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NIBSSep021

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Published on December 28, 2007

Author: Flemel

Source: authorstream.com

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Small World, Ain’t It?:  Small World, Ain’t It? Dr. Schuyler Foerster President, World Affairs Council of Pittsburgh NIBS September 17, 2002 Why a World Affairs Council?:  Why a World Affairs Council? Non-partisan education to promote greater understanding of important international issues Global-minded citizens for a global power in a democratic society Competitive workforce in a global marketplace September 2001 - June 2002 18,000 people in over 200 programs 13,000+ students and teachers Life Used to be Relatively Simple:  Life Used to be Relatively Simple Slide4:  The Soviets, being cunning and devious, hide their country behind the curve of the earth so we can’t see. them The Old Cold War Mentality Slide5:  The Soviets, being cunning and devious, hide their country behind the curve of the earth so we can’t see. us them The Old Cold War Mentality We, on the other hand, are right out in the open on the flat part. Now it’s More Complicated [and not just because of 9.11]:  Now it’s More Complicated [and not just because of 9.11] A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian States integrate … but more often disintegrate A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian States integrate … but more often disintegrate Rise of democracy … destabilizes before stabilizes A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian States integrate … but more often disintegrate Rise of democracy … destabilizes before stabilizes Information age … global & local “digital divide” A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian States integrate … but more often disintegrate Rise of democracy … destabilizes before stabilizes Information age … global & local “digital divide” Assistance necessary … but it won’t always help A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian States integrate … but more often disintegrate Rise of democracy … destabilizes before stabilizes Information age … global & local “digital divide” Assistance necessary … but it won’t always help Global marketplaces … local horizons A Time of Contradictions:  A Time of Contradictions Incontestable power … unprecedented vulnerability No major war? … but targets are civilian States integrate … but more often disintegrate Rise of democracy … destabilizes before stabilizes Information age … global & local “digital divide” Assistance necessary … but it won’t always help Global marketplaces … local horizons Rogue states … with disproportionate influence But Why Does it Matter to US?:  But Why Does it Matter to US? … because globalization is a present and unavoidable phenomenon:  … because globalization is a present and unavoidable phenomenon Our Changing Face(s):  Our Changing Face(s) Global population increasing 50% in a generation 6 billion 9 billion people by 2025 90 % in developing countries In most, 50+ % of population under 25 U.S. immigration tripled since 1970 9.6 million 28.4 million in 2000 58% of U.S. population growth in the 1990’s U.S. Immigrant Population 1900-2000:  U.S. Immigrant Population 1900-2000 Numbers tripled since 1970; percentage doubled Population Growth (%) 1900-2000:  Population Growth (%) 1900-2000 Pittsburgh last among 280 MSA’s in population growth, 1990-2000 Hey … They’re Not All Like Us!:  Hey … They’re Not All Like Us! Out of 100 people ... 57 Asians ... 21 Europeans ...14 Western Hemisphere ... 8 Africans 52 female … 48 male 70 non-white … 30 white 70 non-Christian … 30 Christian 89 heterosexual … 11 homosexual 59% wealth owned by 6% of population (all US) 80 live in substandard housing 70 cannot read 50 suffer from malnutrition 1 near death, 1 near birth 1 has a college education 1 owns a computer Closing the Borders?:  Closing the Borders? What comes into the US each year? 475 million people 125 million vehicles 21 million import shipments 5 million 40-foot shipping containers 2.7 million undocumented immigrants Where? 3,700 terminals 301 ports of entry Trade is Global ...:  Trade is Global ... In worldwide trade ... 1995 -- $4 trillion open to global competition 2000 -- $21 trillion open to global competition 525% increase in five years! And the US is a bigger player ... 1950 -- US exports + imports = 5% GDP 2000 -- US exports + imports = 25% GDP With a much bigger GDP! US -- 25+% of global GDP … <5% of population … and Foreign Investment is Bigger than Trade:  … and Foreign Investment is Bigger than Trade Overseas production by American transnational corporations is over twice the value of US exports. Sales by foreign owned corporations in the US is nearly twice the value of US imports. Economic Growth & Exports (1993-1999):  Economic Growth & Exports (1993-1999) “September 11th did not so much change the world as show how the world had changed while our means of managing it had not.” David Gompert, RAND Corporation:  “September 11th did not so much change the world as show how the world had changed while our means of managing it had not.” David Gompert, RAND Corporation A New Kind of War:  A New Kind of War Who is the enemy? “terrorist networks of global reach” Where is the battlefield? Transcends sovereign borders What risks are we willing to take? Unprecedented national vulnerability Who are our allies? International coalition? … of friends? The Instruments of War :  The Instruments of War Diplomacy & political influence Domestic law enforcement Financial controls Economic sanctions and rewards Intelligence and covert action Immigration controls Homeland security … The Instruments of War :  The Instruments of War Diplomacy & political influence Domestic law enforcement Financial controls Economic sanctions and rewards Intelligence and covert action Immigration controls Homeland security … and Military force … as usual, subject to political objectives instrument of choice?? What Kind of Peace?:  What Kind of Peace? Winning the peace is essential Clash of civilizations … or self-fulfilling prophecy ? Black holes in far-flung places Avoid martyrs … remove excuses American commitment necessary How unilateral? “The problem of the 21st century is the same as that of the 20th … fanaticism armed with power.” Elie Wiesel What Does It Mean?:  What Does It Mean? The US is a global power -- unavoidably That doesn’t mean we get our way -- or should What Does It Mean?:  What Does It Mean? The US is a global power -- unavoidably That doesn’t mean we get our way -- or should The world looks to us to stand for certain things We’re debating what those things are What Does It Mean?:  What Does It Mean? The US is a global power -- unavoidably That doesn’t mean we get our way -- or should The world looks to us to stand for certain things We’re debating what those things are The world is NOT made in our own image Perspectives … and interests are different What Does It Mean?:  What Does It Mean? The US is a global power -- unavoidably That doesn’t mean we get our way -- or should The world looks to us to stand for certain things We’re debating what those things are The world is NOT made in our own image Perspectives … and interests are different To succeed, we must see the world as others do … and look at ourselves as others see us What Does It Mean?:  What Does It Mean? The US is a global power -- unavoidably That doesn’t mean we get our way -- or should The world looks to us to stand for certain things We’re debating what those things are The world is NOT made in our own image Perspectives … and interests are different To succeed, we must see the world as others do … and look at ourselves as others see us The threats are significant … but so are the opportunities

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