NSF IntlCollaborations20 07

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Published on January 18, 2008

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Slide1:  Supporting International Collaborations for U.S. researchers at the National Science Foundation South Carolina Universities Workshop, Clemson University April 20, 2007 Wayne Patterson Program Manager for Developing Countries Office of International Science and Engineering National Science Foundation Outline:  Outline Introduction to NSF International Collaboration at NSF Support for Faculty Programs for Postdoctoral researchers Programs for students Outline:  Outline Introduction to NSF International Collaboration at NSF Support for Faculty Programs for Postdoctoral researchers Programs for students NSF in a Nutshell:  NSF in a Nutshell Independent USG Agency Funds basic research & education Uses peer-reviewed grant mechanism Low overhead; highly automated grant management processes Discipline-based structure Bottom-up proposal driven Cross-disciplinary mechanisms Use of Rotators/IPAs National Science Board Slide5:  NSF Role in Research and Development Fiscal Year 2004 Total U.S. National R&D - $312B Industry 64% Other 6% Federal 30% Total Federal R&D Obligations $101B NSF 4% Total Federal Basic Research $27B NSF 13% Total Federal Academic Basic Research - $14B NSF 21% Other 79% Latest complete data currently available Other 87% Other 96% Slide6:  NSF Funding FY06 Budget: 95% awards, 5% administration Each year NSF receives over 41,000 proposals and about 10,000 new awards are made (23% funding rate) The average annual research grant is 3 years at $140,000/year. Awards are made to over 2,000 US colleges, universities and other research institutions. Slide7:  NSF Support for Basic Research at Academic Institutions Share of Total Federal Support - FY 2004 Preliminary NSF funding for South Carolina Universities:  NSF funding for South Carolina Universities Survey of South Carolina NSF-funded universities 17 universities, 4 technical colleges, 10 other awardees Total of 320 active NSF awards Total value of these: $217,679,626 44 (13.8%) involving international collaboration Only 6 (1.9%) in the Office of International Science and Engineering Numbers of Awards in SC:  Numbers of Awards in SC Value of Awards in SC:  Value of Awards in SC Where in the World is South Carolina?:  Where in the World is South Carolina? Antartica Argentina Armenia Belarus Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Central America China Colombia Domenica East Asia and Pacific Ecuador France Germany Hungary India Italy Japan Korea Kyrgyzstan Mexico Mongolia Nepal Peru Russia South Africa Spain Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom Venezuela Or …:  Or … What happens to your proposal when it arrives at NSF…?:  What happens to your proposal when it arrives at NSF…? Slide14:  Proposal Review Criterion Intellectual Merit Potential to advance knowledge within and across fields Qualifications of investigators Creativity and originality Conceptualization and organization Access to resources Slide15:  Proposal Review Criterion Broader Impacts Promoting of teaching, training and learning Participation of underrepresented groups (race, gender, geographic distribution, type of institution …) Enhancement of infrastructure for research and education Dissemination of results Benefits to society International collaboration Grantsmanship:  Grantsmanship Know yourself: Know your area of expertise, what are your strengths and what are your weaknesses; PUT YOUR BEST FOOT FORWARD; LITERATURE RESEARCH Know the program from which you seek support. Read the program announcement: specific goals and specific requirements Grantsmanship (cont):  Grantsmanship (cont) Formulate an appropriate research objective - a methodical process of building upon previous knowledge to derive or discover new knowledge Develop a viable research plan doable within a reasonable budget and in a reasonable time State your research objective clearly in your proposal Frame your project around the work of others Grammar and spelling check Grantsmanship (cont):  Grantsmanship (cont) Format and brevity are important; page limit Know the review process: Proposals - by panels must be written to a broader audience Proofread your proposal before it is sent: Many proposals are sent out with idiotic mistakes, omissions, and errors of all sorts. Submit your proposal on time – DON’T WAIT UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE Send proposals to other sources; build your team Volunteer to be a panelist References for grant writing:  References for grant writing www.nsf.gov – study programs, active awards, initiatives, etc TWELVE STEPS TO A WINNING RESEARCH PROPOSAL, George A. Hazelrigg, NSF – see: http://xsrv.mm.cs.sunysb.edu/300/lectures/proposal.pdf Outline:  Outline Introduction to NSF International Collaboration at NSF Support for Faculty Programs for Postdoctoral researchers Programs for students Slide21:  International Collaboration International collaboration is commonplace About 20% of the world’s scientific and technical articles in 2003 had authors from two or more countries, compared with 8% in 1988 One-quarter of articles with U.S. authors have one or more international coauthors, which is similar to the percentages for Japan, China, and the Asia-8. Slide22:  Discovery is a global enterprise. For the U.S. to remain in the forefront of world science and technology, it needs scientists and engineers from all disciplines who can operate and lead international teams and track international discoveries in some of the most challenging research areas. Arden L. Bement, Jr. NSF Director 2004 Slide23:  “Domestic and international collaborations are expanding in response to the complexities of new scientific fields, the growing scale and scope of scientific initiatives, new capabilities provided by advances in information and communications technologies, professional ties established during study or work abroad, and explicit government policies and incentives.” Source: National Science Board, Science and Engineering Indicators-2004 Slide24:  NSF International Objectives… A MEANS for advancing FRONTIER RESEARCH Provide ACCESS to sites, facilities, people, ideas Prepare a GLOBALLY ENGAGED U.S. S&E workforce Build and strengthen effective collaborations and institutional partnerships to address problems of a global/regional scale [NSF does NOT have a foreign affairs or foreign assistance mission] Outline:  Outline Introduction to NSF International Collaboration at NSF Support for Faculty Programs for Postdoctoral researchers Programs for students Support for International Activities:  Support for International Activities Supplements to existing NSF grants Part of new proposals to NSF disciplinary programs New proposals to Office of International Science and Engineering International activities embedded in disciplinary grants:  International activities embedded in disciplinary grants Facility Improvements and New Equipment for the Archbold Tropical Research and Education Center (ATREC), Dominica, Lesser Antilles Ickes, Kalan, Clemson University ATREC, located on the island of Dominica, the only non-marine field research station in the Lesser Antilles, and is composed of almost 20,000 ft2 of building space and 92 hectares of secondary forest. Wide variety of habitat types: lowland and montane rain forest, elfin forest, tropical dry forest, littoral forest, volcanic fumaroles and their associated highly specialized vegetation, beaches with nesting sea turtles, two freshwater lakes, one boiling lake, over a hundred rivers, and coral reefs. The Morne Trois Pitons National Park, a United Nations World Heritage site, is within walking distance. Field courses from seven U.S. universities have been based at ATREC, most returning year after year. Funds provided will address renovating the plumbing and roofing for the entire field station, creating a secure collections facility and wet lab within existing the existing structures, and updating existing classrooms and kitchen. The island of Dominica is one of the poorest countries in the Caribbean, but has unparalleled biological resources. ATREC provides tremendous opportunities for collaboration with the Dominica branch of the University of the West Indies and Dominica State College. International activities embedded in disciplinary grants:  International activities embedded in disciplinary grants Materials World Network: Design of Responsive Materials via Mixed Polymer Brush Approach Luzinov, Igor, Clemson University The focus of this work is on chemical design and characterization of novel responsive nanostructured materials, namely ultrathin films made of mixed polymer brushes, with controlled and variable hydrophilic/hydrophobic/ steric/inonic interactions. To accomplish the objectives of the project a US-German team of specialists possessing complementary expertise in the area has been assembled. The team includes: I. Luzinov (Clemson University, synthesis of (mixed) polymer brushes); S. Minko (Clarkson University, properties/applications of mixed polymer brushes); M. Stamm (Dresden Technical University and Leibniz-Institute for Polymer Research Dresden, protein adsorption onto the mixed polymer brushes); M. Mller (University of Gttingen, theoretical modeling of the mixed brushes); K. Hinrichs/N. Esser and K.-J. Eichhorn (Institute for Analytical Sciences in Berlin, study of the brushes with spectroscopic ellipsometry). International activities embedded in disciplinary grants:  International activities embedded in disciplinary grants Collaborative Research: Iron and Light Effects on Phaeocystis antarctica Isolates from the Ross Sea DiTullio, Giacomo, College of Charleston “The colonial prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis antarctica is a major bloom-forming alga in Antarctic shelf waters; where, alongside diatoms, it is considered a keystone species in its impact on regional biogeochemical cycling and ecosystem structure. Iron levels in these waters fall to values as low as ~0.1 nM during the mid to late summer, concentrations that are likely to limit the growth of phytoplankton, including P. antarctica. “In this project, P. antarctica will be collected from the southern Ross Sea and grown in semi-continuous batch cultures for use in experiments at the University of Charleston to investigate the effects of iron availability and irradiance on the growth rate, cellular iron quota, buoyancy, biogenic sulfur production, pigment content, redox-protein expression, and photosynthetic efficiency of P. antarctica. “This species may have also played a central role in the inferred basin- scale changes in biogeochemical cycles linked to glacial-interglacial climatic change.” Office of International Science and Engineering (OISE):  Office of International Science and Engineering (OISE) Proposals to OISE:  Proposals to OISE Planning Visits ($20,000 max) Workshops ($25-60,000) PASI ($65-100,000) Partnerships for International Research and Education ($2.5 million) http://www.nsf.gov/oise/ Planning Visits:  Planning Visits Short trips by US researchers in promising new areas Fully assess foreign expertise, facilities, equipment, data, experimental protocols, etc. Detailed preparation for collaborative research Used more often for countries where access is harder Example of Planning visit – Lawrence Pratt, Fisk:  Example of Planning visit – Lawrence Pratt, Fisk This award supports a planning visit to enable Professor Lawrence Pratt of Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee to meet with Professor Bui Manh Nhi at Ho Chi Minh City University of Pedagogy in Vietnam. The visit will include workshops consisting of lectures and laboratory exercises on computational chemistry applied to organolithium compounds that will train investigators and students in Vietnam. This will then lead to collaborative research projects between the Vietnamese, the PI and his graduate students at Fisk University in which the students will have the opportunity to visit the Ho Chi Minh City University. In turn some of the Vietnamese students may enroll in Fisk University for graduate work to further their collaborative research projects. The study of organolithium compounds is a field of major importance in the development of new synthetic methods, and computational methods are a major tool to study these compounds. Although Vietnam is a developing country without extensive laboratory facilities for research, the University of Pedagogy does have a computational chemistry laboratory that is sufficiently equipped for moderate research projects, or more extensive research projects in collaboration with other institutions. Workshops:  Workshops Co-organized by U.S. & foreign investigator NSF supports U.S. participants Identify areas of joint research; purpose is to develop new, targeted collaborations Outcome should be a proposal to one of the disciplinary offices within NSF Priorities vary by region Examples:  Examples Patterson and Jan Persens, University of the Western Cape, South Africa “The Mathematics of Computer Security”, Tunis, Tunisia, August 2004 Patterson and Ricardo Baeza-Yates, University of Chile “Computational Methods for Security in a Web Environment”, Arica, Chile, July 2006 Example – Chaden Djalili, USC:  Example – Chaden Djalili, USC US-Peru Workshop in Nuclear Physics and Its Applications, June 11-16, 2007, Cusco, Peru Djalali, Chanden, University of South Carolina This Americas Program award will support a workshop on nuclear physics and applications to be held in conjunction with the Seventh Latin American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications in Cusco, Peru, June 11-16, 2007. The workshop is being organized by Dr. Chanden Djalali of University of South Carolina, and Dr. Philip Cole of Idaho State University in collaboration with Dr. Fernando Umeres Sanchez of the Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Peru. This workshop will discuss topics presented at the symposium such as nuclear matter at high densities, nuclear astrophysics, neutrino physics, exotic nuclei, as well as photo- and electron-nuclear physics with the attendant applications of nuclear physics. Pan-American Advanced Studies Institutes (PASI):  Pan-American Advanced Studies Institutes (PASI) Short courses of two to four weeks duration, at the advanced graduate and post-doctoral level. Courses should involve distinguished lecturers and active researchers in the field, preferably from the Americas. PASIs aim to disseminate advanced scientific knowledge and stimulate training and cooperation among researchers of the Americas in the mathematical, physical, and biological sciences, and in engineering fields Recently Funded PASI’s:  Recently Funded PASI’s Modern challenges in statistical mechanics - Argentina Study of surfaces, interfaces and catalysis - Venezuela Physics at the nanometer scale - Argentina Green chemistry - Uruguay Quantum information - Brazil Materials for energy conversion and environmental protection – Brazil Process Systems Engineering - Argentina Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE):  Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) Cutting Edge scientific research Strong international partners Innovative models Involvement of students & junior researchers Institutional resources (IT, language/culture, curriculum, study abroad, other) 14-17, 5-year awards of up to $2.5M each Eligibility: Ph.D. granting in U.S. (20 in 2 years) Prelim proposal deadline: October 30, 2006 (limit 3 per institution) PIRE:  PIRE U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research and Education: Ultrafast and Nonlinear Optics in 6.1-Angstrom Semiconductors – PI: Junichiro Kono, Rice University PIRE:  PIRE Remote Sensing for Hazard Mitigation and Resource Protection in Pacific Latin America – PI: Gregg Bluth, Michigan Tech University PIRE – examples of FY05 projects:  PIRE – examples of FY05 projects UCSB and Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics: “Electron Chemistry and Catalysis at Interfaces.” 14 professors, extended research visits, jointly mentored grad students, summer schools, language training, tech transfer. PI Alex Wodtke. Penn State, NC A&T, U. Witwatersrand, as well as other U.S. institutions and scientists in 9 African countries: “PIRE-AfricaArray Project.” Geophysics focus, semester at university in Africa, e- and field courses, language training, HBCU involvement. PI Andy Nyblade. Outline:  Outline Introduction to NSF International Collaboration at NSF Support for Faculty Programs for Postdoctoral researchers Programs for students Postdoctoral Researchers:  Postdoctoral Researchers Participation in NSF disciplinary awards Disciplinary Postdoctoral Fellowships International Research Fellowships International Research Fellowships:  International Research Fellowships Designed to introduce young scientists to international research opportunities Provides support to carry out research at science and engineering establishments in foreign countries Research experiences range from tenures of 9 to 24 months Applications from women and minorities, and for work in developing countries are especially encouraged. International Research Fellowships – Eligibility Requirements :  International Research Fellowships – Eligibility Requirements U.S. citizenship or permanent residency Applicants must have a Ph.D. by the time IRFP tenure begins Applicants cannot have had their Ph.D. longer than two years at the time of application Deadline: October 3, 2006. Next year, Second Tuesday In September! Slide47:  “I look back and recognize how much my involvement [in Iceland] has shaped and opened up new opportunities. I am still actively working with my colleagues in Iceland…and my work there has enabled me to apply for positions (and receive job offers!) for which I would have otherwise been unqualified.” From the Participants... Slide48:  “Overall the fellowship seems to have had an extremely positive effect on my career…I was interviewed for four of the six tenure-track jobs for which I applied; I was given tenure-track job offers at two universities; and I have accepted my dream job at a four year research university.” From the Participants... Outline:  Outline Introduction to NSF International Collaboration at NSF Support for Faculty Programs for Postdoctoral researchers Programs for students Support for Students:  Support for Students Participation in NSF disciplinary awards Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) Program Graduate Research Fellowships Participation in OISE planning visits or workshops Dissertation Enhancement Awards East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes (EAPSI) International Research Experiences for Students International REU’s Dissertation Enhancement Research:  Dissertation Enhancement Research Supports doctoral student research in a foreign country Must be collaborative, with evidence of intellectual involvement of foreign institution U.S. faculty mentor is PI on proposal Up to $15,000 per award for up to 2 years Apply to NSF disciplinary program or OISE Deadlines: 9/15 and 2/15 annually for OISE; may vary for disciplinary programs Example of a Dissertation Enhancement Award:  Example of a Dissertation Enhancement Award Continuity Hypotheses Revisited: English L2 Acquisition of Bulgarian Nominal Domain Dubinsky, Stanley, University South Carolina With NSF support and under the direction of Stanley Dubinsky and Hyeson Park. Ms. Mila Tasseva-Kurktchieva will investigate the second language (L2) acquisition of the Bulgarian noun phrase by adult native speakers of English. The goals of this research are: (i) to test a new variant of the dynamic approach to the L2 acquisition of Bulgarian nominal structure, including the timing and order of acquisition of gender and number agreement, possessives, and definite determiners. The study will use a unique pool of subjects-US Peace Corps volunteers exposed to the target language through both immersion and classroom instruction. This research will be among a few studies to focus on the very early stages of L2 acquisition-three to four weeks after subjects' first exposure to the target language. Slide53:  East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S. Graduate Students (EAPSI) www.nsf.gov/eapsi Become an internationally experienced researcher. Spend eight weeks conducting research and experiencing life in: Australia, China, Japan, Korea, New Zealand or Taiwan EAPSI Applicant Eligibility:  EAPSI Applicant Eligibility U.S. citizen or permanent resident Enrolled at U.S. institution in a research oriented master’s, M.D. or Ph.D. degree program Fields of science or engineering supported by NSF and represented among host institutions December 12, 2006--Application deadline Slide55:     Unprecedented Number of Howard Students Selected by NSF for International Research April 25, 2006 In the Summer of 2006, Howard University will send its largest number of students ever to study and do research in Asia as a result of successful applications to the National Science Foundation by four Howard graduate students in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering.   Three of the four students, Ebonie Loftin, Ngizambote Mavana, and James Tolbert II, all master's students in Computer Science, were selected for the NSF's East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes to do research in South Korea. With three students selected for South Korea, Howard University led all universities in the United States in students selected for that country. The fourth student, Kenneth Bird, a third-year doctoral student in Electrical Engineering, was selected to do research in China. International Research Experiences for Students :  International Research Experiences for Students Can include graduate and undergraduate students Supports small groups of students in a focused field Awards of up to $50,000 per year for up to 3 years Deadlines: 9/15 and 2/15 IRES in Senegal:  IRES in Senegal When their DC-8 flew into a tropical storm off the coast of West Africa, Aaron Pratt and Tamara Battle realized their lifelong dream--to study storms and weather systems at their source. During that flight, lightning struck their plane. The resulting storm turned into a tropical depression and ultimately became known as Hurricane Helene, one of the strongest Atlantic hurricanes in 2006. “African dust is very critical for hurricane formation. One of our flights allowed us to see the dust kicked up in the Sahara Desert,” said Pratt, who is pursuing a doctorate in atmospheric science from Howard University in Washington, D.C., as is Battle. “I had never done research overseas before and didn’t know what to expect. Working with scientists in both Senegal and Cape Verde helped put our research in the proper perspective.” Graduate students study African storms onboard a DC-8 airplane to understand links to U.S. storms. IRES in Senegal (2):  IRES in Senegal (2) Dr. Gregory Jenkins of Howard University received an International Research Experiences for Students (IRES) award in 2006 to allow eighteen U. S. graduate students to conduct research with U. S. and Senegalese scientists in studying the effects of African weather systems on the United States. The award supports American students’ work with a large multinational team of scientists on a project called the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). Scientists and students from around the world are involved with the project, which is also funded by nations in Africa, Europe and Asia. IRES in Armenia: Coastal Carolina:  IRES in Armenia: Coastal Carolina Undergraduates in Armenia Investigating the Chemistry of Heterogeneous Catalysts Goodwin, John, Coastal Carolina University This US-Armenian project provides US undergraduate students opportunities for training and research in Yerevan, Armenia. The research activities revolve around porphyrin synthesis and isolation, heterogeneous catalysis, and molecular modeling. The principal investigators are John Goodwin from Coastal Carolina University and Tigran Kurtikyan from the Molecular Structure Research Center in Armenia. The US students spend eight-weeks in the Armenian laboratory where they benefit from the complementary expertise and instrumentation of the Armenian researchers. The subject research area has practical implications in the development of suitable catalysts for activation of atmospheric oxygen for a number of purposes. Development of robust heterogeneous catalysts for activation of molecular oxygen is important for a wide range of applications including environmentally-benign synthesis, water purification, fuel-cell technology, and on-site chemical nerve-agent decomposition. This project fulfills the program objectives of providing US students with a global perspective and opportunities for professional growth through international cooperative research training, networking and mentoring. REU International Site in Ghana:  REU International Site in Ghana Can the seeds of a pepper plant in West Africa be used as a crop insecticide here in the U. S.? Will the Ghanaian Mangrove oyster become one of our next delicacies? What is the necessary environment for the survival and propagation of a stingless bee? These and other questions are being explored by U. S. undergraduate students under the direction of Daniel Wubah, Professor of Biology at James Madison University. Sharonda Johnson taking extractions from a plant with her Ghanaian mentor, Dr. Yaw Opoku-Boahene REU International Site in Ghana:  REU International Site in Ghana According to one student, Akhil Rastogi, participating in this program was key to his admission into several professional and graduate schools because the first question at every interview was “tell us about the research that you did in Ghana.” The answers from the above? Dzifa Gbewonyor found that an extract from the Ashanti pepper plant seeds has an effect as an insecticide on cowpea plants. Alexandra Sutton discovered that harvesting the oysters has high potential, but further study on the oyster’s ability to filter salt content is necessary. And Nicholas Davenport demonstrated that deforestation has a negative effect on the survival of the stingless bee. REU International Site: Japan (USC):  REU International Site: Japan (USC) Chemical Engineering Research in Japan Amiridis, Michael, University of South Carolina This award supports the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of South Carolina (USC) for the establishment of a three-year Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Site in Japan. Students will be assigned an individual research project to work in the Fall Semester with faculty research mentors at Osaka University, Sophia University (Tokyo), and Kyoto University in collaboration with USC faculty. In addition, two USC U.S. graduate (Ph.D.) students will also travel to Japan together with the REU group and serve as mentors to the students while also doing research in Japan. Research projects will be on topics such as the catalytic role of supercritical water in organic reactions; molecular simulations of gas permeation through organic membranes; shock tube studies of the thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons; the synthesis of molecular composites; emission control during the pyrolosis of coal; and synthesis of nanoporous materials using copolymer gel templates. Looking Beyond the Borders: A Project Director’s Handbook of Best Practices for International REU’s www.nsf.gov/pubs/2006/nsf06204/index.html :  Looking Beyond the Borders: A Project Director’s Handbook of Best Practices for International REU’s www.nsf.gov/pubs/2006/nsf06204/index.html Slide64:  www.nsf.gov/oise wpatters@nsf.gov 703-292-8189

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