Nutrition of racing sled dogs (Part 4)

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Information about Nutrition of racing sled dogs (Part 4)
Science-Technology

Published on October 20, 2008

Author: dominiquegrandjean

Source: authorstream.com

Slide 1: Prof. Dominique GRANDJEAN K9 Breeding and Sport Medicine National Veterinary School of Alfort Tom Cooley ISDVMA Memorial Award Pride Lifetime Achievement Award NUTRITION A keyword to performance and prevention in the racing sled dog Part 4 Slide 2: NUTRITION OF RACING SLED DOGS 1/ Historical approach 2/ Energy : from quantity to quality 3/ A mandatory protein/energy ratio 4/ Oxidative stress : a key concept 5/ Nutrition as a prevention tool 6/ Practical feeding 7/ The key points of sled dog nutrition Slide 3: Conception of the feeding program Annual periods Traiining Transitions Competition Plateau Detraining Transitions Rest Maintenance Slide 4: Maintenance balanced dry food (27/10) solution 1 With a dry food base Complement Proteins Energy Minerals Vitamins Conception of the feeding program Slide 5: Solution 1 Complement to a complete balanced dry food for racing sled dogs Proteins complement Meat meal [60 p.100] Fish meal [10 p.100] Egg powder [15 p.100] Casein + Methionine [5 p.100] Yeast [qsp] Minerals [qsp] Trace-elements + vitamins [qsp] Lipid complement Poultry fat . Fatty acids (n-3) [salmon oil] . Fatty acids (n-6) [vegetable oil] . SCFA [coprah oil] 2/3 1/3 Slide 6: solution 2 Transition Transition Eventual specific work supplement during intense stress periods With a food transition Maintenance Dyr food Maintenance Dyr food High Prot High Fat Dry Food (30-35/22-30) Conception of the feeding program Slide 7: Complement to a complete balanced dry food for racing sled dogs Solution 2 Meat meal [40 p.100] Fish meal [10 p.100] Egg powder [10 p.100] Poultry fat [25 p.100] Sunflower oil [5 p.100] Coprah oil [5 p.100] Salmon oil [2 p.100] MVC [3 p.100] Specific Industrial Complements . [40 à 50 p.100 Prot/DM 40 à 50 p.100 Fat/DM] Or Slide 8: Dry food [35/30] + Wet complement [13/28] p.100 of ration 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 90 100 Kcal / day 32 31 30 28 27 26 24 20 Prot/ME (%) Slide 9: Practical feeding of racing sled dogs using a complete balancer dry food (35/30) and a dedicated complement (45/45) Proportion Dry food*/ Complement** 80/20 70/30 60/40 50/50 40/60 Kcal ME/kg (%DM) # 4 550 # 4 650 # 4 750 # 4 850 # 5 000 Prot. (%DM) 37 38 39 40 41 Fat (%DM) 34 36 38 40 42 % cal. Prot.*** 31.5 31.6 31.6 31.7 31.8 * Complete balanced dry food « 35/30 » ** Working complement « 45/45 » *** Essential respect of ratio prot/cal. Slide 10: Practical Feeding Ad libitum or not Ad libitum ? Prevention of poor drinking during races Watering Slide 11:  Fractioned  Feed 1/4 3 hours prior racing and ¾ one hour after  Digestive behaviour . Times of feeding [prevention of stress diarrhea] . Stomach behaviour [dry vs rehydrated] Meals Practical Feeding Slide 12: Nutrition : a key point for prevention Stress Diarrhea Dehydration Syndrom Prevention through practical feeding Slide 13: NUTRITION OF RACING SLED DOGS 1/ Historical approach 2/ Energy : from quantity to quality 3/ A mandatory protein/energy ratio 4/ Oxidative stress : a key concept 5/ Nutrition as a prevention tool 6/ Practical feeding 7/ The key points of sled dog nutrition Slide 14: Feed the correct amount of energy Rest 1100 kcal Iditarod 11000 kcal 4000 kcal Complément [# 4800 kcal/kg] Dryfood [#4800 kcal/kg] The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 15: Work Complement Dryfood Casein Eqt 30 p100 Satured fat 30 p100 MSC fat 25 p100 Omega 6/3 fat 5/1p100 Yeast 4p100 MVC 6p100 “45/45” “35/30” Slide 16: Feed the correct quality of energy Long satured fatty acids Short and Medium chains fatty acids Omega 3 fatty acids Glycogen resynthesis The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 17: Feed a diet coping with induced stress consequences Related problems . Stress Diarrhea Dehydratation Syndrom . Rhabdomyolisis . Sudden Death Syndrom .  Cognitive functions .   Performance The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 18: Nutritional approach of stress prevention . Protein level > 30p100 DM/En [PCR > 65 g / Mcal] . Omega 3 fatty acids . Antioxydants  vitamin E/C  polyphenols  bioflavonoids  SOD  … . Clays, FOS, MOS, psyllium The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Feed a diet coping with induced stress consequences Slide 19: . Top quality dry food up to 4000 - 5000 kcal / day then . Top quality energy / protein complement Feed a highly digestible / concentrated diet The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 20: . Individual gastric response to stress [dry or watery] . Divide meals as much as possible . As early as possible after racing Food distribution The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 21: . Recovery helpers : 30 minutes after stamina  glycogene recharge  energy enhancers . Immediate energy sources  short-medium chain fatty acids  isotonic electrolytes Food distribution Snacks Reynolds, 1996 The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 22: . Dogs education in kennel . Use or abuse of electrolytes . Fat oxidation is metabolic water . Long distance : requirements  x 2 to 7 Food distribution The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 23: . L carnitin . Vitamin E . Vitamin C . Vitamins B . GAGS . Lutein, carotene, polyphenols . Probiotics . … Ergogenic aids carotene The key points of racing sled dogs nutrition Slide 24: BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SURVEY GENETIC SELECTION TRAINING PROGRAMS NUTRITION PLANS RESPECT OF HIGH MOTIVATION KEYS TO PERFORMANCE IN RACING DOGS TRANSPORTATION LIFE IN KENNEL EQUIPMENTS Slide 26: www.dominiquegrandjean.com

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