Nonferrous

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Information about Nonferrous

Published on July 17, 2007

Author: luyenkimnet

Source: slideshare.net

Aluminium A large Aluminium billet from which wrought products will be produced.

A large Aluminium billet from which wrought products will be produced.

Aluminium Smelter (Norway)

Cast Structure of Al Ingot

Boat Hulls Aluminium boat hulls offer corrosion resistance and light weight.

Aluminium boat hulls offer corrosion resistance and light weight.

XJ6 Aluminium Body

XJ6 Aluminium Chassis

Aluminium Bumper Beams

Aluminium Engine Blocks (Lupo)

Audi A2 engine block

Aluminium Bottles

Aluminium Forging

Forged Aluminium Wheels

Al heat transfer components

Aluminium Roofing

Other non-ferrous metals Copper Tin Lead Zinc Titanium Lithium Nickel Chromium

Copper

Tin

Lead

Zinc

Titanium

Lithium

Nickel

Chromium

Copper Moderate strength in the pure state Malleable and ductile Very good electrical and thermal conductor Good corrosion resistance Alloys with Zinc to give brass Alloys with Tin and others to make bronze

Moderate strength in the pure state

Malleable and ductile

Very good electrical and thermal conductor

Good corrosion resistance

Alloys with Zinc to give brass

Alloys with Tin and others to make bronze

Copper Roofing

Copper as a Biocide

Copper as a Heat Exchanger

Tin Soft and corrosion resistant. Used to alloy with lead to make solder Used to alloy with copper to produce bronzes, e.g. Bell metal

Soft and corrosion resistant.

Used to alloy with lead to make solder

Used to alloy with copper to produce bronzes, e.g. Bell metal

Bell Metal

Lead High Density Corrosion Resistant Malleable, but not ductile Very soft and weak

High Density

Corrosion Resistant

Malleable, but not ductile

Very soft and weak

Lead Applications

Lead as a Roofing Material

Zinc No structural engineering uses in pure state Used as sacrificial anodes to protect steel. Used as an alloy with copper to produce brass Used to corrosion coat steel by: Galvanising or Plating

No structural engineering uses in pure state

Used as sacrificial anodes to protect steel.

Used as an alloy with copper to produce

brass

Used to corrosion coat steel by:

Galvanising or

Plating

Brass Components

Magnesium Light weight – S.G. of 1.7 Burns easily when being machined Used with Aluminium to make lightweight alloys.

Light weight – S.G. of 1.7

Burns easily when being machined

Used with Aluminium to make lightweight alloys.

Magnesium

Magnesium Wheel

Lithium Very light, S.G. of 0.5! Used to make alloys with Aluminium for aerospace applications. Used in batteries for mobile phones etc.

Very light, S.G. of 0.5!

Used to make alloys with Aluminium for aerospace applications.

Used in batteries for mobile phones etc.

Titanium Low density (S.G. of 4.5, as compared to steel at approx 8) Similar strengths to steels Highly corrosion resistant Melts at 1670°C Use restricted to <400 °C

Low density (S.G. of 4.5, as compared to steel at approx 8)

Similar strengths to steels

Highly corrosion resistant

Melts at 1670°C

Use restricted to <400 °C

Titanium Used in Aerospace parts Racing cars, motorcycles and bicycles Pipework and heat exchangers in chemical plants and oil installations.

Used in

Aerospace parts

Racing cars, motorcycles and bicycles

Pipework and heat exchangers in chemical plants and oil installations.

Titanium heat-exchangers

Nickel Corrosion resistant – forms strong oxide layer. Brittle in the pure state Used in stainless steels Alloyed with copper to produce cupronickels for coinage and Monel for corrosion-resistant valve parts. Used in Nimonic and superalloys for aerospace engine parts.

Corrosion resistant – forms strong oxide layer.

Brittle in the pure state

Used in stainless steels

Alloyed with copper to produce cupronickels for coinage and Monel for corrosion-resistant valve parts.

Used in Nimonic and superalloys for aerospace engine parts.

Nickel-based superalloys

Single-crystal blades

Chromium Corrosion resistant – forms strong oxide layer. Brittle in the pure state Used in stainless steels Used with Ni & Mo to produce strong steel alloys for bicycle and motorcycle frame tubes.

Corrosion resistant – forms strong oxide layer.

Brittle in the pure state

Used in stainless steels

Used with Ni & Mo to produce strong steel alloys for bicycle and motorcycle frame tubes.

 

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