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Neil Johns, Graincorp: Improving the efficiency of grain logistics at bulk and container ports

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Information about Neil Johns, Graincorp: Improving the efficiency of grain logistics at...

Published on November 20, 2013

Author: informaoz

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Neil Johns, General Manager Ports, GrainCorp delivered this presentation at the 2013 Regional Ports Conference. The event showcased the latest port developments and assessed the policy, planning and operating strategies designed to maximise the efficiency of Australia's regional ports: gateways for facilitating trade, engagement and regional growth. Featuring local and national case studies, the two day event provided a spotlight on port developments across the country, highlighting the infrastructure, investment and long-term planning necessary to meet Australia’s current and potential competitiveness. For more information on the annual event, please visit the conference website: https://www.informa.com.au/regionalportsconference
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Improving efficiency at Bulk Grain Ports Neil Johns, 20 November 2013

Grain underpins global food Grain supplies 60% of global calories Wheat Barley Sorghum Canola Pulses Corn Soybean Grain processing Milling Malting Oil crushing Feed Ethanol Food Products Cereal Foods & Beverages Edible Oils 55% Animal Protein Beef, Poultry & Eggs, Pork, Dairy, Fish 45% Industrial Starch, Biofuels -2-

‘Food Security’ will drive trade Grain growth drivers to 2050 Population 35% Grain Demand 50% Traded Grain 100% -3-

Grain growth is on our doorstep Wheat Imports Growth to 2050 MMt World Wheat Imports Growth to 2050 44 +98% +57% +90% 23 45 +200% 14 12 9 3 16 20 Sub-Continent Asia (ex.China) Asia 11 ME/North Africa Middle East North Africa Sub-Saharan Sub-Saharan Africa Africa 45% +140% +14% 1 -1 China Latin America 16 27 Developed (ex-China) 76% 7% 100% 1% 57% 10% Imports % of consumption MENA Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Sources: USDA, US Wheat Associates -4-

Australia’s leading grain business GrainCorp is Australia’s leading grain business with the largest network in eastern Australia – 7 bulk grain ports ~16mmt elevation capacity handling ~85% of bulk exports – 280 silos with~20mmt country storage capacity handling~55% production – 2 port container facilities ~0.5mmt packing capacity – 2 non grain bulk ports – Manages 15+ trains handling ~60% of export grain rail transport -5-

1. Grain constraint: Rail transport 40m Port average tonnes of storage CAPACITY Crop average utilisation ~18m Country Storage ~35% Rail/Road Port Elevators

Port capacity is not a constraint Port utilisation ranges from 5% to 65% MMT GrainCorp Bulk Exports Excess Capacity Average Utilisation 16 100% 14 80% 12 10 60% 8 40% 6 4 20% 2 - 0% 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 -7-

Major constraint is rail transport Use of rail transport has fallen from 90% to 60% 100% ROAD ROAD 80% 60% 40% RAIL RAIL 20% 0% 2004 2013 -8-

2. Grain constraint: Regulation Contract flexibility One size fits all Capacity flexibility First in first served Pricing flexibility Reference prices 9

Port regulation not required Non-GNC grain exports increased 3 fold in past 10 years 12 GNC Bulk Exports Containers Non GNC Bulk Exports 12 6 3 3 0 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 MMT 9 6 MMT 9 - 10 -

Port regulation applied unevenly Regulated Non-regulated Mackay Gladstone Brisbane QBT Containers NAT Newcastle Louis Dreyfus Containers Port Kembla Geelong Melbourne (Emerald) Portland Containers Containers 11

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