Occasion of 1 Corinthians

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Information about Occasion of 1 Corinthians
Spiritual-Inspirational

Published on March 15, 2014

Author: cgarland

Source: authorstream.com

Occasion of 1 Corinthians: Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: Paul entered Corinth having suffered great persecution and expulsion from Thessalonica, Philippi, and Berea. Athens had not brought much success (Acts 17:34). When he began his ministry among the Corinthians, he did so in great “weakness and fear, and with much trembling” (1 Cor. 2:3). Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: The Lord sent Paul a vision to encourage him (Acts 18:10) and Paul pressed on, founding several house churches, and teaching the converts the Christian traditions (1 Cor. 11:23; 15:3). Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: Paul stayed on in Corinth for awhile, then set sail for Antioch by way of Ephesus. While at Ephesus, Paul received a report from the household of Chloe that there were divisions and strife in the church at Corinth (1 Cor. 1:10-11). Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: At about the same time, three men, Stephanas , Fortunatus , and Achaicus , arrived at Ephesus to make a contribution to Paul’s ministry (16:17) and deliver a letter from the church at Corinth (1 Cor. 7:1). Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: This letter from Corinth was in fact a response to a previous letter from Paul (1 Cor. 5:9) now lost. They may have brought the letter to Paul as a kind of official delegation. Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: Although they claimed to have remembered Paul in everything and to have held to the teachings he passed on to them (1 Cor. 11:2), they revealed a number of serious issues at Corinth that did not follow his teachings. Paul immediately sat down to write a letter to deal with these concerns. Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: In 1 Corinthians 1-6, Paul confronts the issues reported to him from Chloe’s household: Divisions at Corinth - 1:10-4:21 Incest Allowed Among Them - 5:1-13 Lawsuits Between Believers - 6:1-11 Fornication - 6:12-20 Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: The rest of the epistle deals with the issues from the delegation’s letter. Most of these are introduced with the formula, “now concerning” ( peri de; cf. 1 Cor. 7:1, 25; 8:1, 4; 12:1; 16:1, 12). Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: These issues include: Conjugal Needs in Marriage - 7:1-24 Virgins - 7:25-40 Attending Temple Feasts - 8:1-11:1 Custom of Veiling Women - 11:2-16 Order at the Lord’s Table - 11:17-34 Abuse of Spiritual Gifts - 12-14 The Resurrection - 15:1-58 Collection for the Jerusalem Church - 16:1-11 Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: Thus we see at least twelve issues specifically addressed in Paul’s letter to the Corinthians. Paul also mentions the return of Apollos and makes several concluding exhortations and remarks in chapter 16:12-24. Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: We know that when Paul sent his first letter (1 Corinthians), he planned to return to Corinth but, for whatever reasons, needed to stay at Ephesus until Pentecost. He was concerned enough with the problems at Corinth that he immediately sent Timothy in his stead, and urged the Corinthians to receive him (1 Cor. 16:5-11; cf. Acts 19:22 and perhaps Phil. 2:19). Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: Paul made plans to retrace his steps and visit the churches of Macedonia and then arrive in Corinth before winter. Unfortunately, however, news of further trouble at Corinth reached Paul and, scrapping his former plans, Paul hastened to Corinth. Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: The result was a painful, and evidently rather ineffective visit (2 Corinthians 2:1). Leaving Corinth, but undaunted in his concerns for them, Paul writes another letter (now lost) “out of much affliction and anguish of heart and with many tears” (2 Corinthians 2:3 ff.). He sends it to the Corinthians by the hand of Titus. Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: At last, this letter hits home and the Corinthians respond with humility and repentance (2 Corinthians 7:8-16; cf. 2:5-11). Paul is much relieved and encouraged by the news from Titus of their restoration. Occasion of 1 Corinthians Occasion of 1 Corinthians: These circumstances are illustrated in the diagram on the next page. Occasion of 1 Corinthians PowerPoint Presentation: Paul founds the church at Corinth. Apollos visits the church at Corinth. Paul writes his first letter to the Corinthians (now lost). Some from Chloe’s household report problems and the delegation gives Paul the letter from Corinth. Corinthians fall into spiritual elitism and heresy. Paul writes 1 Corinthians and sends it with Timothy. Paul writes another letter (now lost) and sends it with Titus. Paul pays a painful visit to Corinth. Paul leaves without success. Continued Paul travels on to Ephesus. PowerPoint Presentation: Paul writes 2 Corinthians with great joy. Titus meets Paul with news that all is well. Corinthians repent of their sin. Paul leaves Ephesus to meet Titus. Continued Occasion of 1 Corinthians: 1 Corinthians is therefore a thoroughly “ad hoc” or occasional letter. Everywhere in this epistle Paul is dealing with problems of Christian conduct in the church at Corinth. This letter thus becomes a “gold mine” of practical advice for personal behavior and conduct in the local church. Similar problems of divisions, lawsuits, marital difficulties, sexual immorality, customs, and misuse of spiritual gifts confront the church today. Occasion of 1 Corinthians

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