Published on April 6, 2014
“Of Machines and Men” Artificial Intelligence and Decision Making Abdel Salam Sayyad Ph. D. Candidate West Virginia University A faculty candidate talk given at St. Mary’s College of Maryland April 4th, 2014
Bio • 2011 - 2014 – Ph.D. Student, West Virginia University • 2005 - 2011 – Instructor of Computer Engineering, Birzeit University • 2000 - 2005 – Electronic Engineer, Patton Electronics Company, Maryland • 1998- 2000 – Master’s Student, University of Maryland • 1993- 1998 – Bachelor’s Student, Birzeit University 2
Fiction or Futuristic? • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05bGPiyM4jg • DISCLAIMER – We at St. Mary’s College of Maryland DO NOT CONDONE racial slurs against robots or persons of robotic heritage. 3
Fiction or Futuristic? • What’s the common thread among: – I, Robot – The Matrix – 2001: A Space Odyssey – Terminator? • Why is it frightening if machines where to make decisions on behalf of people? • How’s that different from using machines to help people make decisions? • When would you feel safe around a robot? 4
Who’s a better decision maker? • Case 1: (I, Robot) • After an accident, a robot calculated that detective Spooner had a 45% chance of survival, but a little girl only had an 11% chance. So, the robot maximized utility and pursued the goal that was most likely to succeed, saving detective Spooner although he pleaded with the robot to save the little girl. • Would a human, given the same knowledge of probabilities, have made a similar decision? • Was it OK to program the robot such that he overruled detective Spooner’s orders? 5
Who’s a better decision maker? • Case 2: (Deep Blue vs. Garry Kasparov) • 1st Match (1996): Kasparov won 4-2 • 2nd Match (1997): Deep Blue won 3.5-2.5 • According to Nate Silver, in game 1 of the 2nd match, Deep Blue made a random move due to a software glitch. Kasparov was thrown off because he couldn’t understand the rationale behind the move, and that led him to lose game 2, which he could have drawn. • Read about it in: 6
Decision Making • Decision Space: – What are all the possible combinations of decisions that can be made? • Objective Space: – How do we measure the “goodness” of each combination of decisions? 7
Genetic Algorithms 8 … and the “optimum” solution is: The fittest individual in the final generation.
Multi-Objective Optimization: No single “optimum” solution 9 Higher-level Decision Making The Pareto Front The Chosen Solution
Survival of the fittest (according to NSGA-II [Deb et al. 2002]) 10
Survival of the fittest (according to IBEA [Zitzler and Thiele 2004]) 11 • Repeat till Pt and Qt are down to the size of Pt: – Compare every individual’s dominance with respect to everyone else – Sort all instances by F – Delete worst, recalculate, delete worst, recalculate, … • Continuous dominance criterion.
Soccer 12 THE BETTER TEAM LOST!!! Better skills Better passes Controlled the ball longer Better coordination But… scored less
Soccer tournament • Did you win? Lose? Or tie? • Win = 2, Loss = 0, Tie = 1. • You are worth your total points. 13 Game Team 1 Team 2 1 Won 6-1 Tied 1-1 2 Won 8-0 Won 2-0 3 Lost 0-1 Won 1-0 Total points 4 5 WHICH ONE IS THE BETTER TEAM?!
The Future of Decision Making • Collaborative • Distributed • Teams of Machines and People. 14
Presentación que realice en el Evento Nacional de Gobierno Abierto, realizado los ...
In this presentation we will describe our experience developing with a highly dyna...
Presentation to the LITA Forum 7th November 2014 Albuquerque, NM
Un recorrido por los cambios que nos generará el wearabletech en el futuro
Um paralelo entre as novidades & mercado em Wearable Computing e Tecnologias Assis...
Gender balance in decision-making positions; Database; Search. Home All Topics. Fundamental Rights. EU citizenship and free movement. ... Women and men in ...
Why Ethics is a High Hurdle for AI ... makers” that can’t be bridged by simply giving an ethical reasoner decision-making ... The term machine ethics ...
AAAI 2015 Fall Symposium ... The second is from Complex Operational Decision Making in Networked Systems of ... Should AI produce machines that ...
Of machines and men: a cautionary note on the use of robots in decision-making experiments: Rick K. Wilson, Roberta Q. Herzberg: Pages: 157 - 172: doi>10 ...
Gender balance in decision-making: promoting equal participation of women and men in decision-making positions. Justice. Accessibility tools. Home; Menu ...
The Coevolution of AI and AAAI. ... Artificial Intelligence for Decision Making Book Title Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems
Artificial intelligence (AI) ... demonstrate the true capability of AI to solve practical decision-making problems. ... Machine learning and statistical or ...
Learn how to use more than 40 different decision making techniques to make better decisions, faster. ... Decision Making How to Make Better Decisions.
The AI agent is controlled by an external ... Robots/Machines. ... RAIR Lab's mechanization of moral reasoning and decision-making, see the ...