"No philosophy, please, we are managers"

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Information about "No philosophy, please, we are managers"
Education

Published on July 17, 2009

Author: CROCHET

Source: slideshare.net

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Présentation faite à Helsinki, 10 juillet 2009, EGPA,
Publié dans la Revue Internationale d'Administration Publique, juillet 2010

No philosophy, please, we ar e manager s! Claude Rochet Professeur des universités Institut de la Gestion Publique et du Développement Economique, Paris Institut de Management Public et de Gouvernance Territoriale, Aix-en-Provence

Summary Why managerialism needs to be outstrip? Drawing the lessons from nations’ building: the UK and USA cases Back to the basics of political philosophy The revival of an euro-atlantic debate Consequences for the training of public managers Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 2

Doing things right is not doing the right things Efficiency is not Public health: the more efficacy… efficient and the more effective, the more costly ! Quality of public health system Resources santŽ, syst me optimization de Monitoring : SMART metric QuickTimeª et un Quality and life and Objective: disminishing Occurrence expectancy d compresseur decreasing disease occurrence / age / sont requis pour visionner cette image. risk Competitive Prevention Lowering diagnostic morbidity threshold Cost benefit analysis Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 3

So, what is a good public decision? Learning from F. Hayek Rejection of logical positivism and neoclassical economy and social constructivism A central role to the State: replacing gov’t by men by gov’t by law Law as a natural selection process But, where does a legitimate law comes from? Hayek fails in answering this question: – « J’ai toujours peine, personnellement à croire que moralité et utilité, par harmonie préétablie, coïncident pleinement (…) Je ne refuserai pas mon admiration à la démonstration de Hayek, mais je réserverai ma foi. Les libéraux ont parfois tendance, comme les marxistes, à croire que l’ordre du monde pourrait réconcilier nos aspirations avec la réalité ». (Raymond Aron, coments on « Road to Serfdom ») Hayek’s legacy: the question is NOT State or market, but a problem embedded within the theory of knowledge Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 4

Introducing ergodic hypothesis If there is no determined law (of history or of the market) to drive our decisions Can we make anything? No! Institutions are rules which reduce uncertainty (D. North) If the system has an ergodic behavior, deterministic methods may work But, when technological disruptions trigger paradigm shift, institutions do no longer work The system has a non ergodic behavior Adaptive learning is the key The role of the State is to foster this process and to update the rules Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 5

Back to the basics: Politics What is a good society? Does such thing as the common good exists? What is a good public decision? Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 6

Credit and finance as an economic activity per se introduce disequilibrium and corruptio Country vs Court in XVIII century England With the birth of the financial crises (1720) the key issue becomes articulating civic virtue with economic development Industry and commerce are key drivers of change, but unable to keep apart from financial folly Political virtue is the fruit of reason that must must counterweight the irrationality of “Wind Koopers” QuickTimeª et un ducompresseur sont requis pour visionner cette image. Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 7

Learning from history and nations’ building The founding of the USA Originates in the corruption of England “The end of classical politics” G. Wood “ The lesser evil empire”, from positive to negative liberty (I. Berlin) The classical question of the common good is repealed… … but it strikes back with the euro-atlantic republicanism: The Cambridge School (Skinner, Pettit), The French school (Spitz), and the revival of Machiavellian studies (Viroli) Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 8

The key issue of the euro Atlantic debate Does such thing as the common good exists? The liberal individualistic hypothesis never delivered There is no contradiction between private good and common good A co-evolutionary and reinforcing process No market economy without civic virtue Montesquieu “Agir pour l’amour des lois de son pays, l’amour de or la patrie et de l’égalité” Civic virtue acts as informal institutions No cost, high effectiveness! The common good is the very source of legitimacy… … and the very source of a non deterministic evolutionary process adapted to a non-ergodic world A never ending process for an emergent and resilient answer Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 9

Public management as “practical arts” Comm Playing “spirit of subtlety” against on “spirit of geometry” (Pascal) good Knowledge epistemic basis Knowledge « What » (épistémé) Practical wisdom (phronesis) Conjectural knowledge Management (métis) public Knowledge Helsinki, July 9 2009 empirical basis Claude Rochet 10

Educating the elite: competencies appropriated to a neo-weberian state Helsinki, July 9 2009 Claude Rochet 11

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