Published on March 19, 2014
How do open source software andHow do open source software and open standards work together?open standards work together? FOR AN OPENFOR AN OPEN OPENOPEN PROTOCOLSPROTOCOLS INTEROPERABLE INTERNET OF THINGS
"The largest standards group for electronic commerce on the Web" Over 5,000Over 5,000 participantsparticipants representing morerepresenting more than 600than 600 organizations andorganizations and individualsindividuals 70+ technical70+ technical committeescommittees producing royalty-producing royalty- free and RANDfree and RAND standardsstandards
What's “IoT”? Kevin Ashton, 2009, coins "Internet of Things" phrase to describe a system where the Internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors
How Ubiquitous? Gartner: “IoT Installed Base Will Grow to 26 Billion Units By 2020.” That number might be too low. ● Every mobile ● Every auto ● Every door ● Every room ● Every sensor in every device … in every bed, chair or bracelet ... in every home, office, building or hospital room … in every city and village ... on Earth ... ● Every part, on every parts list
The Challenges Every one of those sensor and control points is generating data. Often, it's very informative and very private data. Systems are needed to help those devices talk to each other, manage all that data, and enforce proper access control.
Big Data means BIG Challenges All of the messaging, management, and access control technologies used in these large-scale device networks must be massively scalable.
Open Protocols Current Internet and software methods are highly modular (APIs), highly distributed (Cloud) and "loosely coupled" (SOA). In today's systems, every LEGO brick comes from a different source – and they all still must snap together. This requires open, rapid and safeopen, rapid and safe development methods.
Open, Rapid and Safe: Open Source and Open StandardsOpen Source and Open Standards OPEN: Both work well. Easy to join, transparent to review. RAPID: Open source methods work well. Rapid iterations and ease of contributions promote rapid development. (1) SAFE: Open standards methods work well. Strong IPR rules, balanced participation, neutral governance = usable work. (2)
Fast open standards groups ... and solid open source projects ... work together very well Many open standards projects are robustly supported by free & open source software. Web standard (3) FOSS browsers (4) Identity standard (5) FOSS toolkits (6)
Giant ecologies can grow from open projects, promoting widespread use and adaptation. Fast open standards groups ... and solid open source projects ... work together very well One open standard (UBL for e-invoicing) generates many local profiles, regional public projects and open source tools. (7)
Giant ecologies can grow from open projects, promoting widespread use and adaptation. This works in the Internet of Things, too. Fast open standards groups ... and solid open source projects ... work together very well The OASISOASIS MQTT TC (8) standardizes this industry protocol for lightweight sensor and device coordination, complemented and informed by Eclipse'sEclipse's open source implementation project. The two projects feed each other improvements, on a non- exclusive basis, as others also may build to it.
Key Challenges for an Open Internet of Things Lightweight protocols for devices to work together, communicate Unique and extensible identifiers for all those billions of devices Demand for API access and interoperability Cybersecurity Privacy and Policy
Key standards projects for an Open Internet of Things Lightweight protocols for devices to work together, communicate OASIS MQTT, MQTT-SN (8) OASIS SmartGrid projects (9) Unique and extensible identifiers for all those billions of devices Multiple new projects, XRI(10) , UUIDs, etc. Demand for API access and interoperability SOA/Cloud orchestration (11) and API standardization (AMQP, MQTT, OData) (12) Cybersecurity KMIP, SAML, XACML/JSON, PKCS11, CloudAuthZ (13) Privacy and Policy PMRM, PbDSE, and Personal Data Stores (14)
Open Standards and Open Source Projects will accelerate the development of the IoT
Questions?Questions? www.oasis-open.org email@example.com
Notes 1. FOSS: http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/c3em21d2_en.pdf (UNCTAD); http://www.netvibes.com/cabinetoffice#Open_Source (UK Action Plan). 2. Open Standards: http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/17-tbt_e.htm (WTO); http://www.talkstandards.com/standards-and-oss/. 3. HTML: http://www.w3.org/html/. 4. HTML FOSS Browsers: http://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/new/ (Mozilla); http://www.w3.org/Amaya/ (Amaya). 5. SAML: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/security. 6. SAML FOSS Toolkits: http://saml.xml.org/wiki/saml-open-source-implementations.
7. UBL: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/ubl (OASIS); http://www.nesubl.eu/ , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OIOXML , http://www.peppol.eu/pilot-reporting , http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/library/x-ind-disrubl/ , http://www.opensourceacademy.eu/index.php?id=59 (guides); http://openinvoice.org/ubl4j/, http://sourceforge.net/projects/freeb-ubl , http://xmltools.oio.dk/oioonlinevalidator/ehandel/0p71/Invoice/ , http://www.ubl-italia.org/ubl-italia/imple/pgcl.asp?p=418, http://www.simpleubl.com/articles/what-is-nes/ (tools). 8. MQTT: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/mqtt (OASIS); http://wiki.eclipse.org/Paho (Eclipse); http://mqtt.org/news (industry). Notes
9. SmartGrid, Devices: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_cat.php?cat=smartgrid. 10. Identifiers: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/xri (XRI); https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/xdi (XDI). 11. SOA and Cloud: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/soa-rm (SOA); https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_cat.php?cat=cloud (cloud computing). 12. API-oriented standards: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/amqp (AMQP); https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/odata (OData); MQTT (fn 8). 13. Cybersecurity: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_cat.php?cat=security. 14. Privacy standards: https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/pmrm (Privacy Model); https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/pbd-se (Privacy by Design); https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_cat.php?cat=privid (other). Notes
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