Narcolepsy day updated

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Information about Narcolepsy day updated
Health & Medicine

Published on March 7, 2014

Author: ParveenKumarChadha1

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Narcolepsy Day 8th March 2014.

Nursing Hi Nursing 8th March 2014 is Narcolepsy Day. Narcolepsy also known as hypnolepsy , is a chronic neurological disorder caused by the brain's inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally . People with narcolepsy often experience disturbed nocturnal sleep and an abnormal daytime sleep pattern, which often is confused with insomnia. Narcoleptics, when falling asleep, generally experience the REM stage of sleep within 5 minutes, while most people do not experience REM sleep until an hour or so later. One of the many problems that some narcoleptics experience is cataplexy, a sudden muscular weakness brought on by strong emotions. Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder. It is not caused by mental illness or psychological problems. It is most likely affected by a number of genetic mutations and abnormalities that affect specific biologic factors in the brain, combined with an environmental trigger during the brain's development, such as a virus.

Narcolepsy Nursing Hi Nursing

What is Narcolepsy? • • • • A chronic sleeping disorder Hard to stay awake for longer periods of time Sudden attacks of sleep Can fall a sleep under any circumstances Nursing Hi Nursing

Symptoms • • • • • Excessive daytime sleeping Sudden loss of muscle tone Sleeping paralysis Hallucinations Low levels of Hypocretin/Orexin Nursing Hi Nursing

Causes • • • • • • Not exact known Genetics Infections Sleeping pattern – NREM + REM Hypocretin level H1N1 vaccination Nursing Hi Nursing

Statistics • Most common age of diagnostics is 20-40 years. • Affect 0.05% of the population world wide Nursing Hi Nursing

Treatments and drugs • No cure • Stimulates: - Modafilin - Methylphenidate • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors: - Fluoxetine - Venlafaxine • Tricyclic antidepressants: - Protriptyline - Imipramine - Clomipramine • Sodium oxybate (Xyrem) Nursing Hi Nursing

Daily life • Recommendations: • Complications: - Public misunderstanding - Naps during the day - Exercise - Feelings and - No nicotine and alcohol relationships - Consistent sleeping - Physical harm schedule - Obesity Nursing Hi Nursing

Narcolepsy Psychology Nursing Hi Nursing

Did you know that... 1 out of every 2000 Indians suffer from this disease Nursing Hi Nursing

What is narcolepsy? • A chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming daytime drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep Nursing Hi Nursing

What causes it? • Caused by the brain’s inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally. Nursing Hi Nursing

What are the symptoms? • excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) • cataplexy (sudden loss of voluntary muscle tone) • vivid hallucinations during sleep onset or upon wakening • brief episodes of total paralysis at the beginning or end of sleep Nursing Hi Nursing

Treatments? • There is no cure for narcolepsy. • However people with narcolepsy can try to regulate their sleep patterns and avoid drinking caffeine containing beverages and alcohol before bedtime. Nursing Hi Nursing

Severity? • The symptoms of narcolepsy develop during the first two decades of the first symptoms but as the patients get over the age of 60 severity decreases. Nursing Hi Nursing

Nursing Hi Nursing

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