Occupied germany 1945 1955

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Published on February 4, 2014

Author: mckric

Source: slideshare.net

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Yr 1 University Lecture about the Occupation of Germany

Occupied Germany And The German Division Richard M McKenzie MA – Reading University © University of Reading 2006 www.reading.ac.uk 1

Give me 12 years….. • 50% of all dwellings destroyed • 300,000 civilian deaths (US Strategic Bombing Survey, 1945) • 11 million men POW’s (Der Stern, 2005) • 123 women for every 100 men (Kirk, 1958, 5) • Civilians receive only 53% of calories received in 1938 • Average weight for a woman 1947 98lb (6 ½ St or 43.5Kg) http://www.britishpathe.com/video/britishsection-of-berlin/query/berlin+1945 2

Capitulation and Occupation 3

Occupation of Germany and Berlin 4

Allied Policy Potsdam Agreement 2/8/1945 • • The 5 D’s Demilitarisation – • Denazification – – – – • Removal of means of weapons production Control of heavy industries and arms industries Decentralisation – – • Establishment of political parties Freedom of the press Freedom of religion Freedom to create labour unions Disarmament – – • Nazi party and organs forbidden Removal of all Nazi officials from all public offices Nüremburger Prozess/Nuremburg Trials Fragenbogen Democratisation – – – – • Disbandment of military, paramilitary and NS military units Political Industrial – Removal of cartels http://www.britishpathe.com/video/potsdam-conference/query/berlin+1945 5

One Germany Two Countries • • West 1947 – Länder elections – Marshall Plan – Bi-zone • 1948 – – – – • Currency Reform – Introduction of the DM in West Zones and Berlin Frankfurt Documents/Frankfurter Dokumente Grundsesetz/Basic Law June Berlin Airlift Begins 1949 – – – – – April NATO established May Berlin Airlift ends 23 May Signing of Basic Law 14th August 1 Federal elections 15th September Bundestag elects Konrad Adenauer Chancellor 6

http://www.1000dokumente.de/ 7

One Germany Two Countries East • 1945 – Sept expropriation of all farms above 100ha – Oct expropriation of all Nazi property and businesses • 1946 – KPD and SPD unite to make SED – 1946-1949 establishment of Bloc Parties – LDPD/CDU/DBD/NDPD • 1947 – June Economic control in SBZ by Deutsche Wirtschaftskomission—DWK • 1949 – First SED Party conference – 7th October DDR established 8

www.germanwarfilm.co.uk 9

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