Published on July 15, 2009
Profa. Maricarmen Gamero
Ge ne ral Eng lis h (No atte mpt is us ually made ) Ne e ds Analys is Eng lis h fo r S pe c ific Purpo s e s Learning Needs Ne e ds Analys is Target Needs It’ the study of students’ s requirements to learn English A continuing process, in which the conclusions draw are constantly n checked and reassessed S tude nts - Co urs e De s ig ne r- S po ns o rs
Targ e t Ne e ds “ hat the learner needs to knowand do in the target situation” W (Hutchinson and Waters, 1987) NEEDS WANTS LACKS W hat the learner has to W hat the students feel From w hat the learners know in order to function they need English for in know and w hich “ need” effectively in the target the target situation. they lack to function situation. effectively in the target situation. CONFLICT
Targ e t Ne e ds Exampl e NEEDS WANTS LACKS To read letters about To read and w letters -Infer m rite eaning of ideas technical help in about technical help in from a reading. English. English. - Good attitude tow ards reading.
Le arning Ne e ds ROUTE Needs Lacks Wants “ Starting Point” “ Howstudents learn” Mo tivatio n Le arning S trate g ie s Attitude
Gathe ring Info rmatio n -To survey target needs and learning needs Questionnaires - It shouldn’be so long but t Interviews neither so short Observation - It has to be homogenous: Data Collection * Dichotomous Questions Inform Consultations al * Open Questions * Questions w the sam ith e num of questions ber
S o me As pe c ts to As k: Language Need: Study, work, training, etcétera. Language Use: M edium channel, types of texts , or discourse, physical setting, hum context. an Content Areas: Subjects, Level. Interlocutor Situation: Course, job, frequency.
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