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Education

Published on January 11, 2008

Author: Bina

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  John Nousek (Penn State University) Swift & GRBs: Unveiling the Relativistic Universe, San Servolo, Venice, 5-9 June 2006 MOC Facility:  MOC Facility Has continuously operated Swift successfully from L+80 minutes to now! Located in State College, PA ~ 4 km. from Penn State campus Flight Operations Team (FOT) – responsible for observatory Health & Safety Science Operations Team (SOT) - responsible for scientific operation of Swift Slide4:  Mission Ops Center (MOC): Penn State Controls observatory, monitors health & safety, generates observing plans Flight ops: 3 Omitron, 2 PSU engineers BAT Instrument: Goddard Space Flight Center Monitors instrument, responds to GRBs, conducts sky survey Instrument personnel: GSFC plus Los Alamos XRT Instrument: Penn State Monitors instrument, responds to GRBs, conducts ToO observations Instrument personnel: PSU, plus Italy (Brera, ASDC, Palermo), & U. Leicester UVOT Instrument: Penn State Monitors instrument, responds to GRBs, conducts ToO observations Instrument personnel: PSU, plus Mullard (UK), & GSFC Pipeline processing: Goddard Space Flight Center GCN immediately distributes Swift messages to subscribers SDC processes data on receipt, and immediately posts on web Data Archiving & Science Support Cntr: Goddard Space Flight Center Archiving integrated with HEASARC, using standard tools & access Ground Network: Goddard Space Flight Center Malindi tracking station provided by Italian space agency (USN backup) TDRSS DAS & WDISC support provided by NASA Swift Operations Organization Slide5:  Publications in first 1.5 years ~120 papers published in ApJ, A&A, MNRAS ~60% with first author not on Swift team 13 Letters in Nature & Science (http://swift.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/swift/results/publist for list of papers and links) ~600 Swift GCN Circulars (plus ~800 community GCNs for Swift GRBs) ~50 ATELs and IAU Circulars 4 press events Publications Popular Science "Best of What's New in Space Science" Statistics courtesy of Neil Gehrels – Apr, 2006 Slide6:  Observatory Science Up-time: 96.7% Except for rare spacecraft or instrument down-time and SAA passage, Swift collects data continuously Ground Station Status: Nominal Malindi 5607 passes since Launch, 99.3% successful TDRSS DAS currently providing 99.3% success rate USN backup provided 3 successful of 3 requested passes since Apr, 2005 Observatory Status: Nominal ACS: executed 41,453 slews, >99% within 3’ accuracy All systems functioning properly, without any signs of degradation Observatory Lifetime: Above prediction Orbital life expected to >2013, no observatory or instrument limits known Flight Operations Team Response: Excellent On average, there was an FOT after hours response once every three days Science Operations Team Response: Excellent SOT has prepared schedules for Swift every day without an SOT induced error SOT/BA team has responded to every GRB with prompt (typical < 1 hour) data analysis and preparation of GCN circulars, ATELs etc for about 200 events Swift Observatory Status Swift meets or exceeds all Level 1 requirements ! Statistics from Rob Laverghetta, FOT as of 21 May 2006 Slide7:  BAT Status: Nominal All 16 detector modules functioning properly GRB discovery rate consistent with pre-launch predictions BAT in GRB detection mode for ~98% of total available time XRT Status: Nominal XRT detects ~97% of afterglows with prompt response TEC failure has been controlled by operations plan Micro-meteoroid impact has been limited to just 3 columns (of 600) UVOT Status: Nominal UVOT achieves proposed limiting sensitivity All components functioning properly, without any signs of degradation Flight Software Status: Nominal All three instruments have successfully upgraded on-board software & parameters Upgrades have enhanced operational efficiency & science return Data Capture: Nominal 99.99% of Engineering and Science Data captured on ground Swift Observatory Status - 2 Statistics from Rob Laverghetta, FOT as of 21 May 2006 Orbital Lifetime Alan Wells:  Orbital Lifetime Alan Wells Improved orbital prediction suggests extended mission life. Slide9:  Observatory Status: No known limits Design life is 5 years No sign of degradation in any system at this time No consumables Instrument Status: No known limits XRT micro-meteroid impact rate uncertain Wells et al. conducted study which estimated rate of 0.1-0.2 hits per year UVOT filter wheel is moving part; redundant assembly available Mission Life Projection: Exceeds launch prediction No obvious life limitations Probability is high that Swift will exceed 5 year lifetime goal Swift Mission Life Report from Alan Wells Slide10:  Swift observing time divided its time as follows: Cycle 3 will open ToO's to GI proposal Cycle 4 will open planned non-GRB targets to GI proposal * 153 ToO's requested/ 103 approved. Examples: Comet Tempel, RS Oph, supernovae Swift Observing Statistics Statistics through May 16 – courtesy of Kim Page Slide11:  GRB automated response, afterglow followup, GRB ToO: 64% Visible GRB afterglows receive top priority Typically 2-6 afterglows visible each day, but require ~4 targets per orbit Targets of Opportunity (non-GRB ToO): 10% Currently solicited via public webpage with 5 levels of urgency Approved by Neil Gehrels, Swift PI Swift AO-3 will allow peer review of ToO proposals Instrument Calibration: 6% Proposed by instrument teams as needed Fill-in Targets: 18% Selected from lists proposed by Swift team which survived internal peer review Only observed when no targets in higher priority levels are available Chosen with consideration to maximize sun angle and reduce XRT temperature Swift AO-4 will allow peer review of target proposals from general community Swift Observing Strategy SOT prioritizes targets by following criteria: Slide12:  Swift team provided targets in two rounds New round to be solicited by Neil Gehrels With Swift AO-4 non-team proposers will be able to request targets Subject to peer review, US proposers eligible to receive NASA funding Individual targets not guaranteed Equivalent to ROSAT, ASCA, etc, Type C time Fill-in Target Progress Report from Jamie Kennea – 31 May 2006 Example of “Hot/Cold” Skymap:  Example of “Hot/Cold” Skymap Fill-in target completion from Round 1:  Fill-in target completion from Round 1 Fill-in target completion from Round 2:  Fill-in target completion from Round 2 Slide16:  GSFC Swift Institutions Executive Committee G. Chincarini - Brera Obs. N. Gehrels - GSFC P. Giommi - ASI K. Mason - MSSL J. Nousek - PSU J. Osborne - U. Leicester A. Wells - U. Leicester N. White - GSFC Slide17:  Swift Observing Constraints Swift has the following visibility constraints: Constraint Spacecraft CHILE TAKO BAT UVOT EarthLimb 28° 28° 33°  26° Moon 21° 21° 23° 23° 19° Sun 45° 45° 46° 45° 44° Ram 5°  10°   Backup Slide – MAL Stats:  Backup Slide – MAL Stats Backup Slide – Sci Uptime:  Backup Slide – Sci Uptime

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