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Netsafetyoct30 Sound

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Technology

Published on December 3, 2008

Author: larrymagid

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Larry's talk in Hyderabad
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Youth Safety on the Social Web Larry Magid & Anne Collier Co-directors ConnectSafely.org Revised 1/09 © 2009 ConnectSafely.org

What is the social Web? -- Also known as ‘Web 2.0’-- User-produced, youth-driven Multiple devices Multimedia Uploadable, downloadable Difficult to control

-- Also known as ‘Web 2.0’--

User-produced, youth-driven

Multiple devices

Multimedia

Uploadable, downloadable

Difficult to control

Web 1.0 …

On Web 2.0... -- Michael Kinsley, Slate.com, 11/27/06 “ ... everybody knows you’re a dog.”

Social networking is whatever… … anyone wants it to be! Entertainment + socializing + homework help + media-sharing + creative outlet + friends’ latest news A place to learn digital-media skills A “hangout” on Web, phones, gaming

… anyone wants it to be!

Entertainment + socializing + homework help + media-sharing + creative outlet + friends’ latest news

A place to learn digital-media skills

A “hangout” on Web, phones, gaming

Today’s phones are full-blown mobile computers with... Mobile social networking Social mapping Photo- & video-sharing Web browsing 24/7 texting Even less adult supervision Cellphones too

Today’s phones are full-blown mobile computers with...

Mobile social networking

Social mapping

Photo- & video-sharing

Web browsing

24/7 texting

Even less adult supervision

Majority of teens in social sites 65% of teens use social networks and create profiles (Pew/2009) 70% of 15-to-17-year-old girls 48% of teens visit sites daily or more often; 26% visit once a day 22% visit several times a day Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey

65% of teens use social networks and create profiles (Pew/2009)

70% of 15-to-17-year-old girls

48% of teens visit sites daily or more often; 26% visit once a day

22% visit several times a day

Not just MySpace & Facebook YouTube, MyYearbook, Bebo, Hi5 & many niche social network sites Ning: Allows users to create their own social networks, or mini-MySpaces. Allows porn (with splash page). Twitter & Plurk: Micro-blogging - 140 characters or less. Kind of like blended chat & IM. Twitter mostly adults, Plurk a little younger. Second Life & other virtual worlds : Users create avatars that interact in a virtual world. Hulu: Fast-growing video-sharing site (153 million video streams, 9/08); popular for viewing whole shows online And some are a bit more questionable …. JuicyCampus Gossip site, total anonymity, no rules.… Stickam : Social video-streaming site with live webcam chat.

What are they doing in there? Good or “normal”… “ Social producing” Learning social rules Decorating profiles (self-expression) Exploring identity Writing blogs Writing software code Risk assessment Discovering music Producing & editing videos Discussing interests Social/political activism Keeping in touch with friends long-term

Good or “normal”…

“ Social producing”

Learning social rules

Decorating profiles (self-expression)

Exploring identity

Writing blogs

Writing software code

Risk assessment

Discovering music

Producing & editing videos

Discussing interests

Social/political activism

Keeping in touch with friends long-term

What else are they doing in there? Neutral or negative… Seeking validation Competing in a popularity contest Venting Showing off Embarrassing themselves Pulling pranks Getting even Harassing

Neutral or negative…

Seeking validation

Competing in a popularity contest

Venting

Showing off

Embarrassing themselves

Pulling pranks

Getting even

Harassing

The ‘ Net effect’ Persistence & searchability: Net as permanent searchable archive Replicability : ability to copy and paste from anywhere, to anywhere Scalability: high potential visibility Invisible audiences: you never know who’s watching Collapsed contexts: different audiences hear & see different things Blurring of public and private: boundaries not clear Source: danah boyd: Taken out of Context, 2008

Persistence & searchability: Net as permanent searchable archive

Replicability : ability to copy and paste from anywhere, to anywhere

Scalability: high potential visibility

Invisible audiences: you never know who’s watching

Collapsed contexts: different audiences hear & see different things

Blurring of public and private: boundaries not clear

Mostly for real-life friends 72% use sites to socialize with their real-life friends. Only a modest number (17%) of social-networking teens say they use the sites to flirt. Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007

72% use sites to socialize with their real-life friends.

Only a modest number (17%) of social-networking teens say they use the sites to flirt.

Teens do have a clue when it comes to safety & privacy 66% of teens who have created a profile say that their profile is not visible by all Internet users. They limit access to their profiles. 21% say their profile is not currently visible. Just 1% of social-network users say they do not know who can see their profile. Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007

66% of teens who have created a profile say that their profile is not visible by all Internet users. They limit access to their profiles.

21% say their profile is not currently visible.

Just 1% of social-network users say they do not know who can see their profile.

Are they careful about photos? Yes and no (more on Web than on phones) Cellphones : Reports of“sexting” (nude photo-sharing) are growing Web : 39% say they restrict access to their photos “most of the time.” 38% report restricting access “only sometimes.” 21% of teens who post photos say they “never” restrict access to the images they upload. (Online adults are more lax in restricting access.) Source: Pew Internet & American Life survey January 2007

Yes and no (more on Web than on phones)

Cellphones : Reports of“sexting” (nude photo-sharing) are growing

Web : 39% say they restrict access to their photos “most of the time.”

38% report restricting access “only sometimes.”

21% of teens who post photos say they “never” restrict access to the images they upload. (Online adults are more lax in restricting access.)

Teens are alive today, thanks to social-networking sites… Plan To 'Shoot Up' School Foiled Jan 12, 2009: “Deputies in Transylvania County said they got a call from a sheriff's office in New York. A teenager there apparently came forward and said she met a 15-year-old on MySpace who said he had a dangerous plan.”

Question : What proportion of teens have been approached online by a predator? 1 in 20 1 in 10 1 in 7 1 in 5 Almost half

1 in 20

1 in 10

1 in 7

1 in 5

Almost half

It’s a trick question

What the surveys really said The survey asked “Did you receive an unwanted sexual solicitation in the past year” The response went from 1 in 5 in 2000 to 1 in 7 in 2005. An improvement 43% of all solicitations and 44% of aggressive solicitations came from youth 39% of solicitors were adult but all but 9% of those were between 18 and 25 Two-thirds or more of the youth described solicitations as not particularly distressing The number of children actually molested went from none in 2000 to 2 (out of 1500) in 2005. It can happen, but it’s statistically very rare. Online Victimization of Youth: Five Years Later Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2006

The survey asked “Did you receive an unwanted sexual solicitation in the past year”

The response went from 1 in 5 in 2000 to 1 in 7 in 2005. An improvement

43% of all solicitations and 44% of aggressive solicitations came from youth

39% of solicitors were adult but all but 9% of those were between 18 and 25

Two-thirds or more of the youth described solicitations as not particularly distressing

The number of children actually molested went from none in 2000 to 2 (out of 1500) in 2005. It can happen, but it’s statistically very rare.

Question Do you agree that the growth in young people’s use of the Internet correlates with a rise in sexual abuse against children?

SA Sub 1990-2005* Rate per 10,000 Children (<18) Source: NCANDS / Finkelhor & Jones, 2006 51% Decline (during the period of the Web’s existence) Answer: No Confirmed cases of child sexual abuse

Deception rarely involved Victims are aware of the approximate age and sexual intentions of the adults who contact them. Only 5% of offenders pretend to be teens. In some cases, the kids are being aggressive and sexually suggestive and pose in ways to make themselves look older than they are. --Janis Wolak, University of New Hampshire’s Crimes Against Children Research Center (paraphrase, not exact quote)

Victims are aware of the approximate age and sexual intentions of the adults who contact them.

Only 5% of offenders pretend to be teens.

In some cases, the kids are being aggressive and sexually suggestive and pose in ways to make themselves look older than they are.

--Janis Wolak, University of New Hampshire’s Crimes Against Children Research Center (paraphrase, not exact quote)

What causes risk? Aggressive behavior in the form of making rude or nasty comments increased the odds of being victimized 2.3 times Frequently embarrassing others increased the risk almost 5 times Meeting people in multiple ways increased the odds 3.4 times Talking about sex online with strangers doubled the risk Engaging in multiple risky behaviors puts you at greatest risk Posting personal information is not related to victimization Source: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, Feb 2007 Ybarra, Mitchell, Finkelhor, Wolak

Aggressive behavior in the form of making rude or nasty comments increased the odds of being victimized 2.3 times

Frequently embarrassing others increased the risk almost 5 times

Meeting people in multiple ways increased the odds 3.4 times

Talking about sex online with strangers doubled the risk

Engaging in multiple risky behaviors puts you at greatest risk

Posting personal information is not related to victimization

The kids most at risk online are those at risk offline Online risks are not radically different in nature or scope than the risks minors have long faced offline. Minors most at risk in the offline world continue to be most at risk online. The psychosocial makeup and family dynamics surrounding a child are better predictors of risk than the technology used. Messages need to be tailored to the child. One-size-fits-all doesn’t work. Source: Internet Safety Technical Task Force Report, January 2009

Online risks are not radically different in nature or scope than the risks minors have long faced offline.

Minors most at risk in the offline world continue to be most at risk online.

The psychosocial makeup and family dynamics surrounding a child are better predictors of risk than the technology used.

Messages need to be tailored to the child. One-size-fits-all doesn’t work.

More likely risks Damaged reputation Emotional hurt Self-created child porn Negative validation Defamation Impersonation Permanent archive Inappropriate content PC security Cyberbullying…

Damaged reputation

Emotional hurt

Self-created child porn

Negative validation

Defamation

Impersonation

Permanent archive

Inappropriate content

PC security

Cyberbullying…

Cyberbullying The risk that affects the most children 2 separate studies: About 33% of US teens have been harassed or bullied* Online harassment (more common) vs. bullying Cyberbullying : repeated aggression; associated with real life; power imbalance It’s more a developmental than a technology problem Sources: Patchin and Hinduja, 2006; Pew/Internet, 2007; Crimes Against Children Research Center, 2007

The risk that affects the most children

2 separate studies: About 33% of US teens have been harassed or bullied*

Online harassment (more common) vs. bullying

Cyberbullying : repeated aggression; associated with real life; power imbalance

It’s more a developmental than a technology problem

Signs of cyberbullying Loss of friends Depression Anxiety Loss of sleep Doesn’t want to go to school Covers screen or turns off device when others come into room* * can also be a sign of an inappropriate online relationship

Loss of friends

Depression

Anxiety

Loss of sleep

Doesn’t want to go to school

Covers screen or turns off device when others come into room*

What to tell kids facing cyberbullying Don’t react (often the bully’s goal) Don’t retaliate Block the bully Save the evidence Talk to a trusted adult

Don’t react (often the bully’s goal)

Don’t retaliate

Block the bully

Save the evidence

Talk to a trusted adult

Keys to finding solutions Understanding that the teenage brain is “a work in progress” (brain takes up to 25 years to develop) What’s happening online is more about adolescent behavior/development than tech Net = amplifier, searchable archive, pretty permanent; User/producers have multiple invisible audiences Collaborative solution-making needed

Understanding that the teenage brain is “a work in progress” (brain takes up to 25 years to develop)

What’s happening online is more about adolescent behavior/development than tech

Net = amplifier, searchable archive, pretty permanent; User/producers have multiple invisible audiences

Collaborative solution-making needed

To summarize The social Web… is good and bad for teens is a fact of life - not going away is user-driven (little control) Social Web safety requires… Growing understanding of benefits, risks Multiple forms of expertise Collaborative, long-term response Targeting real risks not high-frequency, low-risk behaviors

The social Web…

is good and bad for teens

is a fact of life - not going away

is user-driven (little control)

Social Web safety requires…

Growing understanding of benefits, risks

Multiple forms of expertise

Collaborative, long-term response

Targeting real risks not high-frequency, low-risk behaviors

Thank you & please visit our forum at www.ConnectSafely.org Larry Magid Co-director, ConnectSafely.org [email_address] Anne Collier, Co-director [email_address]

Larry Magid

Co-director, ConnectSafely.org

[email_address]

Anne Collier,

Co-director

[email_address]

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