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Published on July 13, 2016

Author: EventsPP

Source: authorstream.com

Indigenous engagement on economic development: Indigenous engagement on economic development Presentation by Nolan Hunter CEO of Kimberley Land Council What is native title?: What is native title? Slide3: A form of land title that recognises the unique ties Aboriginal groups have to land and waters. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people can apply to the courts to have their native title rights recognised under Australian law. Native title was first recognised by the High Court of Australia in 1992 with the Mabo decision. Native title conditions: Native title conditions Native title holders have the right to be compensated if governments acquire their land or waters for future developments. Native title can co-exist with some forms of land title (such as pastoral leases) but it is extinguished by others (such as freehold). It can take Aboriginal people 14-20 years to get their native title. Native title in the Kimberley: Native title in the Kimberley The Kimberley region has a very active native title profile.  To date, 26 of the 57 native title determinations made in Western Australia have been in the Kimberley region and two major land use agreements have also been negotiated. Native title has been recognised across 80% of the Kimberley. Kimberley Aboriginal people have native title over land with great economic potential. Native Title and economic development : Native Title and economic development Native title should not be seen as a barrier to development, but essential to it. Empowering native title holders to use their land rights is fundamental to developing the north and closing the gap. Indigenous Australians want to work with government and businesses to find ways to leverage native title in order to develop the north. Slide7: Language Groups in the Kimberley What opportunities do we want from our native title?: Social inclusion To maintain culture To care for country To preserve language Increased economic opportunities What opportunities do we want from our native title? What do we want from government?: What do we want from government? Proper consultation and engagement Access to legal advice that links to the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Non extinguishment of native title Meaningful engagement An agreement that respects native title and cultural values What is the social context?: What is the social context? 46% of the Kimberley’s population is Indigenous 44% of the Kimberley’s population is under 20 y/o High level of Aboriginal people not in the labour force 1 in 10 Aboriginal people are homeless in the Kimberley Social challenges that will impact economic development: Social challenges that will impact economic development Extreme levels of social disadvantage Education - Low rates of attendance at school, language barriers, low levels of literacy and numeracy Health - The Kimberley region has one of the highest suicide rates in the world Aboriginal life expectancy more than 10 years below that of an average non-Aboriginal Australian Lack of formal training or education - A need to increase skill levels so Aboriginal people can actively engage in the labour force Economic opportunities : Economic opportunities Economic opportunities: Enterprise development: What is our land worth commercially, what is it worth culturally? How can we use native title to create enterprise opportunities? The Kimberley Land Council has initiated a Cultural Enterprise Hub Economic opportunities: Enterprise development Economic opportunities: Indigenous engagement: Aboriginal people being involved in decision-making matters Mutually beneficial dialogue as equals Flow on effects of this kind of engagement will lead to Aboriginal jobs, Aboriginal businesses and business development opportunities Creating an environment where Aboriginal rights are upheld and Aboriginal people are treated with respect. Economic opportunities: Indigenous engagement Economic opportunities: Developing Northern Australia: Economic opportunities: Developing Northern Australia The Federal Government’s White Paper on Developing Northern Australia acknowledges the full potential of northern Australia cannot be unlocked without Aboriginal participation. The Kimberley Land Council’s submission focused on one major theme: Indigenous economic development KLC’s recommendations: KLC’s recommendations Delivering economic infrastructure Improving land use and access Improving water access and management Promoting trade and investment, and strengthening the business environment Fostering education, research and innovation Enhancing governance Native Title in the Kimberley: Native Title in the Kimberley Land Tenure Reform: Land Tenure Reform The Rangelands Reform Program was initiated in 2010 to deliver land tenure reform & support for new investment opportunities and land uses. It may provide economic development opportunities for Aboriginal people on our traditional lands The KLC supports land tenure reform if Aboriginal people get a fair deal Engaging with investors: Engaging with investors For investors wishing to start businesses on Indigenous land (pastoral, agriculture, mining) we need to: 1. Consider proper engagement with Traditional Owners through consultation and ILUAs Consider what investors can offer Aboriginal people in terms of training, employment and capacity development opportunities Consider cultural and heritage protection Indigenous Land Use Agreements (ILUAs): Indigenous Land Use Agreements (ILUAs) What is an ILUA? What is the State Government proposing? Is it possible to have an Indigenous Land U se A greement without the extinguishment of native title? The End.: The End. Contact details: Nolan Hunter The Kimberley Land Council Nolan.hunter@klc.org.au www.klc.org.au

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