Nichi.11-12-13.coastal louisiana.garretgraves

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Published on February 2, 2014

Author: NICHI_USA

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New Orleans
, Garret Graves, Chairman, 
Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority; National Institute for Coastal & Harbor Infrastructure, John F. Kennedy Center, Boston, Nov. 12, 2013: "The Triple Threat of Rising Sea Levels, Extreme Storms and Aging Infrastructure: Coastal Community Responses and The Federal Role" See http://www.nichiusa.org or http://www.nichi.us

The Protection and Restoration of Coastal Louisiana Rising Sea Levels: The Urgent Need for a National Coastal and Harbor Infrastructure Program Symposium November 12, 2013 committed to our coast committed to our coast

No Shortage of Disasters…

Louisiana: Worth Saving?

Seafood and Wildlife • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • #2 producer of oysters • #1 producer of blue crabs • #1 producer of crawfish • #1 producer of shrimp • #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

Ecosystem Services • Five million waterfowl • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • 25 million songbirds • #2 producer of oysters • America’s largest wintering habitat for migratory •waterfowl and songbirdscrabs #1 producer of blue •70 rare, threatened, or endangered species #1 producer of crawfish • •Top source of wild seafood in the continental United #1 producer of shrimp • •States #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds • Wetlands serve as part of the hurricane protection system

Energy Production and Petrochemical Manufacturing restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Truck Cargo Flows: Louisiana restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Truck Cargo Flows: New York restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Waterborne Commerce • 5 of the top 15 largest ports in the U.S. in Louisiana • Port of South Louisiana is the nation’s #1 by tonnage • Louisiana’s ports handle cargo accounting for 20% of the nation’s waterborne commerce (by tonnage)

Annual Tons of Freight by Water restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Carrying Capacity

River Efficiency: 15-Barge Tow Carrying Capacity

Cleaner Transportation: Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Cleaner Transport: Fuel Efficiency

Louisiana’s Land Loss Crisis

Land Area Change in Coastal LA 1932 – 2010 Land Loss Land Gain Historic Land-Water Change from 1932-2010 Approx. 1,900 sq. mi. (492,100 ha.) Couvillion et al (USGS), 2011

Mississippi River Watershed • Two-thirds of the continental United States • 42% of the contiguous land mass of North America

Mississippi River Flyway 28

Causes of Land Loss • Levees/Dams • Subsidence • Sea-level Rise • Hurricanes • Oil & Gas Infrastructure • Oil Spill

Future Without Action Predicted Land Loss Predicted Land Gain More Extreme- Potential to lose an additional 1,765 square miles (455,000 ha.) of land over the next 50 years. Utilized 0.45 m of sea level rise over 50 years, Subsidence rates 0 to 25 mm per year

Our Coastal Crisis Will Continue Current 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 With No Action Over the Next 50 Years

Terrebonne Land/Water Change 1988-2005 Chauvin Point Aux Chene Dulac Cocodrie Landsat TM 1998 DeWitt Braud, LSU Coastal Studies Institute

Our Communities and Livelihoods at Risk Predicted Future Flooding from a 100 Year Flood Event Future Without Action Potential for damages to reach $23.4 billion annually Increasing threats to lives, jobs, communities and the economy

Our Communities and Livelihoods at Risk Expected Annual Damages From Flooding ($ Billions) $25 Could experience 10x more damages than today $20 Current Future Without Action $15 • Potential for damages to reach up to $23.4 billion annually $10 $5 $0 • Increasing threats to lives, jobs and communities

Entire Region at Risk Over the last 100 years hurricanes have caused approximately $2,700 billion In damages (in 2010 dollars) across Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.

Federal Investment needs to be PROACTIVE NIBS Multihazard Mitigation Council report to Congress on behalf of FEMA (2005): • Money spent on reducing the risk of natural hazards is a sound investment. • On average, every $1 spent by FEMA on hazard mitigation…provides the nation about $4 in future benefits.

Addressing the Crisis: Louisiana’s Coastal Master Plan

Master Plan Objectives Flood Protection Reduce economic losses from storm-based flooding Natural Processes Promote a sustainable coastal ecosystem by harnessing the processes of the natural system Coastal Habitats Provide habitats suitable to support an array of commercial and recreational activities coast wide Cultural Heritage Sustain Louisiana’s unique heritage and culture Working Coast Provide a viable working coast to support industry

Using New Tools, Breaking New Ground

Key Decision Points • Flood Risk Reduction and Land Building as Decision Drivers • Set a Realistic Budget and Determine Funding Allocation – $50 Billion, 50/50 split • Balance Near Term and Long Term Benefits • Use of Decision Criteria and Ecosystem Services

Factors in Making Decision Decision Criteria and Ecosystem Services Risk Reduction Oyster Distribution of flood risk across socioeconomic groups Flood protection of historic properties Shrimp Freshwater Availability Alligator Expected Annual Damages Restoration Flood protection of strategic assets Operation and maintenance costs Sustainability Support for navigation Use of natural processes Support for cultural heritage Land Area Support for oil & gas Waterfowl Saltwater Fisheries Freshwater Fisheries Carbon Sequestration Nitrogen Removal Agriculture/Aquaculture Other Coastal Wildlife Nature-Based Tourism

2012 Coastal Master Plan 145 Projects Totaling Approximately $50 Billion over 50 Years

Single Approach is Not the Solution USACOE

Storm Surge Attenuation Benefits Provided by Comprehensive Approach Surge Surge

What the Master Plan Delivers: Reduction in Annual Damages $18.1 Billion Decrease over Future Without Action $5.4 Billion Decrease over Future Without Action

What the Master Plan Delivers: Land Building 550-850 square miles of land built or maintained over 50 years

159 miles of built or improved levees

19,405 acres of coastal habitats benefited of coastal habitats benefited

$17 Billion in State & Federal funding in State & Federal funding for protection & restoration for protection & restoration

Greater New Orleans – Hurricane Protection System Black Lake Beneficial Use

West Closure Complex

Lake Borgne Surge Barrier

Local Investment in Protection Infrastructure

Pelican Island

Scofield Island

Caminada Headland Beach and Dune Restoration 303 Acres of Beach Dune with 3.3 MCY of material from Ship Shoal Estimated Project Cost: $70.6M Status: In construction Construction Contractor: Weeks Marine Inc.

July 2013 2/1/2014 DRAFT

Long Distance Sediment Pipeline Total Project Budget (CIAP) $66.1 million Acres Benefited 256 Project Status In Design (pending landrights/ permits) Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

Mississippi River Long Distance Sediment Pipeline (BA-43)

1988

2012

Orleans Landbridge Cost: $34.7 million Land Benefited: 110 acres of marsh and 8.7 miles of shoreline

Orleans Landbridge • 217,000 tons of concrete recycled from the dismantled I-10 twin span • Prevent the loss of 110 acres of marsh Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

What Does NOT Work? 1. First thing you do in a disaster is throw out the rules 2. First thing you do in recovery is throw out the rules Executive Order 13604 3. Current project development and implementation process is incapable to addressing coastal and water resources crisis facing America 4. You cannot perfect solutions before acting – dynamic environments – better science 5. Waiting to invest until AFTER disaster strikes/under-funding 6. Devising “solutions” to single problem in a vacuum (levees v. ecosystem) 7. Divided mission (EPA, NOAA, USACE, FEMA, USFWS, NRCS, CEQ, OMB…..) means no one is accountable 8. States, local governments and stakeholders on the sidelines (i.e. zoning) 9. Segregating similar programs by agency (stove-piping) 10. Missing schedules and budgets – uncertainty kills

What Works? 1. Functional organizational structure Formation of the Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority Board Coastal board of directors Integrating/co-mingling funds 2. Schedule public meetings to deliberate and provide public input Discuss policy options/trade-offs Accountability venue 3. Establish prioritization metrics that reflect regional/state/local values 4. Provide clear, transparent, accountable project process processes 5. Develop annual report card to show successes and learning opportunities 6. Move forward with 70+% solutions and use robust adaptive management 7. Communicate honestly – can’t promise “a chicken every pot” Residual risk exists 8. Proactive versus reactive actions 9. Identify “double” and “triple” wins (multi-service objectives) 10.Delivering what you promised

Today Baton Rouge New Orleans

Blum, M.D. & H.H. Roberts (2009) Tomorrow? Baton Rouge New Orleans

Thank You! Learn more: www.coastal.LA.gov Garret Graves Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority garret@LA.gov 225-342-7669

United States Geological Survey Preliminary Land Loss/Gain 1930-2010

Truck Cargo Flows: New York restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Truck Cargo Flows: Southern California restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Truck Cargo Flows: Houston restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Truck Cargo Flows: New Orleans restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Annual Tons of Freight by Water restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Truck Cargo Flows: Louisiana restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Energy Production and Petrochemical Manufacturing restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Louisiana Perspective: Energy Production Without OCS Production Louisiana is With OCS Production Louisiana becomes: th largest producer of 8 nd largest producer 2 crude oil of crude oil 2nd largest producer 2nd largest producer of natural gas of natural gas

Louisiana Perspective: Energy Refining nd in Refining Capacity 2 21% of Nationwide Refining Operable Capacity in 2012

Seafood and Wildlife • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • #2 producer of oysters • #1 producer of blue crabs • #1 producer of crawfish • #1 producer of shrimp • #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

Ecosystem Services • Five million waterfowl • #1 producer in fisheries in the Lower 48 States • 25 million songbirds • #2 producer of oysters • America’s largest wintering habitat for migratory •waterfowl and songbirdscrabs #1 producer of blue •70 rare, threatened, or endangered species #1 producer of crawfish • •Top source of wild seafood in the continental United #1 producer of shrimp • •States #1 habitat for migratory waterfowl and songbirds • Wetlands serve as part of the hurricane protection system

Economic Impact of Energy, Ports and Maritime and Louisiana Seafood and Outdoor Recreation Economic Sector Total Economic or Industry Impact (millions) Total Jobs Total Wages (millions) Total Tax (millions) Energy1 $77,300 310,217 $16,100 $2,500 Ports and Maritime $33,000 270,000 $5,700 $470 Seafood $2,400 21,238 Seafood, Fishing, Boating and Wildlife Viewing2 $5,700 62,833 $378.3 Coastal Industries Total $118,400 664,288 $3,348 Total State Economy $213,6003 1,834,338 $76,899 1. Oil and Gas Extraction, Pipeline, and Refinery Operations. 2. Select Industries from the 2008 Southwick Study. 3. Gross State Product 2010 $6,962

Economic Impact of Energy, Ports and Maritime and Louisiana Seafood and Outdoor Recreation Economic Sector Total Economic or Industry Impact (millions) Total Jobs Total Wages (millions) Total Tax (millions) Energy1 $77,300 310,217 $16,100 $2,500 Ports and Maritime $33,000 270,000 $5,700 $470 Seafood $2,400 21,238 Seafood, Fishing, Boating and Wildlife Viewing2 $5,700 62,833 $378.3 Coastal Industries Total $118,400 664,288 $3,348 Total State Economy $213,6003 1,834,338 $76,899 1. Oil and Gas Extraction, Pipeline, and Refinery Operations. 2. Select Industries from the 2008 Southwick Study. 3. Gross State Product 2010 $6,962

Energy Production and Petrochemical Manufacturing restoring and protecting Louisiana’s coast

Louisiana Perspective: Energy Production Without OCS Production Louisiana is With OCS Production Louisiana becomes: th largest producer of 8 nd largest producer 2 crude oil of crude oil 2nd largest producer 2nd largest producer of natural gas of natural gas

Louisiana Perspective: Energy Refining nd in Refining Capacity 2 21% of Nationwide Refining Operable Capacity in 2012

Mississippi River and Tributaries

Lake Hermitage Marsh Creation Estimated Project Cost: $39 M (CWPPRA Base Project) 653 acres of Marsh Status: In Construction Construction Contractor: Pine Bluff Sand and Gravel Co.

2/1/2014 DRAFT June 2012

2/1/2014 DRAFT August 2013

Bayou Dupont

Bayou Dupont: Outside of Influence Area

Bayou Dupont: November 2012

What the Master Plan Delivers Includes a wide variety of project types distributed throughout the coast

Long Distance Sediment Pipeline Total Project Budget (CIAP) $66.1 million Acres Benefited 256 Project Status In Design (pending landrights/ permits) Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

Mississippi River Long Distance Sediment Pipeline (BA-43)

Isaac- NHC Hindcast, inundation depths

Barrier Islands Creation and restoration of dune, beach, and back barrier marsh to restore or augment offshore barrier islands and headlands Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority of Louisiana

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