New Zealand And Sustainability

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Information about New Zealand And Sustainability

Published on March 24, 2009

Author: Annah

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Some NZ sustainability issues

Anna Hughes, Otago Polytechnic 2009 New Zealand and Sustainability

“ to be the first nation to be truly sustainable — across the four pillars of the economy, society, the environment, and nationhood.” New Zealand depends on it’s ‘clean green’ image In 2002, tourism generated a direct contribution to GDP of $5.1 billion, or 4.5 percent of New Zealand ’s total industry contribution to GDP. ( www.stats.govt.nz ) The combined importance of New Zealand’s pastoral, horticultural and forestry industries cannot be overstated. In current prices, it is estimated that agriculture, horticulture and forestry, including associated processes and services, contribute a total of approximately 18 per cent to New Zealand’s GDP. (ABARE and MAF 2006) In 2007 at Hon. Helen Clark’s address to Parliament she stated that New Zealand was:

“ to be the first nation to be truly sustainable — across the four pillars of the economy, society, the environment, and nationhood.”

New Zealand depends on it’s ‘clean green’ image

In 2002, tourism generated a direct contribution to GDP of $5.1 billion, or 4.5 percent of New Zealand ’s total industry contribution to GDP. ( www.stats.govt.nz )

The combined importance of New Zealand’s pastoral, horticultural and forestry industries cannot be overstated. In current prices, it is estimated that agriculture, horticulture and forestry, including associated processes and services, contribute a total of approximately 18 per cent to New Zealand’s GDP. (ABARE and MAF 2006)

NZ’s inconvenient truth

NZ’s inconvenient truth NZ heavily relies on it’s ‘clean green’ image and although we are doing well, we could be doing better! (OECD 2007) New Zealand's ecological footprint - measured per head of population - is the sixth largest in the world. (WWF 2008) New Zealand’s rate of 155 prisoners per 1000 head of population is the seventh-highest in the OECD, just below Mexico. (stats NZ)

NZ heavily relies on it’s ‘clean green’ image and although we are doing well, we could be doing better! (OECD 2007)

New Zealand's ecological footprint - measured per head of population - is the sixth largest in the world. (WWF 2008)

New Zealand’s rate of 155 prisoners per 1000 head of population is the seventh-highest in the OECD, just below Mexico. (stats NZ)

NZ’s nitrogen addiction Nitrogen fertiliser is used in intensive agricultural production systems and impacts on water quality as well as generating greenhouse gas emissions. In New Zealand, direct nitrous oxide emissions from nitrogen fertiliser made up 3 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions in 2004. Water quality is also affected by nitrogen discharged from farming activities and has caused increasing concerns. (PCE Report, 2005) For example, it is believed that pastoral farming contributes almost 40 percent of all nitrogen flows into Lake Taupo, New Zealand’s largest lake. (Environment Waikato, 2005). (MAF 2006)

Nitrogen fertiliser is used in intensive agricultural production systems and impacts on water quality as well as generating greenhouse gas emissions.

In New Zealand, direct nitrous oxide emissions from nitrogen fertiliser made up 3 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions in 2004. Water quality is also affected by nitrogen discharged from farming activities and has caused increasing concerns. (PCE Report, 2005) For example, it is believed that pastoral farming contributes almost 40 percent of all nitrogen flows into Lake Taupo, New Zealand’s largest lake. (Environment Waikato, 2005). (MAF 2006)

A Sustainable future considers E conomy / P rofits Sustainable business Profits Taxes, R&D Jobs Expenditures Training Fair trade Core values E nvironment / P lanet Eco-Efficiency Manufacturing efficiencies Operations efficiencies Product efficiencies Smart design Cradle-to-cradle, take-back Beyond compliance Restorative to nature E quity / P eople Ethical business Internal employees Human rights Health & Safety Empowerment Respect, Caring Local community Rest of the world

E conomy / P rofits

Sustainable business

Profits

Taxes, R&D

Jobs

Expenditures

Training

Fair trade

Core values

E nvironment / P lanet

Eco-Efficiency

Manufacturing efficiencies

Operations efficiencies

Product efficiencies

Smart design

Cradle-to-cradle, take-back

Beyond compliance

Restorative to nature

E quity / P eople

Ethical business

Internal employees

Human rights

Health & Safety

Empowerment

Respect, Caring

Local community

Rest of the world

Defining sustainability bearable viable equitable Used under creative commons licence ENVIRONMENT SOCIETY ECONOMY Sustainable

Defining sustainability Used under creative commons licence Environment Society Economy

Today’s reality – alarm bells ringing The big trends behind sustainability

Today’s reality – alarm bells ringing

The big trends behind sustainability

System decline Rainforests Soil Fresh water Biodiversity – species extinction Marine life / Coral reefs Social equity

Rainforests

Soil

Fresh water

Biodiversity – species extinction

Marine life / Coral reefs

Social equity

System pressure Waste / pollution About 94% of materials used in manufacturing becomes waste 80% of what we buy is thrown away within 6 months 10% of grocery bill goes towards packaging (more than the farmer receives!) 2.3kg laptop = > 10 tons waste Between 1997 – 2004, 315 million computers became obsolete Population increase Demand for natural resources Demand for products

Waste / pollution

About 94% of materials used in manufacturing becomes waste

80% of what we buy is thrown away within 6 months

10% of grocery bill goes towards packaging (more than the farmer receives!)

2.3kg laptop = > 10 tons waste

Between 1997 – 2004, 315 million computers became obsolete

Population increase

Demand for natural resources

Demand for products

The Funnel Paradigm Supply of life supporting resources and ecosystem services are declining Demand and consumption of life supporting resources increasing Supply Demand Time

Sustainability challenges Health of natural life support and ecosystem services declining Consumption / demand rising Copyright © The Natural Step

The Sustainability Funnel Availability of natural resources Health of natural systems / environment Price of natural resources Government intervention / regulation / taxes Consumer pressure / LOHAS Costs (resources, waste, insurance etc) Desire for improved quality of life Copyright © The Natural Step

Availability of natural resources

Health of natural systems / environment

Price of natural resources

Government intervention / regulation / taxes

Consumer pressure / LOHAS

Costs (resources, waste, insurance etc)

Desire for improved quality of life

Where NZ is ‘hitting the walls of the funnel’ In 2004 imported oil accounted for 20% of NZ’s imports bill NZ is heavily dependant on oil for transport of goods and people In 2003, NZ exported 5,678 tonnes of hazardous waste for safe disposal. In the same year we imported 14,895 tonnes of hazardous waste for treatment. NZ’s loss of biodiversity is substantial One in three full-time NZ workers are clocking up more than 50 hours a week 26% percent of children in 2004 were living in families in the ‘severe’ and ‘significant’ hardship categories, up from 18% in 2000. Source: Sustainability Analysis of New Zealand

In 2004 imported oil accounted for 20% of NZ’s imports bill

NZ is heavily dependant on oil for transport of goods and people

In 2003, NZ exported 5,678 tonnes of hazardous waste for safe disposal. In the same year we imported 14,895 tonnes of hazardous waste for treatment.

NZ’s loss of biodiversity is substantial

One in three full-time NZ workers are clocking up more than 50 hours a week

26% percent of children in 2004 were living in families in the ‘severe’ and ‘significant’ hardship categories, up from 18% in 2000.

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