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Nature Area Trees

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Information about Nature Area Trees
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Published on January 3, 2008

Author: Jade

Source: authorstream.com

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Trees of the SMC Nature Area:  Trees of the SMC Nature Area Sarah DeAngelo Saint Mary’s College Notre Dame, Indiana Trees of the Nature Area: Part I:  Trees of the Nature Area: Part I Shagbark-Hickory Carya ovata K. Found in the deciduous woods mixed with oaks . Can get up to 100ft. Has shaggy bark. Flowers are unisexual on same tree. Fruits are large globe-shaped nuts. Kernels are sweet and edible. Leaves alternate, compound on twig, singly compound. Twigs are gray to red-brown, hairy when young. Leaf Scars are triangular. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area :  Trees of the Nature Area American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis L. Large trees with white bark on upper trunk and limbs. Leaves are large maple like. Fruit is a sycamore ball on drooping stem. Leaves are alternate simple, borne on singly long hairy leaf stalks. Blades nearly circular in outlines. This tree is found on rich bottom lands of creeks and rivers, around lakes and ponds, and invades old fields. Ornamental, but has messy shedding of bark. Wood is hard and tough; occasionally used for furniture. source: 101 Trees of Indiana Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Black Walnut Juglans nigra Flowers are unisexual on same tree. Fruits are large globe-shaped nuts. Kernels are sweet and edible. Leaves alternate, compound on twig, singly compound. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana L. Small to Medium Evergreen (to 50 ft tall). Narrow, cone-shaped or rounded crown. Awl-shaped leaves scaly; appear braided Fruits round, dark blue, berry-like, smell like dry gin. Found in deciduous forest, abandoned fields, fencerows, dry woods, rocky bluffs and cliffs. Bark is thin reddish-brown separating into long shreds. Flowers are unisexual on separate trees; source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area White Oak Quercus alba L. Large Trees (up to 100ft tall). Has a broad rounded crown of heavy branches. Leaves alternate with rounded deep lobes. Terminal buds rounded, clustered. Pith are star-shaped. Fruit is an acorn, oblong, greenish-brown. Bark is thick, light-ash gray. Has loose vertical scales, becoming blocky on old trees. Unisexual flowers are yellow. source: 101Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Black Oak Quercus velutina Lam. Tree of medium to large size with a broad rounded crown. Leaves alternate on twig, on long leaf stalks. Blades are leathery, deeply divided into 5-9 bristle tips, having a sharp point at the tip. The leaves are dark green and glossy. The bark is smooth brown-black on young trees, and hard, furrowed on mature. The Buds are clustered at branch end, oval pointed and covered with gray wool. The Black Oak is mostly found in dry upland forests, upper slopes, and dry rocky or sandy ridges. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana L. It is a large shrub or small tree with a misshapen, spreading, crown. Has delicate yellow flowers in autumn. Leaves alternate on short leaf stalks and are oval with a lopsided base; leaf edges have widely spaced rounded teeth. They are dull and green above and hairy and lighter below. Bark is thin and often scaly. It is usually encountered in moist woods, ravines, or along streams. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area American Elm Ulmus americana L. Has a broad , rounded crown. Leaves alternate on twig, borne singly on very short yellow stems. The edges are doubly saw-toothed; upper surface is dark green and smooth. Bark is medium to dark gray; A cross section of a piece of bark reveals alternating layers of nearly white cork and dark reddish-brown fiber. Fruits dry in dense clusters. This tree is usually found in bottomland forest, along streams and on flood plains; moist ravines and old fields. Was once the most popular shade and ornamental tree in the eastern U.S. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipifera L. Leaves alternate on twig, simple borne on single long leafstalks. The leave’s edges are smooth and bright green. Bark is thin, gray-whitish within fissures. The bisexual flowers borne singly in May; large cup-shaped and tulip like; six green and orange, waxy petals. The fruit is an upright cone-like cluster of many seeds. This tree is mostly found in upland woods with rich, moist soil. The Tulip Tree is Indiana’s State tree, and is called “yellow poplar,” by foresters. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Red Bud Cercis canadensis L. A small tree with a spreading crown; often with multiple trunks. Leaves are alternate, with the leaf stem being enlarged and fleshy. The blades are broad and heart-shaped with smooth edges and dull point. Bark is dark gray, thin and becomes scaly with age. Twigs are slender, brown and often warty. The bisexual flowers that bloom in spring are rose-pink/red. This type of tree is usually found near rich moist, woods, roadsides, and woodland boarders. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area American Elm Ulmus americana L. Has a broad , rounded crown. Leaves alternate on twig, borne singly on very short yellow stems. The edges are doubly saw-toothed; upper surface is dark green and smooth. Bark is medium to dark gray; A cross section of a piece of bark reveals alternating layers of nearly white cork and dark reddish-brown fiber. Fruits dry in dense clusters. This tree is usually found in bottomland forest, along streams and on flood plains; moist ravines and old fields. Was once the most popular shade and ornamental tree in the eastern U.S. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Osage-Orange Malcura pomifera (Raf). C.K. Schneider. A short, medium sized tree with rounded growth form. Leaves alternate on twig. The blades are oval with long tapering tipos; edges smooth; dark green and shiny above, paler and somewhat hairy below. This tree usually can be located near hedgerows, old pasture fields, and in low-ground woods. It was introduced to Indiana only a century ago, being native to Southwest Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Eastern Texas. Used by native Americans as bow wood. The fruit is called a hedge-apple which is also another name for the tree, or tree of the arc. Its French name is commonly known as Bois d’arc. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area :  Trees of the Nature Area Northern Hackberry; Hackberry Celtis occidentalis L. Medium to large tree; with simple alternate leaves. Leaves are alternate on twigs borne singly on short leafstalks. Blades are long pointed, base uneven, edges toothed. Leaf surfaces are often fleshy galls. Bark: Gray to Brown and smooth on young trees; soon covered with warty bumps. Mature trees have dark gray roughened ridges. Flowers/Fruits: Unisexual or bisexual on same tree; green without petals; Fruits are brown-purple when mature. Is usually found along streams, on flood plains or in low wet woods. Sometimes in moist upland woods. Crowns often have twiggy witches brooms. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Marshall. Large, handsome tree with dense, broad, rounded tree found in moist upland sites with deep fertile soils. Aggressive reproduction under forest canopies permits it to replace oaks in many stands. Leaves: opposite on twig, simple; borne on slender leaf stalks. Lobes hand like, 5-lobed with wide notches rounded at ankles. Bark: Smooth, gray to pale tan when young, becoming dark gray and deeply furrowed to shaggy with age. Flowers: yellow green without petals, unisexual. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall. Leaves are opposite compound. Bark with diamond fissures. Opposite on twig, lance-shaped leaflets with toothed to smooth edges;hairless. Bark: Light brow-gray to medium gray with diamond shaped furrows between flat, scaly ridges. Flowers are unisexual and without petals in purplish clusters on separate tress. Typically found in bottomland forests or moist upland woods. A popular tree for lawns, parks, and streets. Ornamental. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area :  Trees of the Nature Area Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh. Tree is medium to large size with a narrow oblong, rounded crown. Leaves: Alternate on twig simple, borne on short slender, smooth leafstalks, with a pair of reddish glands near the base of the blade. Flowers white in long drooping clusters. Fruit clusters of purple black cherries. Bark is black, scaly. Is usually found in moist fertile soil of upland woods, roadsides and forest margins. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Hop-Hornbeam Ostrya virginiana (Mill) K. Koch. Small tree with irregular, rounded, open crown; usually in forest under story, upland woods, hillsides, or rocky slopes. Leaves alternate on twig, simple, borne on very short slender, hairy stems. Edges finely double-toothed. Bark: Rich brown, smooth on young branches. Brown and breaking into short flat strips at maturity. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Sassafras Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees. Medium sized trees with spreading crowns found on roadsides, fence rows, old fields, and up land woods. Leaves: alternate simple borne singly on short stems; blades of three different shapes lobed-3, lobed-2, or oval or unlobed, often on same tree. Bark: green on young trees and branches; becomes deeply fissured and a rich reddish - brown when mature. Fruits: are egg shaped blue-black berries in clusters, with bright red stalks. source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004 Trees of the Nature Area:  Trees of the Nature Area Pawpaw (Indiana banana) Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal. small tree to 30 feet, often in “colonies” very large simple alternate leaves with smooth edges (odoriferous when bruised brown/maroon flowers, rancid odor; 6 petals, blooms Apr-May fruit ripens in October; green to blackish; berry with pulpy edible seeds widespread in Indiana habitat: woods, esp rich moist soils along streams source: 101 Trees of Indiana, Jackson 2004

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