Nijanthini introduction

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Information about Nijanthini introduction

Published on April 9, 2014

Author: venkatesm



manikandan.stc2014, v maniyarasan.stc2014, s manjuma devi.stc2014, a manoharan.stc2014, s mari muthu.stc2014, r mathan kumar.stc2014, m mathu vanan.stc2014, r mohana gowthem.stc2014, k mukes kumar.stc2014, s muthu kumar.stc2014, m naseema.stc2014, b nirmala devi.stc2014, t nithiya priya.stc2014, s raguram.stc2014, t rajaswari.stc2014, s rakki muthu.stc2014, m ravi shankar.stc2014, s sabapathi.stc2014, m sabarinathan.stc2014, t sahana.stc2014, k sajina parveen.stc2014, m saranya.stc2014, p sathya priya.stc2014, m sindhuja.stc2014, p somukumr.stc2014, m sountharya.stc2014, m sounya.stc2014, l suman.stc2014, s sureka rani.stc2014, s vasuki.stc2014, m venkateswaran2010.stc2014, d vignesh.stc2014, s vijay.stc2014, k mughi vanan.stc2014,

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 ABOUT THE STUDY Women Labour: Women form an integral part of the Indian workforce. According to the information provided by the Registrar General of India, the work participation rate for women was 25.63 per cent in 2001. This is an improvement from 22.27 per cent in 1991 and 19.67 per cent in 1981. While there has been an improvement in the work participation rate of women, it continues to be substantially less in comparison to the work participation rate of men. In 2001, the work participation rate for women in rural areas was 30.79 per cent as compared to 11.88 per cent in the urban areas. In the rural areas, women are mainly involved as cultivators and agricultural labourers. In the urban areas, almost 80 per cent of the women workers are working in the unorganized sectors such as household industries, petty trades and services, buildings and construction. The total work force in the country during 2004-05 is estimated to be 455.7 million based on the NSS 61st Round Survey on Employment-Unemployment and census population projections for different states. Women workers were 146.89 million or just 32.2 %, of the total workers. About 106.89 million or 72.8%of these Women worker were employed in agriculture even though the share of the industry among men workers was only 48.8% The overall share of the industry in the rural workforce was about 56.6 %. List of protective provisions for women employees: Some of the important protective provisions for safeguarding the interests of working women are: Safety/Health Measures:Section 22(2) of the Factories Act, 1948 provides that no woman shall be allowed to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of a prime mover or of any transmission machinery while the prime mover or transmission machinery is in motion, or to clean, lubricate or adjust any part of any machine if the cleaning, lubrication or adjustment thereof would expose the woman to risk of injury from any moving part either of that machine or of any adjacent machinery.Section 27 of

the Factories Act, 1948 prohibits employment of women in any part of a factory for pressing cotton in which a cotton opener is at work. Prohibition of Night Work:Section 66(1)(b) of the Factories Act, 1948 states that no woman shall be required or allowed to work in any factory except between the hours of 6 a.m. and 7 p.m.Section 25 of the Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 stipulates that no woman shall be required or allowed to work in any industrial premise except between 6 a.m. and 7 p.m.Section 46(1)(b) of the Mines Act, 1952 prohibits employment of women in any mine above ground except between the hours of 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. Prohibition of Sub-terrain Work:Section 46(1)(b) of the Mines Act, 1952 prohibits employment of women in any part of a mine which is below ground. Maternity Benefit:The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 regulates the employment of women in certain establishments for certain periods before and after child-birth and provides maternity benefits. The Building and Other Constructions (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 provides for maternity benefit to female beneficiaries of the Welfare Fund. Welfare: Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens, sometimes referred to as public aid. In most developed countries welfare is largely provided by the government, and to a lesser extent, charities, informal social groups, religious groups, and inter-governmental organizations. Meaning of labour welfare: Labour welfare is a flexible and elastic concept. Its meaning and implications differ widely with times, regions, industries, countries, social values and customs, the general economic development of the people and the political ideologies prevailing at particular moments. As such, a precise definition is rather difficult. However, attempts have been made by expert bodies to define the concept in their own way. Let us study some of the definitions:

Definition of Labour Welfare: • In the words of Prof. H.S. Kirkaldy. “The whole field of welfare is one in which much can be done to combat the sense of frustration of the industrial workers, to relieve them of the personal and family worries, to improve their health, to offer them some sphere in which they can excel others and to help them to a wider conception of life.” • According to Balfour committee, “Labour welfare refers to the efforts made by the employers to improve the working and living conditions over and above the wages paid to them. In its widest sense it comprises all matters affecting the health, safety, comfort and general welfare of the workmen, and includes provision for education, recreation, thrift schemes, convalescent homes”. It covers almost fields of activities of workers e.g., social, economic, industrial and educational. • According to N.M. Joshi, “welfare work covers all the efforts which employers take for the benefit of their employees over and above the minimum standards of working conditions fixed by the Factories Act and over and above the provisions of the social legislation providing against accident, old age, unemployment and sickness”. On analysis of the above definitions, a simple definition ofLabour Welfare can be framed as under: Labour welfare implies the setting up of minimum desirable standards of the provision of facilities like health, food, clothing, housing, medical assistance, education, insurance, job security, recreation etc. Such facilities enable the worker and his family to lead a good working life, family life and social life.Labour Welfare thus embraces in its fold all efforts which have their object of improvement of health, safety welfare and general well-being of the workers. It is confined to those activities which are undertaken statutorily or otherwise, inside the industrial premises or outside by any agency, government, employers which do not come under social insurance conditions, and which lead to improvement in health, efficiency and happiness of industrial workers and their families e.g. recreational, medical, educational, washing, bathing, transport facilities canteens and creches, etc. Thus, the term labour welfare covers not only the workers but also their families.

Women Welfare: �Antenatal and postnatal care; maternity aid, crèche and child care; �Women’s general education; family planning services, �Separate services for women workers, that is lunch rooms, urinals, rest rooms, �Women’s recreation (indoor) 1.2 COMPANY PROFILE 1.2.1 History Of The Company HARSHINI TEXTILES PVT LTD, is one of leading hosiery unit in india. This is a private limited company and founded by Mr.Selvam in the year 1986 which is located in the main area of Anaimalai it is started with the idea of invoking himself in to hosiery industry and also to provide employment opportunities to the society. Our valuable experience in the field of quality knitted garment manufacturing, helped us attain the “Government of India Recognized Export House” status. Ever since inception, the company has profound emphasis in manufacturing quality garments and to deliver the products at the right time. An unerring focus on quality and quest for perfection right from the raw material to the finished product has made possible the end product truly flawless. The company is also conscious of its social obligations and employees welfare measures and our social policy is fully in accordance with the laws of our country. 1.2.2 Objectives Of The Company:

• To increase the production and profit. • To satisfy the customer’s needs and wants. • To maintain the quality of the product. • To satisfy the workers by giving bonus. • To maintain a global standard. 1.2.3 FUTURE PLANS: Productivity and utilization of existing resources are to be improved. To be certified ISO -14001:2004 to ensure contribution to environment and society. Environmental management system is under implementation. The firm has recently acquired product certification like Oak- Tex standard 100 class I.

2.4 1.2.4 ORGANIZATIION CHART Assistant Assistant Assistant Assistant Assistant HR Manager Purchase Manager Chairman/ Managing Director

Workers 1.3 Scope of the study: • The study helps the researcher to know about the level of satisfaction. • The study helps to know about the labour welfare facilities • The study helps to know about the company. • The study helps to identify the working condition of the women in company. • The study helps to find the salary pattern for the wome

1.4 Objectives of the study: • To study the various welfare facilities of women employees. • To know the satisfaction level of the women employees in the HARSHINI TEXTILES. • To offer suggestion to improve the standard of labour welfare of women employees in the organization.

1.5 Limitation of the study : • Initially some respondents hesitated to furnish the details but after explaining the purpose of the study with good rapport, they Co-operation well. • The study was limited only to the HARSHINI TEXTILE. • The employees were always engaged with their work, so it was very difficult to conduct the survey with operational workers. • Lack of time to conduct survey.

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