Nursing Skills: Charting

50 %
50 %
Information about Nursing Skills: Charting

Published on December 12, 2007

Author: Bates2ndQuarterLPN

Source: slideshare.net

Description

For those of you who want to get a head start on the chartsmart, these are the applicable slides. Also, Brenda has a sheet of "Descriptive Terms" that you will want for that project. She handed it out to a few people the other day who wanted to get a head start on the charting assignment.

CHARTING

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD PERMANENT ACCOUNT TRACKS PT PROGRESS/CARE GIVEN SHARING INFORMATION PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY QUALITY ASSURANCE ACCREDITATION 6 ITEMS THAT MUST BE DOCUMENTED INSURANCE REIMBURSEMENT RESEARCH LEGAL EVIDENCE FOR MALPRACTICE SUITS ASSURES CONTINUITY OF CARE

PERMANENT ACCOUNT

TRACKS PT PROGRESS/CARE GIVEN

SHARING INFORMATION

PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY

QUALITY ASSURANCE

ACCREDITATION

6 ITEMS THAT MUST BE DOCUMENTED

INSURANCE REIMBURSEMENT

RESEARCH

LEGAL EVIDENCE FOR MALPRACTICE SUITS

ASSURES CONTINUITY OF CARE

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD PERMANENT RECORD WRITTEN IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER FILED IN MEDICAL RECORDS DEPT FOR FUTURE USE/REFERENCE

PERMANENT RECORD

WRITTEN IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

FILED IN MEDICAL RECORDS DEPT FOR FUTURE USE/REFERENCE

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD SHARING INFORMATION FACILITATES EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION BETWEEN STAFF PREVENTS DUPLICATION ERRORS (MEDS, DRESSING CHANGE, ACTIVITY, DIETS, ETC.)

SHARING INFORMATION

FACILITATES EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION BETWEEN STAFF

PREVENTS DUPLICATION ERRORS

(MEDS, DRESSING CHANGE, ACTIVITY, DIETS, ETC.)

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY NEVER LEAVE CHART IN A PUBLIC PLACE. DISCUSS CONTENTS ONLY WITH PERSONS DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN THE PATIENT’S CARE OR THOSE THAT ARE AUTHORIZED BY THE PATIENT. THESE PEOPLE SHOULD BE LISTED BY NAME. ASK FOR ID PRIOR. DO NOT DISCUSS PT OR PT INFO IN PUBLIC PLACES, EG. ELEVATORS, CAFTERIA.

PATIENT CONFIDENTIALITY

NEVER LEAVE CHART IN A PUBLIC PLACE.

DISCUSS CONTENTS ONLY WITH PERSONS DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN THE PATIENT’S CARE OR THOSE THAT ARE AUTHORIZED BY THE PATIENT. THESE PEOPLE SHOULD BE LISTED BY NAME.

ASK FOR ID PRIOR.

DO NOT DISCUSS PT OR PT INFO IN PUBLIC PLACES, EG. ELEVATORS, CAFTERIA.

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD QUALITY ASSURANCE A PEER REVIEW PROCESS CONDUCTED BY A STAFF NURSE AND PHYSICIAN ESTABLISHES AND REFLECTS AGENCY STANDARDS

QUALITY ASSURANCE

A PEER REVIEW PROCESS CONDUCTED BY A STAFF NURSE AND PHYSICIAN

ESTABLISHES AND REFLECTS AGENCY STANDARDS

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD ACCREDITATION JCAHO (JOINT COMMISSION ON ACCREDITATION OF HEALTH ORGANIZATION)/DSHS STATE (EXTENDED CARE) SETS MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR STAFFING THE AMERICAN NURSE’S ASSOCIATION SETS THE STANDARDS FOR PT CARE & DOCUMENTATION FOR NURSE’S

ACCREDITATION

JCAHO (JOINT COMMISSION ON ACCREDITATION OF HEALTH ORGANIZATION)/DSHS STATE (EXTENDED CARE)

SETS MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR STAFFING

THE AMERICAN NURSE’S ASSOCIATION SETS THE STANDARDS FOR PT CARE & DOCUMENTATION FOR NURSE’S

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD SIX ITEMS THAT NURSES MUST DOCUMENT ASSESSMENT NURSG DX AND PT NEEDS INTERVENTIONS CARE PROVIDED PT RESPONSE TO CARE PTS ABILITY TO MANAGE CONTINUING CARE AFTER DISCHARGE

SIX ITEMS THAT NURSES MUST DOCUMENT

ASSESSMENT

NURSG DX AND PT NEEDS

INTERVENTIONS

CARE PROVIDED

PT RESPONSE TO CARE

PTS ABILITY TO MANAGE CONTINUING CARE AFTER DISCHARGE

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD REIMBURSEMENT LACK OF DOCUMENTATION MAY RESULT IN DENIAL FOR PAYMENTS FROM MEDICARE AND PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES. THIS PUTS THE BURDEN OF PAYMENT ON THE PATIENT.

REIMBURSEMENT

LACK OF DOCUMENTATION MAY RESULT IN DENIAL FOR PAYMENTS FROM MEDICARE AND PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES. THIS PUTS THE BURDEN OF PAYMENT ON THE PATIENT.

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD RESEARCH DATA ON TREATMENTS, MEDS, AND THERAPY INFO FOR TUMOR BOARDS, DOCTOR’S ROUNDS, NURSING ROUNDS, ETC. BE AWARE OF PRIVACY ISSUES NURSES, STUDENT NURSES USE FOR CARE PLANS.

RESEARCH

DATA ON TREATMENTS, MEDS, AND THERAPY

INFO FOR TUMOR BOARDS, DOCTOR’S ROUNDS, NURSING ROUNDS, ETC.

BE AWARE OF PRIVACY ISSUES

NURSES, STUDENT NURSES USE FOR CARE PLANS.

USES FOR THE MEDICAL RECORD LEGAL EVIDENCE RECORDS ARE CONSIDERED LEGAL OR POTENTIAL LEGAL DOCUMENTS MAY BE SUBPEONAED AS EVIDENCE BY ATTORNEY OR NURSING BOARDS. CHECK FOR DEVIATIONS FROM FACILITY POLICY OR STANDARDS. EACH HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ABC’S OF RECORDING. ACCURACY, BRIEF, COMPLETE.

LEGAL EVIDENCE

RECORDS ARE CONSIDERED LEGAL OR POTENTIAL LEGAL DOCUMENTS

MAY BE SUBPEONAED AS EVIDENCE BY ATTORNEY OR NURSING BOARDS. CHECK FOR DEVIATIONS FROM FACILITY POLICY OR STANDARDS.

EACH HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ABC’S OF RECORDING. ACCURACY, BRIEF, COMPLETE.

ACCESS TO CHARTS PATIENT’S RIGHTS WHO OWNS CHART AGENCY POLICY

PATIENT’S RIGHTS

WHO OWNS CHART

AGENCY POLICY

ACCESS TO CHARTS PATIENT’S RIGHTS/AGENCY POLICY PATIENTS HAVE THE RIGHT TO THE INFO IN THEIR CHARTS. THEY DO NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO SEE THE CHART ON DEMAND OR REMOVE ANYTHING FROM THE CHART, OR REMOVE THE CHART FROM THE FACILITY.

PATIENT’S RIGHTS/AGENCY POLICY

PATIENTS HAVE THE RIGHT TO THE INFO IN THEIR CHARTS.

THEY DO NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO SEE THE CHART ON DEMAND OR REMOVE ANYTHING FROM THE CHART, OR REMOVE THE CHART FROM THE FACILITY.

ACCESS TO CHARTS WHO OWNS THE CHART A PATIENT’S CHART IS THE PROPERTY OF THE FACILITY. IT IS THE FACILITY WHICH SETS THE POLICY AND MAKES APPOINTMENTS FOR VIEWING OF THE CHART.

WHO OWNS THE CHART

A PATIENT’S CHART IS THE PROPERTY OF THE FACILITY. IT IS THE FACILITY WHICH SETS THE POLICY AND MAKES APPOINTMENTS FOR VIEWING OF THE CHART.

TYPES OF PATIENT RECORDS SOURCE-ORIENTED PROBLEM-ORIENTED

SOURCE-ORIENTED

PROBLEM-ORIENTED

TYPES OF PATIENT RECORDS SOURCE ORIENTED MOST TRADITIONAL DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES CHART ON SEPARATE FORMS. EACH READER MUST CONSULT VARIOUS PARTS OF THE RECORD TO GET A COMPLETE PICTURE. RECORDS BECOMES BULKY.

SOURCE ORIENTED

MOST TRADITIONAL

DIFFERENT DISCIPLINES CHART ON SEPARATE FORMS.

EACH READER MUST CONSULT VARIOUS PARTS OF THE RECORD TO GET A COMPLETE PICTURE.

RECORDS BECOMES BULKY.

TYPES OF PATIENT RECORDS PROBLEM ORIENTED COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS POR. ORGANIZED ACCORDING TO PROBLEM. FOUR PARTS: A. DATA BASE. THE PATIENTS PRESENT HEALTH STATUS. B. PROBLEM LIST. NUMBERED LIST OF HEALTH PROBLEMS. C. INITIAL PLAN. PLAN TO HELP OVERCOME HEALTH PROBLEMS. D. PROGRESS NOTES. ALL DISCIPLINES CHART ON SAME PAGE.

PROBLEM ORIENTED

COMMONLY REFERRED TO AS POR.

ORGANIZED ACCORDING TO PROBLEM.

FOUR PARTS:

A. DATA BASE. THE PATIENTS PRESENT HEALTH STATUS.

B. PROBLEM LIST. NUMBERED LIST OF HEALTH PROBLEMS.

C. INITIAL PLAN. PLAN TO HELP OVERCOME HEALTH PROBLEMS.

D. PROGRESS NOTES. ALL DISCIPLINES CHART ON SAME PAGE.

METHODS (STYLES) OF CHARTING NARRATIVE SOAP SOAPIER FOCUS DATA ACTION RESPONSE PIE EXCEPTION CHARTING

NARRATIVE

SOAP

SOAPIER

FOCUS

DATA

ACTION

RESPONSE

PIE

EXCEPTION CHARTING

NARRATIVE CHRONOLOGICAL BASELINE CHARTED QSHIFT LENGTHY, TIME-CONSUMING SEPARATE PAGES FOR EACH SOURCE-ORIENTED

CHRONOLOGICAL

BASELINE CHARTED QSHIFT

LENGTHY, TIME-CONSUMING

SEPARATE PAGES FOR EACH

SOURCE-ORIENTED

SOAP USED FOR PROBLEM-ORIENTED CHARTS S – SUBJECTIVE. WHAT PT TELLS YOU. 0 – OBJECTIVE. WHAT YOU OBSERVE, SEE. A – ASSESSMENT. WHAT YOU THINK IS GOING ON BASED ON YOUR DATA. P – PLAN. WHAT YOU ARE GOING TO DO. CAN ADD TO BETTER REFLECT NURSING PROCESS I – INTERVENTION (SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS IMPLEMENTED) E – EVALUATION. PT RESPONSE TO INTERVENTIONS. R – REVISION. CHANGES IN TREATMENT.

USED FOR PROBLEM-ORIENTED CHARTS

S – SUBJECTIVE. WHAT PT TELLS YOU.

0 – OBJECTIVE. WHAT YOU OBSERVE, SEE.

A – ASSESSMENT. WHAT YOU THINK IS GOING ON BASED ON YOUR DATA.

P – PLAN. WHAT YOU ARE GOING TO DO.

CAN ADD TO BETTER REFLECT NURSING PROCESS

I – INTERVENTION (SPECIFIC INTERVENTIONS IMPLEMENTED)

E – EVALUATION. PT RESPONSE TO INTERVENTIONS.

R – REVISION. CHANGES IN TREATMENT.

EXAMPLE OF SOAP CHARTING #1 ALTERATION IN COMFORT. ABDOMINAL PAIN. S – COMPLAINS OF PAIN IN RUQ O – IS PALE AND HOLDING RIGHT SIDE A – RECURRING ABDOMINAL PAIN P – PUT ON NPO AND NOTIFY PHYSICIAN

#1 ALTERATION IN COMFORT. ABDOMINAL PAIN.

S – COMPLAINS OF PAIN IN RUQ

O – IS PALE AND HOLDING RIGHT SIDE

A – RECURRING ABDOMINAL PAIN

P – PUT ON NPO AND NOTIFY PHYSICIAN

FOCUS CHARTING USES NARRATIVE DOCUMENTATION (DAR) DATA – SUBJECTIVE OR OBJECTIVE THAT SUPPORTS THE FOCUS (CONCERN) ACTION – NURSING INTERVENTION RESPONSE – PT RESPONSE TO INTERVENTION

USES NARRATIVE DOCUMENTATION (DAR)

DATA – SUBJECTIVE OR OBJECTIVE THAT SUPPORTS THE FOCUS (CONCERN)

ACTION – NURSING INTERVENTION

RESPONSE – PT RESPONSE TO INTERVENTION

EXAMPLE OF FOCUS CHARTING D – COMPLAINING OF PAIN AT INCISION SITE ON LEVEL OF #7 A – REPOSITIONED FOR COMFORT. DEMEROL 50MG IM GIVEN. R – (CHARTED AT A LATER DATE.) STATES A DECREASE IN PAIN, “FEELS MUCH BETTER.”

D – COMPLAINING OF PAIN AT INCISION SITE ON LEVEL OF #7

A – REPOSITIONED FOR COMFORT. DEMEROL 50MG IM GIVEN.

R – (CHARTED AT A LATER DATE.) STATES A DECREASE IN PAIN, “FEELS MUCH BETTER.”

PIE CHARTING Similar to SOAP charting Both are problem-oriented PIE comes from the Nursing Process, SOAP comes from a Medical Model. P - Problem I -Intervention E -Evaluation

Similar to SOAP charting

Both are problem-oriented

PIE comes from the Nursing Process, SOAP comes from a Medical Model.

P - Problem

I -Intervention

E -Evaluation

SAMPLE OF PIE CHARTING P#1 Risk for trauma related to dizziness. IP#1 Instructed to call for assistance when getting OOB. Call light in reach. EP#1 Consistently call for assistance before getting OOB. Continues to experience dizziness.

P#1 Risk for trauma related to dizziness.

IP#1 Instructed to call for assistance when

getting OOB. Call light in reach.

EP#1 Consistently call for assistance

before getting OOB. Continues to

experience dizziness.

CHARTING BY EXCEPTION USES FLOWSHEETS EMPHASIS ON ABNORMAL (WHAT IS ABNORMAL FOR THIS PATIENT. ALTHOUGH IT MAY BE ABNORMAL FOR THE “NORMAL” PERSON, IF IT IS ABNORMAL FOR YOUR PATIENT ON A CONSISTENT BASIS, IT IS NO LONGER CONSIDERED AN “EXCEPTION”. ADVANTAGE

USES FLOWSHEETS

EMPHASIS ON ABNORMAL (WHAT IS ABNORMAL FOR THIS PATIENT.

ALTHOUGH IT MAY BE ABNORMAL FOR THE “NORMAL” PERSON, IF IT IS ABNORMAL FOR YOUR PATIENT ON A CONSISTENT BASIS, IT IS NO LONGER CONSIDERED AN “EXCEPTION”.

ADVANTAGE

COMPUTERIZED CHARTING PASSWORD. NEVER SHARE. CHANGE FREQUENTLY. LEGIBLE CAN BE VOICE-ACTIVATED, TOUCH-ACTIVATED. DATE AND TIME AUTOMATICALLY RECORDED. ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS ARE SELECTED BY A MENU PROVIDED BY THE FACILITY. TERMINALS ARE USUALLY EASILY ACCESSIBLE, IN PT ROOMS, CONVENIENT HALLWAY LOCATIONS. MAKE SURE TERMINAL CANNOT BE VIEWED BY UNAUTHORIZED PERSONS.

PASSWORD. NEVER SHARE. CHANGE FREQUENTLY.

LEGIBLE

CAN BE VOICE-ACTIVATED, TOUCH-ACTIVATED.

DATE AND TIME AUTOMATICALLY RECORDED.

ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS ARE SELECTED BY A MENU PROVIDED BY THE FACILITY.

TERMINALS ARE USUALLY EASILY ACCESSIBLE, IN PT ROOMS, CONVENIENT HALLWAY LOCATIONS.

MAKE SURE TERMINAL CANNOT BE VIEWED BY UNAUTHORIZED PERSONS.

KARDEX QUICK REFERENCE CHANGED AS NEEDED NOT PART OF PERMANENT RECORD

QUICK REFERENCE

CHANGED AS NEEDED

NOT PART OF PERMANENT RECORD

ABBREVIATIONS YOU MUST USE YOUR FACILITY’S APPROVED ABBREVIATIONS. BE AWARE THAT A LOT OF COMMONLY USED ABBREVIATIONS: EG. TID, BID, QOD, HS ARE NO LONGER ALLOWED AND SHOULD BE CURRENTLY BEING PHASED OUT OF YOUR FACILITY.

YOU MUST USE YOUR FACILITY’S APPROVED ABBREVIATIONS.

BE AWARE THAT A LOT OF COMMONLY USED ABBREVIATIONS: EG. TID, BID, QOD, HS ARE NO LONGER ALLOWED AND SHOULD BE CURRENTLY BEING PHASED OUT OF YOUR FACILITY.

CHANGE OF SHIFT REPORT PERSON TO PERSON BE PREPARED AVOID GOSSIP/SOCIALIZATION TAPE RECORDER

PERSON TO PERSON

BE PREPARED

AVOID GOSSIP/SOCIALIZATION

TAPE RECORDER

INCIDENT REPORTS OBJECTIVE DO NOT BLAME OR ADMIT LIABILITY WHAT DID YOU DO? DO NOT INCLUDE NAMES/ADDRESSES OF WITNESSES DOCUMENT TIME/NAME OF DOCTOR DO NOT FILE IN CHART DO NOT WRITE “INCIDENT REPORT MADE”

OBJECTIVE

DO NOT BLAME OR ADMIT LIABILITY

WHAT DID YOU DO?

DO NOT INCLUDE NAMES/ADDRESSES OF WITNESSES

DOCUMENT TIME/NAME OF DOCTOR

DO NOT FILE IN CHART

DO NOT WRITE “INCIDENT REPORT MADE”

CORRECTING ERRORS IF YOU SPILL SOMETHING ON THE CHART, DO NOT DISCARD NOTES. RECOPY, PUT ORIGINAL AND COPIED SHEETS IN CHART. WRITE “COPIED” ON COPY. DO NOT SCRIBBLE OUT CHARTING. AVOID USING “ERROR” OR “WRONG PATIENT” WHEN MAKING CORRECTION. FOLLOW YOUR FACILITIES POLICY. DO NOT ALTER CHARTING, IT IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT.

IF YOU SPILL SOMETHING ON THE CHART, DO NOT DISCARD NOTES. RECOPY, PUT ORIGINAL AND COPIED SHEETS IN CHART. WRITE “COPIED” ON COPY.

DO NOT SCRIBBLE OUT CHARTING.

AVOID USING “ERROR” OR “WRONG PATIENT” WHEN MAKING CORRECTION.

FOLLOW YOUR FACILITIES POLICY.

DO NOT ALTER CHARTING, IT IS A LEGAL DOCUMENT.

Add a comment

Related pages

Nursing Skills Charting - scribd.com

Nursing Skills Charting - Download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online.
Read more

Nursing Skills - University of Cincinnati

Nursing Skills • Accurately gather information in a systematic manner in order to determine the health-related needs • Assessed patient status ...
Read more

Nursing Skills: Charting - PdfSR.com

charting uses for the medical record permanent account tracks pt progress/care given sharing information patient confidentiality quality assurance ...
Read more

List of Top Nursing Skills For Your Resume - thebalance.com

List of nursing skills for resumes, cover letters and interviews, plus more lists of health care skills and keywords.
Read more

Charting and documentation guide for nursing students

Charting and documentation guide for nursing students November 21, 2014. ... After reviewing your charting, your nursing preceptor will co-sign.
Read more

Nursing Skills : Charting - Dec 2011 NLE Results

Nursing Skills : Charting. #1 source of information for nurses all over the world. NurseReview.Org - Free Online Review for Nurses
Read more

NURSING SKILLS AND MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION - Official Site

nursing skills and medication administration checklist (nsmac) school of nursing, rn program shepherd university rev. 01/2014
Read more

Improves Nursing Skills - EBSCOhost

Improves Nursing Skills in Many Areas. Your entire nursing staff can greatly improve their clinical nursing skills in an effective manner with the evidence
Read more

17 Tips to Improve Your Nursing Documentation

17 Tips to Improve Your Nursing Documentation. By Katie Morales on Thu, ... Regardless of the charting method used, nursing documentation must be: Objective;
Read more