Native American Indians by MJAC

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Information about Native American Indians by MJAC
Education

Published on March 18, 2014

Author: MiracleJAC

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Native American Indians overview.

Miracle-Josette Creighton

  History  Definition  Acculturation  Poverty & Economic Concerns  History of Oppression  Language & the Arts  Racism & Prejudice  Sociopolitical Factors  Child-Rearing Practices  Sexual Intercourse  Religious Practices  Family Structure & Dynamics  Cultural Values & Attitudes  Implications Native American Indians

  Native Americans Indians throughout America found themselves virtually stripped of their cultural identities and relegated to land unwanted by Whites.  Believed: Native Americans Indians migrated from Asia over a land bridge at the Bering Strait during a recent ice age, sometime about 20,000 to 27,000 years ago. History

  Amerind or Amerindian has been used to designate the 2.5 million nomadic people who lived in the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans.  Historically, the name Indian was used, followed by American Indian, and more recently, Native American and Native American Indian. History

 History  Constitute less than 1% of the U.S. population, numbering 1.9 million in 1990.  Population increased nearly 65% from 1980 to 1990.  Geographically dispersed group speaks 150 tribal languages in 505 federally recognized & 365 state recognized tribal groups (BIA, 1988).

 History Largest Tribe  Navajos of Arizona  Navajos of New Mexico  (approximately 160,000) Smallest Tribe  Chumash of California  Modocs of Oklahoma  (fewer than 100)

  The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (1998) defines a Native American Indian as a person who is a registered or enrolled member of a federally recognized tribe or whose blood quantum is one fourth or more Indian, genealogically derived, and who can legally demonstrate that fact to the BIA.  BIA makes Native American Indians the only LEGALLY defined ethnic group living in the U.S. Definition

  Despite the assault by the overarching dominant U.S. culture on Native American Indian life, many Native American Indians have not become acculturated.  The clash of cultures has caused many Native American Indians to experience a general lack of self-confidence and a sense of helplessness. Acculturation 10/17/2012

  The dominant culture has forced Native American Indians to become intimate with the concept of poverty.  Suffers in: Employment, Education, Income, and Health.  Unemployment, poverty, and lack of education are all symptoms of the cultural alienation that Native American Indians experience when trying to live in a dominant culture. Poverty & Economic Concerns

  Native American Indians have a long history of oppression at the hands of European settlers.  Early 1524, Indians were seized by European settlers and sold as slaves in the West Indies; in additionally, expected to adhere to European standards of conduct, cultural values.  Continual of Oppression: Native American Indians was given land that was believed to be useless. History of Oppression

  Rich heritage in NONVERBAL Language, such as using: body language, eye movement, silence, and tone of voice.  300 Tribal languages.  The Cherokee were the only tribe to develop written language.  Holistic lifestyle is reflected in their arts, such as: tradition of music, dance, and crafts. (Religious Values) Language & the Arts 10/17/2012

  Manifest Destiny  The Loss of Native American Indians’ citizenship rights of voting.  Bearing arms under the 1835 North Carolina state constitution.  Relocation of Native American Indians under the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Racism & Prejudice

  Most Tribes ruled by Chiefs with matriarchal lines of succession.  The Red Power movement: put more power into the hands of Native American Indians, through three (3) organizations: the National Indian Youth Council, the National Congress of American Indians, and the American Indian Movement. Sociopolitical Factors

  Children are reared by the extended family, clan or tribe, with grandparents and other elders usually responsible for teaching children.  Rarely discipline unless real danger exist.  Indian parents are generally permissive in their training. Child-Rearing Practices

  Sex is treated as a part of the natural process of life.  Facts surrounding sexual intercourse are understood at an early age.  Premarital sexual experiences are common in most Indian villages.  No stigma attached to child(ren) born out of wedlock. Sexual Intercourse

  Religion is the UNIVERSE.  Four (4) valued objects: God, Self, Others, and World.  Medicine men or Shamans are religious men, considered priests for the tribes.  Dance, Art, and Ceremonial festivals are linked to religious beliefs. Religious Practices

  Native Americans Indians believe in many gods or spirits, usually with one chief god or Great Spirit.  Worship: Sun, Wind, Water, Fire, Thunder, and Lightning, as well as Animals.  Some Native American Indians accepted and adopted Christianity along with their own beliefs. Religious Practices

  Traditional Family form = Extended Family  Clan = Basic Family Unit  Female: traditionally responsible for and performed the duties necessary to preserve the “Social Organization”.  Elders: responsible for educating children and the leadership in the tribe. Family Structure & Dynamics 10/17/2012

  Strong Present-time Orientation.  Time Consciousness defined by socially, rather than by the clock.  Respect for age and for elders.  Preference for cooperation over competition.  Ethical concern for the natural world. Cultural Values & Attitudes

  Three (3) reactions to White-dominated society: Bicultural, Traditional, and Marginal.  Bicultural: emulate White pursuits.  Traditional: distrust Whites in the dominant culture.  Marginal: did not attempt to compete with the dominant culture. Implications

Thank you very much!!! References Locke, D., (1998). Increasing Multicultural Understanding. 2ed. pp.59-77. Native American Indians: SAGE Publications. Miracle-Josette Creighton

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