Nuremberg Trials

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Information about Nuremberg Trials

Published on March 9, 2008

Author: matt

Source: slideshare.net

Justice at Nuremberg

“ The privilege of opening the first trial in history for crimes against the peace of the world imposes a great responsibility. The four great nations flushed with victory and stung with injury, stay the hand of vengeance and voluntarily submit their captive enemies to the judgment of the law. The crimes which we seek to condemn and punish have been so calculated, so malignant and so devastating, that civilization cannot tolerate their being ignored, because it cannot survive their being repeated.” Justice Robert Jackson, Chief Prosecutor for the United States

Setting the Stage The French, Russians, and British supported summary executions of war criminals United States pushed for a trial August, 1945 - Allies create the International Military Tribunal London Charter outlined rules of trial and crimes to be tried

The French, Russians, and British supported summary executions of war criminals

United States pushed for a trial

August, 1945 - Allies create the International Military Tribunal

London Charter outlined rules of trial and crimes to be tried

The Crimes Conspiracy to Wage Aggressive War - focused on policies before the war Waging Aggressive War - the planning and initiation of war War Crimes - treatment of POWs, bombing of civilians, and slave labor Crimes Against Humanity - Death camps, killing squads, and concentration camps

Conspiracy to Wage Aggressive War - focused on policies before the war

Waging Aggressive War - the planning and initiation of war

War Crimes - treatment of POWs, bombing of civilians, and slave labor

Crimes Against Humanity - Death camps, killing squads, and concentration camps

Selection of Defendants Six Nazi organizations tried 24 men who represented the major branches of Nazi government Hermann Goering and Rudolph Hess were the two highest ranking Germans tried

Six Nazi organizations tried

24 men who represented the major branches of Nazi government

Hermann Goering and Rudolph Hess were the two highest ranking Germans tried

Selection of Defendants

Selection of Defendants

Evidence

Evidence

Evidence

Evidence

Evidence

Evidence

Evidence

Results Three organizations found guilty 3 acquitted, 8 given sentences, 13 sentenced to death Goering would cheat his sentence and commit suicide Only Albert Speer would admit guilt

Three organizations found guilty

3 acquitted, 8 given sentences, 13 sentenced to death

Goering would cheat his sentence and commit suicide

Only Albert Speer would admit guilt

Results

Legacy While 100’s of Nazis were prosecuted throughout Europe, many escaped Many claimed they were just “following orders” “ Crimes Against Humanity” established A permanent international tribunal on war crimes - only moderately successful Nuremberg proceedings immediately documented Hitler’s rise to power and his role in the war

While 100’s of Nazis were prosecuted throughout Europe, many escaped

Many claimed they were just “following orders”

“ Crimes Against Humanity” established

A permanent international tribunal on war crimes - only moderately successful

Nuremberg proceedings immediately documented Hitler’s rise to power and his role in the war

“ [Germany] allowed itself to be robbed of its conscience and its very soul. Evil masters came who awakened its primitive passions and made possible the atrocities which I have described to you. In truth, the crime of these men is that they caused the German people to retrogress more than 12 centuries. - French prosecutor, Charles Dubost

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