Published on June 8, 2008
Becoming a Successful Learner Bertram (Chip) Bruce Library & Information Science U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign NCI Orientation 5 September, 2007
Inquiry Cycle NCI Orientation 2 5 September, 2007
College students today… o are smarter (James Flynn) o are better educated (Berliner & Biddle; Marable) o more professionally-oriented, older, more female, more non-white, more non-English speaking o get too little sleep (Mary Carskadon) o use the Internet instead of print sources, but trust print more (Leigh Healy) o focus on testing and grades too much NCI Orientation 3 5 September, 2007
Stephen's questions o Why do cars speed up passing a stop sign? o Why do things far away seem blue? o Why do my eyes water when I stare? o How does your body make tears? o Is the salt in tears the same as the salt on food? o What’s that pipe from the silo to the barn? NCI Orientation 4 5 September, 2007
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Exercise: How do you learn? Part 1. What shape is the earth? Draw a picture of yourself standing on the earth, as you would have drawn it when you were five years old. NCI Orientation 7 5 September, 2007
Part 2. How did you learn that? Write three or four phrases describing what led you to that picture of the earth. NCI Orientation 8 5 September, 2007
Research on learning Child: I can see it. The world is flat. NCI Orientation 9 5 September, 2007
Adult: No, the world is round. Child: It’s round? Oh, a pancake! NCI Orientation 10 5 September, 2007
Adult: No, no... a ball! Look at this photo of earth from outer space. Child: Oh! Two earths! The round one in space and the flat one we live on. NCI Orientation 11 5 September, 2007
Learning means to o Ask; find problems o Investigate; combine information from visual, auditory, kinesthetic, verbal sources o Create; active construction of meaning o Discuss; collaborate with others of different backgrounds; think critically o Reflect; build on experience; learn how to learn NCI Orientation 12 5 September, 2007
...Difficult o Piaget: disequilibrium o Vygotsky: zone of proximal development o Dewey: felt difficulty NCI Orientation 13 5 September, 2007
Inquiry and life We always live at the time we live and not at some other time, and only by extracting at each present time the full meaning of each present experience are we prepared for doing the same in the future. This is the only preparation which in the long run amounts to anything. --John Dewey, Experience & Education NCI Orientation 14 5 September, 2007
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