Royce Kitts

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Mission Statement The purpose of this organization is to centralize the existing, but fragmented, sources for intelligence in America in order to defend American lives and interest and advance American Values. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence is in the intelligence business. It draws strength from America’s democratic institutions, diversity and intellectual and technological prowess. Its core competencies include the gathering, dissemination, and control of national and international intelligence. This intelligence includes anything that may influence American interest at home and abroad.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence

 

Office of the Director of National Intelligence What are the principles/values that guide your organization? Collect, analyze, and disseminate accurate, timely, and objective intelligence, independent of political considerations, to the President and all who make and implement U.S. national security policy, fight our wars, protect our nation, and enforce our laws. Conduct the U.S. intelligence program and special activities as directed by the President. Transform our capabilities in order to stay ahead of evolving threats to the U.S. , exploiting risk while recognizing the impossibility of eliminating it.

What are the principles/values that guide your organization?

Collect, analyze, and disseminate accurate, timely, and objective intelligence, independent of political considerations, to the President and all who make and implement U.S. national security policy, fight our wars, protect our nation, and enforce our laws.

Conduct the U.S. intelligence program and special activities as directed by the President.

Transform our capabilities in order to stay ahead of evolving threats to the U.S. , exploiting risk while recognizing the impossibility of eliminating it.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Principles/Values cont’d Deploy effective counterintelligence measures that enhance and protect our activities to ensure the integrity of the intelligence system, our technology, our armed forces, and our government’s decision processes. Perform our duties under the law in a manner that respects the civil liberties and privacy of all Americans.

Principles/Values cont’d

Deploy effective counterintelligence measures that enhance and protect our activities to ensure the integrity of the intelligence system, our technology, our armed forces, and our government’s decision processes.

Perform our duties under the law in a manner that respects the civil liberties and privacy of all Americans.

Factors influencing the organization.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Social Structure Size The ODNI is a very large, encompassing the intelligence departments of every branch of the military, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Department of Energy, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of State, the Department of the Treasury, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, the National Reconnaissance Office, and the National Security Agency.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Centralization During the cold war, information gathering, verification, filtering, and directing were disparate tasks. Often, information gathered in the field, would work its way up the chain of command only to be stale by the time of its application. The ODNI is an office that changes the old understanding of the intelligence game. Rather than a hierarchical structure, the ODNI is a nebulous system wherein all American governmental intelligence-gathering agencies come under its direction. It is an adaptive and asynchronous neural network of data diffusion. This is necessary evolution in order for the quickest routing and application of important intelligence.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Formalization The ODNI is extremely formal without so much as a casual Friday. The entity is the fruition of a long-standing need in the intelligence community for centralization in order to coordinate the overall intelligence effort. Based upon the events of 9/11 and the subsequent report published in 2004. Congress and the President created the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. This act allowed for the creation of the ODNI and President Bush’s appointment of its first director, John D. Negroponte, then ambassador to Iraq.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Culture Individualism vs. Collectivism Individual agents pushed towards collective interests Separate intelligence entities function as individual operatives Altered since the inception of the ODNI – cultural change from rivalry to cooperation Now a collective culture across the board – at least in theory Public vs. Private Entities Levels of Bureaucracy Red Tape

Culture

Individualism vs. Collectivism

Individual agents pushed towards collective interests

Separate intelligence entities function as individual operatives

Altered since the inception of the ODNI – cultural change from rivalry to cooperation

Now a collective culture across the board – at least in theory

Public vs. Private Entities

Levels of Bureaucracy

Red Tape

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Problems in the Environment The 9/11 Commission report devised an organizational solution to a managerial problem Majority of commissioners on commission report were lawyers with little or no intelligence background. When people outside the organization suggest reorganization without knowledge of organization culture and environment this leads lead: Short run disorganization long term-failure

Problems in the Environment

The 9/11 Commission report devised an organizational solution to a managerial problem

Majority of commissioners on commission report were lawyers with little or no intelligence background.

When people outside the organization suggest reorganization without knowledge of organization culture and environment this leads lead:

Short run disorganization

long term-failure

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Problems in the Environment Some point to the idea that this position is called the Intelligence Czar as a harbinger of its own failure. (e.g.-drug czar.) Coordination and centralization are not synonyms! Agency Rivalry Reasons -turf wars -political fight

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Aspects of Environment Transition induced dysfunction. Reorganization can be looked at as a token effort since it is easier to rework job titles and organizational charts than to address “real” problems -highly visible action -impression of vigorous response Some would counter that the creation of the ODNI actually weakened National Security because the people who would be employed to work at the ODNI would be pulled from more mission critical tasks in other intelligence community organizations, causing further disorganization.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Environment Dominant Group The dominant group in the intelligence community is a group comprised of Cabinet level and Executive Level appointees. This group usually comes into intelligence management with very little intelligence background. They are then put in charge of people with many years of service in the intelligence community. The changing intelligence community workforce has resulted in fewer and fewer employees having careers more than 5 years in the intelligence field, which has led to a significant failure in the intelligence community overall structure.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence History of the Environment In many respects the ODNI is a flawed fix for a managerial problem that was given a organizational solution. Failures on the part of installed protocol mechanisms were ignored and the necessary information was not channeled to the proper sources. Instead of adjusting the protocol, reorganization was considered the best solution to fix a perceived problem of organization. A current cause of ill will between agencies under the financial management of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence is that agencies are no longer in control of their own money. Instead the ODNI can now channel funds as it deems necessary to fulfill the organization’s goal. This has led to an increase in competition between agencies and less cooperation than before the creation of the ODNI. The exact opposite of the mission statement.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence History But the failure lies not in the ODNI alone, the creation of the office itself was not without historical president. But each time abandoned. In 1979 President Carter created a temporary position of coordinator of national intelligence, very similar to the ODNI of today. This program was suspended in 1992, and further actions on the part of Congress were never able to revive it. That is until the 9/11 Commission Report. This report laid out the problems inherent in the intelligence community and offered guidelines in how it could be repaired/overhauled. And of course the 9/11 Commission Report is the result of the events on September 11th, 2001.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Physical Structure Closed and Distinct

Physical Structure

Closed and Distinct

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Organizational Structure of the ODNI

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Scenario One: Dismantling of Office Legislation After 9/11 – Office of the Director of National Intelligence was created Centralized all operations Democratic President elected into office – hurrah Democracy Push to reverse measures taken under former administration ODNI is abolished Return to isolationism? Elimination of Bureaucracy?

Scenario One: Dismantling of Office

Legislation

After 9/11 – Office of the Director of National Intelligence was created

Centralized all operations

Democratic President elected into office – hurrah Democracy

Push to reverse measures taken under former administration

ODNI is abolished

Return to isolationism? Elimination of Bureaucracy?

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Scenario 1 Legislation What would happen if legislation changed the structure of the intelligence community again? The Law of Crisis Stabilization: Return to the last known form of the organization that worked. -Potentially an even greater disorganization would permeate the organization and oversight of the intelligence community just now adjusting to the new structure. -However, reverting back to “communities of practice” would provide the information creation-dissemination framework needed to bring stability and viability to the organization once again.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Scenario 1 Legislation -Financially, the change would bring about individual control over finances. Without having to worry about budgets, the organizations under the oversight of the ODNI can once again concentrate on intelligence gathering and management. -There is also the potential that legislation that would be created turning the office into a best practices control group, much like the private sector has the National Intelligence Community. The NIC’s job is to bring private IC companies together and work out ways of streamlining the flow of information from the ‘field’ to the ‘user’. In many ways the ODNI is just another barrier, and legislation at this point is the only legal way it can be removed.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Scenario II Describe the scenario An al Qaeda operative successfully assumes the cyber identity of several key decision makers in the ODNI.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Identify the implications of that situation on the organization. Bad decisions are made based on false information and U.S. security is compromised. The media fallout is huge.

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Scenario II Organizational Fallout

Scenario II

Organizational Fallout

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Scenario II Components of Systems Theory Task/Technological Subsystem Administrative/Structural Subsystem Subsystem of Individuals Emergent Subsystem

Scenario II

Components of Systems Theory

Task/Technological Subsystem

Administrative/Structural Subsystem

Subsystem of Individuals

Emergent Subsystem

Technology now comes from the top down, instead of being suggested by interactions between various agencies.

Technology has helped to create a work flow that helps to reinforce suggested protocols for information transfer. Work Flow Environment of the ODNI

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Questions?

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