nonlinear history

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Information about nonlinear history

Published on September 27, 2007

Author: Sophia


Slide1:  Andrey Smirnov Nonlinear History Bolshaya Nikitskaya 13, 125871, Moscow, Russia Phone: (495) 629-7678 Slide2:  Rudolf Koenig’s “osciloscope” Slide3:  Spectrum analyzer Rudolf Koenig’s Slide5:  “Wavetable” synthesis Rudolf Koenig’s Slide6:  Pneumatic Additive synthesizer Rudolf Koenig’s Slide7:  Rudolf Koenig (?) With his pitch standard Slide10:  Inventor Lev Theremin (1896-1993) playing his thereminvox - first electronic musical instrument. Early 1920-s. Slide11:  Lev Theremin at NKVD (KGB) prison after his return to Soviet Russia. 1939-1947 Slide12:  Building of Moscow “Sharashka” - special prison for scientists Slide13:  Classical heterodyning type Theremin Circuitry Slide16:  Lev Theremin’s Great Seal Bug, “donated” to American Ambassador by Soviet “Pioneers” in 1945 Slide17:  Great Seal Bug construction – a sort of microwave theremin Slide19:  Soviet radiolocation systems, capable to produce and detect directed microwave radiation in 1940-s Slide20:  Commercial Laser-monitoring eavesdropping system, based on the same principle as Lev Theremin’s “Buran” system built in 1947 Slide22:  The poster of Lev Theremin’s lecture-concert (1920-s), where he presented different technical possibilities to combine music and color, music and gesture, music and tactile senses, music and smelts. Slide23:  Lev Theremin’s light instrument to control colored light during the performance, 1923. Slide24:  Lev Theremin’s TV system (Dalnovidenie), 1925, St.Petersburg/Moscow Slide26:  Klara Rokmore (left) dancing on TERPSITON - instrument for dancer to control sound by means of body movement, New York, 1932 Slide29:  Lev Theremin’s automatic door opening system Slide30:  Audio delay line, based on heating (1960-s) Slide32:  Military research at Moscow State Conservatory, 1940-s Slide33:  Poet Alexei Gastev (right), founder of the Central Institute of Labour, 1922 and psychologist Nikolai Bernshtein (left) with Maxim Gorki (center). Slide35:  Nikolay Bernshtein’s biomechanics Slide44:  Nikolai Bernshtein’s live Kimo-cyclograms of the swimming sportsmen. Different styles. Slide45:  The concept of Alive Motion Slide46:  Composer Aeseny Avraamov Slide50:  Ultruchromatic music - 96 (48) steps per octave Slide51:  One key of the Bow-Polychord (1916) The instrument for Ultrachromatic Music (the kind of microtonal music) 48 steps/octave Slide52:  Symphony of Sirens 1921-1923 Bacu / Moscow Slide54:  Symphony of Sirens, part of the score Slide55:  The beginning of the Symphony of Sirens. Parts of Sirens (top), motor-guns and cannons, used as a kind of percussion group. Slide56:  The basic setup of Moscow performance of Avrahamov’s Symphony of Factory Sirens (1921-1923) On the picture - alarm organ, including 50 steam alarms. Conductor (Avraamov) - on the roof. Slide57:  Arseny Avrahamov conducting his Symphony of Sirens, Moscow 1923 Slide59:  “Shorinophone” - device to produce sound films, late 1920’s, Russia Slide60:  Basic principles how to produce sound tracks Slide61:  Evgeny Sholpo working with his VARIOPHONE - device to produce artificial sound tracks. Slide62:  First painted soundtracks by Arseny Avrahamov 1930-1931 Slide63:  Polyphonic sound track by Evgeny Sholpo, created on his VARIOPHON instrument in 1931-1934 Slide64:  Nikolay Voinov working with his paper-sound technique (1931-1933) Slide65:  Nikolay Voinov’s NIVOTONE instrument Slide66:  Loading of the variophone disk into the optical system Slide67:  Variophone cardboard disks with the basic wave shapes Slide68:  Painted polyphonic soundtrack Slide69:  Boris Yankovsky soundtracks, created on his VIBROEXPONATOR in 1931-1936 Slide70:  Basic principles of the Vibroexponator operation Slide71:  Basic principles of the Vibroexponator operation Slide72:  Explanation of the additive synthesis and resynthesis of the syntones Slide73:  Boris Yankovsky explanations of the additive and formant synthesis, 1932-1936, Moscow Slide74:  Boris Yankovsky soundtracks of violin and speech sounds Slide75:  Boris Yankovsky synthesis of speech sounds and sounds of brass wind instruments Slide76:  Boris Yankovsky explanation syntones - spectral mutations from early 1930-s Slide77:  Boris Yankovsky explanation of his syntones - spectral mutations from early 1930-s Slide78:  Boris Yankovsky explanation of his syntones - spectral mutations from early 1930-s Slide79:  AudioSculpt (IRCAM, 90-s) The software for spectral analysis and spectral transformations: Spectral mutations and cross-synthesys MetaSynth (90-s) The software for spectral analysis, Synthesis, resynthesis and various spectral transformations Slide80:  Inventor Evgeny Murzin and ANS Synthesizer (development started in 1936, finished in 1958, Moscow) Slide81:  Big version of the ANS Synthesizer (1962) 720 sine oscilators 72 steps/octav Graphical score Slide82:  Composers, working with ANS synthesizer in 1968 (left to right): Eduard Artemiev, Alfred Schnitke, Alexander Nemtin, Edison Denisov. Sitting: Oleg Buloshkin, Sofia Goubaidulina, Stanislav Kreichi Slide83:  The operation principle of electro-optical ANS Synthesizer Slide84:  ANS Optical disc - oscillator (144 sine sound tracks) and example of the graphical score - sonogram Slide85:  Composer Stanislav Kreich working with ANS, late 1990-s, Moscow Slide86:  The document of the State Committee for Radio-electronics and Ministry of Culture, 1962. Special commission of experts, including Lev Theremin, Andrei Volodiv, Evgeny Murzin etc. make a decision to support further development of ANS synthesizer. Slide88:  Contact information: Andrei Smirnov Theremin Center for Electroacoustic Music at Moscow State Conservatory Address: Bolshaya Nikitskaya 13 Moscow, 235871, Russia Phone: (495) 629-7678 E-mail: Web:

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