Native Americans

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Information about Native Americans
Education

Published on January 23, 2008

Author: Margherita

Source: authorstream.com

Native American Power Point By Mrs. Erwin’s Class:  Native American Power Point By Mrs. Erwin’s Class Where they lived.:  Where they lived. The Makah Indians lived in the state of Washington. What type of house did they live in? :  What type of house did they live in? The Makah people built longhouses. The Longhouses are long, rectangular houses. Fifty or more people often lived in each house. The Makah people built their longhouses out of cedar boards. Each house had benches, beds, and fire pits. Some Makah families carve wooden house poles in front of their homes. Carve means to shape wood by cutting it. The house poles showed the histories of their family. Slide5:  The Makah ate salmon, halibut, walrus, seals and hunted whales and deer. They made clothing with deer skin. They picked berries. They caught shellfish and ate them. They ate seaweed they dug out of the sea. They caught seagulls to eat them. They picked black berries off bushes. The Makah shirts,skirts,hats,robes, were made from cedar bark. Shoes didn’t matter. The Makah went barefoot. The Makah wore leather moccasins for special occasions like potlatches. The Makah wore snowshoes during the winter. This made it easer for the Native American to hunt in the winter. The snowshoes where made out of wood and sometimes of rawhide. These were different shapes and sizes and used depending how deep the snow was. Some snowshoes had names like swallowtail, bear paws, or beaver tail. What type of food they ate and the type of clothing What did they make their tools and cooking items from?:  What did they make their tools and cooking items from? Tools were made from the materials that grew around the area. The coastal tribes in Washington and Oregon used cedar wood for everything from canoes to dishes.They made armor out of wood to protect them in the forest.Coastal people further north had fewer materials to use.Their tools were made from bone ,hide ,ivory ,and rock. Coastal Indians made tools that were not only useful, but were beautiful.Tools not only made peoples lives easier, but brought pleasure to those using them. Natives found creative uses for materials. They had things called candlefish made from dried and charred fish. The kind of fish used was bony and oily so they gave off lots of light. What was their traditions - religion? :  What was their traditions - religion? The Makah people had their own religion. They followed a set of spiral beliefs.The Makah religion said all things in nature had spirits.The spirits provided everything the Makah needed to live.The Makah religion taught Makah people to respect nature. They did not take more than they needed. The Makah gave thanks to the spirits. They gave thanks for the food, clothing, and shelter nature provided. Today, some Makah people practice the traditional Makah religion. Others follow Christianity. Christianity is a religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ. Some Makah people follow the Indian shaker religion. This religion combines the Makah religion and Christianity. Where they lived.:  Where they lived. The Anasazi lived in the state of Colorado. What type of house did they live in? :  What type of house did they live in? The Anasazi built villages in cliffs. These groups of homes could be four to five houses tall. Floors were made of hard clay.The walls were thick with no outside doors or windows. Homes were box shaped and built in rows. This also kept shelter from enemies. The pueblo’s used ladders to enter their homes. They built homes from adobe or sandstone. Adobe is clay. Pueblos formed wet adobe into large blocks. The blocks hardened as they dried in the sun. Pueblos cut sandstone blocks from the ground. What type of food they ate, and the type of clothing:  What type of food they ate, and the type of clothing In the summer both men and women wore skirts woven from yucca fiber. Young children usually wore no clothes. In the winter time blankets and clothes were made from turkey feathers and rabbit. The men and boys caught rabbit and speared deer, bison , and wild sheep to eat. They grew corn, beans and squash. These three plants were known as the three sisters. They also planted cotton and tamed wild turkey. They used stone to grind up corn to eat. What did they make their tools and cooking items from?:  What did they make their tools and cooking items from? The Anasazi carried everything by hand or on their back. Their tools were made from bones and stone. They were basket makers. They stored food in the baskets. Men and boys used nets to catch rabbits and spears for larger animals.They used a lot of stone and adobe but very little wood. They used stone to grind up corn and pots to carry water to their pueblos. What was their traditions - religion? :  What was their traditions - religion? The pueblo religion taught respect for nature and people.They understood that nature provided all the things necessary for life.They believe that people must work together. They built kivas for a group of men who were related to use for religious ceremonies. Kivas were round with a fireplace in the center of the floor, and a smoke hole in the roof. This hole was a spirit hole where they believed the first people entered the world. The people believed in kachinas. They were strong spirits that controlled nature. They thanked and prayed the kachinas for their families, homes and crops. Thy prayed to kachinas in their kivas Where they lived.:  Where they lived. The Sioux lived in the states of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota. The Sioux nation is very large. Seven tribes make up The Sioux nation the name Sioux means snake or enemy. The Sioux lived in tepees. The tepees were made from many poles. The pole were covered with animal skins. The animal skins were usually buffalo hide. The reason why the Sioux live in tepees is because when the buffalo move they need to move too. It easy to move tepees. Sioux clothing was made from buffalo hide and other animal skins . The skins were dyed many different colors. The Sioux used berries leaves grasses and flowers to make the dyes. Sioux women wore fringed dresses. They decorated their clothes with porcupine quills horse hair and beads .Men wore fringed shirts and breech clothes. In the winter they wore fur robes and legging. Both men and women wore moccasins. Buffalo was the only thing they had to eat. They ate fresh buffalo meat. They also dried and stored meat for the winter. What type of house did they live in? :  What type of house did they live in? The Sioux lived in tepees that they could pick up and move on a travois to follow the buffalo. The women used sinew to sew the buffalo hides together to make the tepee covering. They also decorated the tepee with symbols.The tepee could hold up to six people. On hot days the sides of the tepee was rolled up. What type of food they ate, and the type of clothing:  What type of food they ate, and the type of clothing They ate corn, beans, squash,and buffalos. They made clothes and blankets from buffalo skins. Women and men wore moccasins and in the winter they wore gloves and heavy robes so they could be warm . The Sioux had a busy village life. The men hunted buffalo . The women made the tepees . Both men and women taught the children the ways of the Sioux . What did they make their tools and cooking items from?:  What did they make their tools and cooking items from? They used bones, wood from a tree, clay, buffalo horns, and painted stones for cooking items and tools. Buffalo bones were also used to make tools for farming, scrubbing, and sewing. They use bladders to carry water and bones for tools like sewing needles and scrapers. What was their traditions - religion? :  What was their traditions - religion? The Sioux religion and tradition was called the Sacred Pipe. They believed in a spirit called the White Buffalo Calf Woman. Sioux Indians also believed in the Great Spirits. They smoked tobacco in a pipe. The Sioux gave it to the leaders. Few Sioux Indians still practice the Sacred Pipe. Some do ceremonies to praise the spirits. They also dance to worship them. Where they lived.:  Where they lived. The Mohawk lived in New York . The homeland of the Mohawk lies near the Hudson River in what is now Eastern New York State. What type of house did they live in? :  What type of house did they live in? The Mohawk lived in a longhouse. The longhouses were at least two hundred feet long! The Indians longhouses were built near forests, and rivers or lakes. A longhouse was long with a rounded roof. Men built a longhouse by bending trees. The trees made a frame. Then the men covered the frame with tree bark. What type of food they ate, and the type of clothing:  What type of food they ate, and the type of clothing They hunted, fished, and gathered food. The Mohawk men hunted deer, elk, ducks, and geese. The women made clothing household tools. They also farmed, cooked,and stored food for the winter . The women raised crops such as corn, beans, and squash. These crops are called the three sisters. The three sisters were then cooked into a dish called succotash. What did they make their tools and cooking items from?:  What did they make their tools and cooking items from? They made all their tools and ornaments from the raw materials around them. The men made all of their tools and weapons. They fashioned arrowheads with flint, jasper or slate. They set round stones into wooden handles to make war clubs. The trees in the forest also supplied wood for carving dishes. The men carved wooden bowls, ladles, and spoons. They sewed leather by punching holes in it with a bone owl which is a pointed tool. Mothers and Grandmothers used cedar bark rushes, corn husks, and cattails to weave mats and storage bags. Some women made coiled clay pots for cooking and storage. What was their traditions - religion? :  What was their traditions - religion? The Mohawk religion is called longhouse religion. A religion is a set of spiritual beliefs people follow. The coast Mohawk people had their own religion. They believed there were many spirits.One was the Great Spirit. Animals and many things in nature had their own spirits. Some worshiped as many as 300 different spirits. Not many Indians believed in heaven or life after death They gave thanks to the spirit by dances and songs.

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